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The Havasupai Tribe

American Indian Studies 460 Professor Schenck

angie prevetti

on 9 May 2014

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Transcript of The Havasupai Tribe

The Havasupai Tribe
Constitution and Tribal Government

"We, the Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona, in order to build up an independent and self-directing community life; to secure to ourselves and our children all rights guaranteed to us by treaties and by the Statutes of the United States; and to encourage and promote all movements and efforts for the best interests and welfare of our people, do establish this Constitution and By-laws."

cite: (United States Department of the Interior, approved March 27th 1939)
Havasupai Tribe Economy
Tourism is the main source of revenue for the Havasupai Tribe
The town recieves more than 20,000 visitors per year
The Tribe charges for entering its land, and visitors are required to reserve either a room at their lodge or space at the campground
Also charges for tours of their Falls
Basic Facts
Located at the southwest corner of the Grand Canyon, AZ
188,000 acres of canyon land
Most American Indians live in the Supai Village in the 3,000 deep Havasu Canyon
Most remote village in the United States
Population is around 600 members
The tribe draws their strength from the sacred land

(Official Website of the Havasupai Tribe 2012)
(Inter Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc. 2014)
Basically, the Havasupai Tribe's constitution describes
its membership qualifications (all persons of Indian blood whose names appear on the official census roll, and all children born to any member after Jan. 1st 1938 who are 3/4 or more Indian blood)
governing body, nominations/elections, powers of the tribal council, and etc.

Link: http://thorpe.ou.edu/IRA/havacons.html
Tribal Government
The Salt River Tribe of Phoenix, AZ President Martin Harviet (center) met with the Havasupai Tribal Council Members in October of 2008 to present a check on behalf of their tribe to help the Havasupai rebuild
In mid-August of 2008 a monsoon storm brought significant amounts of rain causing a devastating flood that wiped out the tribe's facilities and infrastructure

Here is a picture of five of the Havasupai Tribal Council members from left to right (Agnes Chamberlain, Leandra Wescogame, vice chairman Matthew Putesoy Sr, Evangeline Kisson and the Chairman Don Watahomigie)

Cite: (The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community Newspaper 2008)
The tribal council is made up of seven members which handle mostly policy matters
The council is lead by one Chairman
Election for these members occurs once every two years
The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is the law enforcement and protection for the Tribe
The Indian Health Service clinic provides health care and emergency services on the reservation

cite: (Inter Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc. 2014)
(The Official Website of the Havasupai Tribe 2010)

8 miles from the hilltop to the village of Supai
24 miles round trip around the mountain
Before you see it, you'll hear the thunderous roar echos of the 120ft tall Havasu Falls
The Tribe considers the creek's "blue-green" water to be sacred
“Havasu” denotes green/blue in the Havasupai language, and “pai” means “people,” resulting in the translation “people of the blue green water”

Cite: (Havasupai Falls 2013) (The Official Website of the Havasupai Tribe 2014)
The Havasupai Tribe is actively engaged in the tourism business, it's keeping them alive.
The Havasupai has four tribal enterprises
Havasupai Lodge
tribally owned and managed
Twenty-four rooms
Nearest lodging facility besides this is 75 miles away in Peach Springs!
The Havasupai Tribal Cafe
The only restaurant on the reservation
The cafe provides basic menu to its community members as well as its visitors
In the future, the Tribe wants to expand this facility to allow more services/more customers in order to increase revenues
The Havasupai
Trading Post/General Store
Provides basic groceries and supplies
Aside from this, the nearest store is located in Flagstaff, AZ (that is about 4 hours away! As you can tell..the Supai village is very remote)
The Havasupai Tourism Enterprise
Tribe manages and operates the tourism related activities
These activities include tours, a 200-person campground near the Falls, and a horse packing business

