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Transcript of Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece was a civilization that dominated much of the Mediterranean thousands of years ago. At its peak under Alexander the Great, Ancient Greece ruled much of Europe and Western Asia. The Greeks came before the Romans and much of the Roman culture was influenced by the Greeks.
Ancient Greece formed the foundation of much of Western culture today. Everything from government, philosophy, science, mathematics, art, literature, and even sports was impacted by the Ancient Greeks.
Greek clothing was very simple. Men and women wore linen in the summer and wool in the winter.
Most families made their own clothes, which were simple tunics and warm cloaks, made of linen or wool, dyed a bright color, or bleached white.
Clothes were made by the mother, her daughters, and female slaves. They were often decorated to represent the city-state in which they lived.
Now and then, they might buy jewelry , hairpins, rings, and earrings from a traveling peddler, but only the rich could afford much jewelry.
Both men and women used perfume made by boiling flowers and herbs.
Before 600 B.C there was no actual money system. Instead they traded goods. But as time went on, they developed the coin money system and was then used throughout Greece.
All over Greece, the people grew olives, grapes, and figs. They kept goats, for milk and cheese. In the plains, where the soil was more rich, they also grew wheat to make bread. Fish, seafood, and home-made wine were very popular food items.
In some of the larger Greek city-states, meat could be purchased in cook shops. Meat was rarely eaten, and was used mostly for religious sacrifices.
There was no public prosecutor. Anybody could bring charges against another person or persons and start a trial.
If a person was found guilty, there was one more step to take. Both could suggest a punishment. Those were the only two punishment choices that jurors could choose. The jury voted on which punishment to accept.
If you were accused of a crime, you could have another citizen help you plead your case. This was not a lawyer, just a person who could help. Also, if you accused someone of stealing, you could get in return only what that person stole from you-no more.
Only citizens-those people who were born in Greece or children of people born in Greece-could be part of the government.
The Greeks distinguished between intended murder and accidental killing. Murderers were sentenced to capital punishment or permanent exile. The punishment for accidental killing was not so harsh.
Ancient Greece was located off the Mediterranean Sea,on the continent that is now known as Europe. Ancient Greece was also a part of western Asia. The area of Ancient Greece in square metres is one hundred and thirty-one thousand,nine hundred and fifty-seven square metres.
Ancient Greek houses were usually made up of two or three rooms built of clay, stone or wood. They were also usually painted white to keep the hot weather out. Other wealthier people might have a kitchen as well as a sitting room and a room of bathing.
In Ancient Greece, ships were the most efficient, quickest form of transportation. However, most people traveled on foot and if the distance was too long the Greeks rode horses. Some horses also pulled chariots.
The Greeks believed in a group of gods, called the Olympians.There are twelve Olypians each with a special power over something like the sun, sky or sea. The twelve Olympians were Zeus god of the sky,Posideon god of the sea, Apollon god of the sun, Hera goddess of marriage, Dionysus god of wine, Artemis goddess of the hunt, Ares god of war, Hephasteus god of craftsmen, Demeter goddess of the harvest, Athena goddess of wisdom, Aphrodite goddess of beauty and Hermes god of messangers.the was supposed thirteen olympians but Hestia goddess of the hearth chose to give up her throne so Dionysus could take over. The gods reside in a lavish palace on Olympus.
Coins that Ancient Greeks used
The rise and fall of the Ancient Greece civilisation
The ancient Greek civilization is known as the birthplace of western civilization. The development of the Greek civilization started around 2000 B.C. By 1600 B.C, the Greek people had built fortified cities in the major valleys and many people were educated. Greece then had several wars, including the Trojan War around 1200 B.C., which threw them into what is known as the Dark Age. During that time, knowledge of writing was lost and most people lived in isolated villages. The Dark Age ended in about 800 B.C when the Greeks started to write again.The Ancient Greece civilisation dstarted do fall apart at about 400 B.C when the Peloponessian War started.the empire of Athens fought against the Peloponnesian league lead by the Spartans. In the end the Spartans won leaving Ancient Greece in a state of poverty and city-states began fighting each other to find out who to blame it on.Due to the blood slaughter the thought undefeatable Ancient Greece Empire dissapeared forever.
In conclusion after viewing our presentation,we hope you learned something about Ancient Greece.
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Made by:Nelson,Karen and Nathaanki