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Carl Jung's Analytical Psychology

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Alejandro Lopez

on 2 December 2014

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Transcript of Carl Jung's Analytical Psychology

Archetypes

Shadow
Carl Gustav Jung:Analytical Psychology
Presentation By: Alejandro, Georvina, Ramon, Bella, Tammy

Carl Jung
(1875-1961)

Early Career
Jung did not decide to follow in the footsteps of his relatives in religion

Attended University of Basel
Studied both sciences & religions
Obtained M.D from Zurich University

Wrote
“On the Psychology and Pathology of
So-Called occult Phenomena”

Started his research in 1904 and his studies brought him closer to Freud
Freud & Jung shared similar ideas
As Jung developed his own theories and ideas, the duo split

Collective Unconscious

Personal Unconscious
Psyche
Born in Kesswill, Switzerland
Father ; Protestant Pastor
Mother; severely depressed & moody (institutionalized for episodes of depression)
Only surviving child out of four
Jung preferred to be alone with his thoughts (introvert)
An incident as a child caused him to faint often (neurosis)

Your vision will become clear only when you look into your heart. Who looks outside, dreams. Who looks inside, awakens.
- Carl Jung
Repressed, forgotten, or subliminally perceived experiences unique to each individual
A storage of "
complexes
", as most of the repressed experiences remain in the level of personal unconsciousness.
Images, experiences, feelings, memories/infantile memories which did not pass the threshold of consciousness . Can be brought to conscious level with psychotherapy techniques (meditation, dream analysis, active imagination, hypnosis)
Considered as the superficial layer of the unconscious

All elements of the human mind, both
Conscious
and
Unconscious
psychic energy ("libido") with a constant flow between all levels of the psyche
Three components of Jung's psyche
Collective unconscious
Personal unconscious
Conscious
Ego
Complexes
Archetypes
Principles of the psyches dynamic
Principles of opposite
For every good thought, there is a bad thought: key term "libido"
Principles of equivalence
Energy formed by opposition must be equally distributed: key term "complex"
principles of entropy
Where the opposites come together, and the energy decreases: key term "transcendence"
Consciousness
Ego
Responsible for feelings of identity and sense of identity(I, Me, I am)
center of conscious awareness (memories, behaviors, experiences feelings, psychical traits)
mediates perceptions from Inner/Outer world
drives our decision making
drives consciousness with a directional flow of ones "libido"
Psychological types
Attitudes
Short film
Perception&Judgement Functions
Intuitive
“Strictly speaking, there are no Introverts and Extraverts pure and simple, but only Introverted and Extraverted function-types.”C.G. Jung, Psychological Types
Short film
mode of adaptation:
retreat inward
from outer world stimuli, subjective (energy flows toward subject)
mode of adaptation:
turning outward
from outer world stimuli, objective (energy flows toward object)
Sensing
Thinking
Feeling
Methods and Techniques
Structure of a complex
Unconsciousness
Studies the psyche's yearning and process to achieve complete synchronization and harmony of the levels of psyche. The process is referred to as
Individuation or wholeness
(self realization). Total equilibrium of all components of the human psyche
Accounts for the "opposites" within the psyche

Conscious
Unconscious
Anima
Animus
Persona
Shadow
Ego
Self
Exhibited and shared between all beings with a nervous system
"psychic inheritance", innate aspect passed on by ancestors
Influences all experiences and behaviors
A shared pool of experiences as a species, not unique or personal, but rather transpersonal
Responsible for the "Archetypes"
Images or thoughts that have universal meaning
May appear in dreams, literature, religions and art
Symbols from different cultures are often similar They emerge from archetypes
They are part of our primitive past which is the basis of human psyche.
They direct and influence our present behaviors
Five Key archetypes
Ego
Persona
Shadow
Anima/Animus
Self
e.g. I am a man
The collective repressive experiences stored in unconscious

It may be positive, most of the time it is negative/dark

It appears in dreams as person of the same sex, in hallucinations and musings.
indication of one conflicting desires and intentions e.g. HAMLET
First archetype faced when attaining wholeness, to find the opposite light side of "self", one must first face and accept their shadow


Collective Shadow
Repression of values and cultures in the society
Projection is use as manifestation of the shadow
e.g. World Was 2 abuses or religious wars.
each side perceive the other as evil incarnate

Persona
The "mask"
An "ego" function, as it lies between an individuals experiences and the outside world ("society")
It is the image of ourselves that we create for the society.
Includes social roles (student,son/daughter,soldier,friend etc., all of which are interchangeable depending on social settings
Can become problematic when one "identifies" with the persona (their mask) and believe that is the whole story to them
Anima/Animus
It is the masculine and feminine side that exist in each of us
They are Manifested by behaviors and attitudes
It represents our true self, the soul.
It is source of creativity

Dream Analysis
Word Association (test)
Playing Painting Building
Symbol analysis
Q:
Who is the best man for Katniss, Gale or Peeta?
Confrontation
Go underworld
It takes seven or less years
Not easy
The route for self-affirmation
Accept the shadow
" To confront a person with his own shadow is to show him his own light" - Carl G. Jung"
Become homogenous being
Self-realization
Maturity spiritual
God

Mandala
Q
Visual representation of ones SELF or center of wholeness
Criticisms
*Reflective Question*
How does Carl Jung demonstrate the unconscious as an essential part of the human psyche?
Divine Couple
Anima and Animus combined
Represents the wholeness and completion

It brings great power

Found in religious combination ( The Holy Trinity)

In partnership means finding the soul-mate

Stereotypes
Archetypes
Metaphysical essentialism
Scientific values
Cooking breakfast
Planning
Walking
Keep health
Love animals
Social contact
Adjust your behavior

Conscious Behavior
The conscious behavior is you know why you are doing this!

The ideas of Conscious, Unconscious and Collective Unconscious are embedded in our societal concepts.
Discovered the concept of the universal archetype which all humans are driven to follow
The world extrovert, introvert, archetype and Collective Unconscious are his worlds to become common currency in our culture


Legacy
Unconscious Behavior
The unconscious behavior is behavior that you do without knowing your motivation

Pen spinning
Writing the information on you hand during the emerge situation
Screaming at the sight of spider
Prejudice
Mannerisms
Shaking of the leg while setting
Biting you fingers
you can be very creative when you good at to find out the detail of unconscious behavior

Collective Unconscious Behavior
The Collective Unconscious behavior was an inherited collection of knowledge and images that every human being has at birth.

The cooking skill is learned from you mother.
Baby girl always wear pink and boy for blue
Mother child relationship
Single-parent are impact the character of children.

" Everyone carries a shadow,
the less embodied in human conscious' life the darker and denser it is" Carl Jung
Conscious VS. Unconscious Behavior
Full transcript