Language Revitalization
The Native American Tribe The Havasupai, s speak a dialect of the Yuman language, called the Havasupai language
It is spoked by about 450 people on the reservation in and around the Grand Canyon
Also, it is the only Native American language in the United States spoken by 100% of its indigenous population
Havasupai language use is especially vigorous
Almost all Havasupai people are bilingual but the Tribe continues to use the language in the tribe's elementary and high schools

Cite: (Native Languages 2009)
Training Havasupai teachers in reading and language methods in 1972

(U.S. National Archives and Records Administration 1972)
-recording not attached
Havasupai Education
The reservation has Head Start, an elementary school and junior school education up to 8th grade
Usually, parents send their children as early as 6th grade to various government sponsered boarding schools in Oregon, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and California for high school
Most of them return to Supai Village after high school graduation

Cite: (Arizona Tourist Guide 2014) (The Official Website of the Havasupai Tribe 2014)
Seasonal rates (April 1 - October 31) are:

Reservation entry fee: $30 per person
Camping fee (by the waterfall) $10 per person per night
Havasupai Lodge $135 per night
Walking no charge
Horse $70 one way / $120 round trip
Helicopter $65 one way / $120 round trip

Cite: (Supai and the Havasupai Reservation 2013)

The number of students enrolled at the Havasupai Elementary School in total are 420 and there are about 25 students per teacher
17 of those teachers are full-time

Cite: (Trulia Havasupai Elementary School 2014)
In 2011-2012 Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS was used to test students in reading and math. The dark blue represents the Havasupai School, light blue as he Lake Havasu Unified District and the grey as Arizona. The goal is for all students to meet or exceed state standards on the test and as you can see, the school has not yet achieved that.
Cite: (Trulia Havasupai Elementary School 2014)
Environmental Concerns on the Havasupai Reservation
Billy Jack, the Havasupai tourism director, said damage was estimated at $4 million, not counting aesthetic losse. But, with help from volunteers and contributors around the world (like the Salt River Tribe of Phoenix, Arizona's President Martin Harviet mentioned earlier), tribal members spent 10 months rebuilding. Stream banks have been fortified, pools recreated, trails rerouted. Now, flood gauges upstream are linked to an early-warning system in the village.

Cite: (Havasupai reborn year after disastrous flash flood 2009)
A Little History...
The Havasupai Indians of world-renowned Havasu Falls have lived in the Grand Canyon for over 800 years. Arriving circa 1300 AD, the Havasupai are known for being the only permanent, continuous inhabitants of the Grand Canyon
In the late 1800's, cowboys and miners came to Havasu Canyon and began staking claims. Tensions escalated until 1866, when a three year war broke out between the Pai people and the US Army. The Havasupai did not fight, and thus were considered to be a seperate band.

Then, in 1880, President Hayes decreed the Havasupai to 38,000 acres along Havasu Creek, which was repealed to 500 acres in 1882. Grand Canyon National Park was established in 1919, and the Tribe was restricted to a reservation at the southwest corner of the park. 185,000 acres have since been returned to them, resulting from strenuous legal battles commencing in the early 1970's.
By 1919 with the establishment of the Grand Canyon National Park, the Tribe was restricted to 518 acres, 5 miles wide and 12 miles long in a side canyon. Now, they have returned to the Havasupai 188,077 acres of their former homelands.

Cite: (The Havasupai Falls Explorer 2012)
A Havasupai man sits on a plow in Havasu Canyon in 1931.
A Havasupai family in front of a home in Havasu Canyon in this photo taken by Ben Wittick, circa 1883.
Young Havasupai Girl Circa 1900
"Our strength comes from the land, which is sacred. The following are the principles which guide our development as a people:"

to preserve the magnificence of our homeland. The Havasupai people and our homeland are inseparable. Preserving the land is a sacred responsibility.
to protect our natural resources, both animal and plant life, that contribute to our healing and spiritual direction.
to preserve our cultural identity in every way possible. The land that gave us birth defines our identity. The land helps to preserve our cultural identity by separating and insulating us from those influences we do not wish to incorporate into Havasupai life.

