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Transcript of Environment vocabulary
Environment - the surroundings and external conditions that affect the growth and development of living things.
the study of the relationship of living things (plants, animals and humans) with each other and with their environment
a system of living things that interact with each other and with the physical world.
It can be as small as a tiny pool or as large as a huge desert.
contamination of the air, water, or soil with substances that can cause harm to human health or the environment.
Fuels that are formed in the ground from the remains of dead plants and animals. Fossil fuels are not a renewable resource. Once consumed they are gone forever. When burned, they are a major cause of greenhouse gases and global warming.
The release or discharge into the air of pollutant substances such as gas or smoke is known as emission.
Anything that is unwanted or unused and is thrown away is waste.
A landfill is an area designated to receive household garbage, solid waste and construction debris, also referred to as a garbage dump.
Landfill / dump
Climate change, which is often called global warming, refers to changes
in weather patterns including:
- a rise in global temperatures
- a rise in sea level.
Greenhouse gases are gases that trap the heat of the sun in the earth's atmosphere, producing the greenhouse effect. The result is an increase in the temperature of the earth’s surface. Greenhouse gases include water vapour, CO2, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone.
Cutting down trees, which provide oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide, is seen as a cause of increased greenhouse effect.
Deforestation also entails the destruction of animal habitats.
Capable of being broken down or decomposed by natural biological
processes. The term is used to refer to "environmentally friendly" products. Many chemicals, food scraps, cotton, wool, and paper are bio-degradable; plastics and polyester generally are not.
Brainstorm your ideas
Acid rain is rain mixed with sulfuric, nitric and other acids formed by gases released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned (factory smoke, cars, etc.). Acid rain is considered responsible for damaging forests and crops, and is particularly harmful to fish and other aquatic life in rivers and lakes.
Carbon footprint is a measure of the effect that human activities have on the climate (measured in units of carbon dioxide).
economic development which ensures that the use of resources and the environment today does not compromise the needs of future generations.
Reducing – using less;
Reusing – by reusing materials we can cut down on the amount of rubbish we produce;
Recycling - the process of minimizing waste by recovering materials and transforming
them into new products.
protecting, maintaining or improving natural resources, to keep them safe from destruction or degradation and conserve them for future