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The Thirteen Colonies: New England Colonies

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Karen Stuckmeyer

on 9 January 2016

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Transcript of The Thirteen Colonies: New England Colonies

The Thirteen Colonies: New England Colonies
The Puritans Arrive:
A small group from England arrived in 1628 with a charter from the king of England
They built a village called Salem
This new group did not want to break away from the Church of England.....they just wanted to change some of the practices to "purify the religion"
Conflicts the Settlers of the Colonies Encountered
The Native Americans believed that no one person could own the land.
The English believed that if they claimed an area, the land was theirs.
Religion in New England
Religious beliefs heavily influenced how they spend their free time, how they lived, and how they worked
Everyone attended church on Sunday. Much time was spent praying and reading the Bible
Their churches were simple. They didn't believe in decorating their churches with paintings or statues
Puritans believed in punishing people for not attending church, falling asleep in church, disagreeing with their strict rules
Economy in New England Colonies
FARMING
Many colonists farmed, however, rocky soil and long hard winters made farming difficult
Farmers began to find other ways to work with their habitat. They began to raise animals too.
Step 5
How did geography affect New Englands economy?
How did religion affect the settlement and development of New England?
Massachusetts Bay Colony:
In 1630, John Winthrop led a second group of Puritans and they built their "city upon a hill" south of Salem
They wanted their settlement to be an example of Christion living.
They named their settlement Boston
Most early settlements in New England were built along the Atlantic Coast because it was easy to get supplies from across the ocean
Providence:
Was founded by Roger Williams and his followers
Williams had been expelled from the Boston Colony because of disagreements he had with leaders over things such as the treatement of Native Americans, and the punishment of people who held different beliefs.
Providence was founded on the belief that settlers could follow almost any religion they chose and that there would be cooperation with Native American Groups.
:Connecticut:
Thomas Hooker and his followers founded Hartford in 1636. (south of Massachusetts Bay Colony)
Settlers moved to this region because the soil was better for farming
They also came to the region for religious reasons.
Planned a government in which voters would elect their leaders
New Hampshire:
David Thompson started a fishing settlement north of Massachusetts Bay in 1679.
This settlement was named Portsmouth
Differences in the beliefs between the Native Americans and English led to major conflicts including:
The Pequot War of 1637
King Phillip's War of 1675
Video Segment: King Philip's War (6min)
Video: Growth of the English Colonies 1620-1700
From Massachusetts Bay to the Carolinas (25min)
Other Colonial Industries
Farmers traded or sold their surplus livestock, grain, wool, fruit and wood to merchants in the port cities.
Merchants sold the goods to be exported to England.
Lumbering
Ship-building
Fishing and Whaling
Triangular Trade Route
The trade routes that connected England, the English Colonies, and Africa
Triangular Trade Route Video Clip (3 min.)
The Middle Passage: The Beginning of Slavery in America Video Clip (5min)
Full transcript