Cite: (The Havasupai Tribe Natural Resource Division 2014)

Flash Flooding around the Havasupai Reservation
The flash flood during August 16-17 of 2008, spawned by monsoon storms in Arizona's Coconino Plateau country gushed into Grand Canyon tributaries. About 2,500 tourists in the campground were warned in the afternoon, but no one anticipated the wave that struck around midnight
"In the middle of the night, I heard the river raging," wrote camper Bill Rounds. "I got up and saw a wall of water headed toward us."
Helicopters plucked campers from safe perches. There were no deaths.
Greg Fisk of the U.S. Geological Survey, says more than 6 inches of rainfall upstream sent a roiling mass through normally dry channels. Near Supai, Havasu Creek's flow surged from a normal 65 cubic feet per second to 6,000.

Cite: (USA Today: 2008 Flood Alters Landscape Of Famed Grand Canyon site)
The Falls before...
Other Environmental Concerns and Solutions
Reseeding plants/trees uprooted by the floods
Solution: They have the list of trees and plants that will grow down here, as well as the ones that were lost. The Tribe are now looking for a grant that will supply these seedlings. Also possible that they make the reseeding a school project.
Solid Waste program:
Solution: They do not have a solution to the bulk waste (such as old appliances, furniture) which is now being dumped behind the lodge. Members are working on a grant to airlift the material out. The Tribe is also using old scraps of material to build a fence around it.
Liquid waste (especially during the Tourist season):
Solution: The Havasupai are looking into different kinds of campsite toilets. They now have solar toilets but can't stop the tourists from dumping the garbage into them.
Erosion on the trail from the village to the campground is increasing.
Solution: They are beginning research on this issue.
Wildlife on the mesa and in the canyon is an unknown in terms of growth patterns.
Solution: The Tribe is conducting wildlife surveys to begin their research in this area.

Cite: (Environmental Issues by the Havasupai Natural Resource Division 2014)
Patrick Whitehurst/WGCN Roland Nanakaja, the natural resource director for the Havasupai
Arizona's Havasupai Tribe and conservation group
Federal and State Relations
The relations between the Havasupai Tribe and the Federal government and state are very good! An example of this is how much both the state and federal government helped out the Tribe after the flood of 2008.
Immediately after the flood, the Havasupai Tribe received approximately $350,000 from the Bureau of Indian Affairs to assist with recovery work. On October 06, 2008, the Governor of Arizona declared a State of Emergency on the Havasupai Reservation.
On October 24, 2008, the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians donated approximately $1,000,000 to the Havasupai Tribe to assist with clean up, recovery, repair and, rehabilitation work in Havasu Canyon.
On February 9, 2009, the Tribe received $450,000 grant from the U. S. Housing & Urban Development (HUD) to assist with the recovery project.
In addition, the Tribe is allowed to use its $605,000 2007 ICDBG fund for the recovery project. The Tribe also received a $60,000 grant from the Arizona Office of Tourism (AOT).

Cite: (The Official Website of the Havasupai Tribe 2014)
Fun Havasupai Facts!
A fun fact about the Havasupai Tribe women is their love for basket-making. The art of basket-making dates back a long way with the Havasupai since their baskets largely take the place of pottery as water containers, burden carriers, and storage bins. The only ceramic utensils which they make are crude, undecorated types of jars used in cooking, although they obtain some pottery from the Hopi for other uses.

Havasupai baskets are of six types.These are burden baskets, water bottles, shallow bowls or trays in twine and in coil, stone-boiling bowls and parching trays. The first two and the last mentioned types are always made with twine weave. The others are made sometimes in twine, sometimes with a coiled technique.

Baskets were significant to the Havasupai because they served as daily household items

Cite: (Havasupai Basketry 2011)
You can purchase these baskets from Amazon, auctions, or you could just visit the Havasupai reservation, climb the falls, and buy one there!
And then this..
(Havasupai for: "I'm going now")

Created by: Angie Prevetti
Full transcript