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Beauty? Truth? Goodness?:
Transcript of Beauty? Truth? Goodness?:
Are these places near Africa?
Distribution of Power
Desire for Greatness/ Empire
-Socratic Dialogue written in approximately 380 B.C.
Beauty? Truth? Goodness?:
Examining the Ancient World
W/1.28 Interpreting History
Professor Erin Bernard
Moore College of Art and Design
*At the end of the Trojan War, Aeneas sails, meets King Latinas.
*Grandsons Romulus and Remus raised by wolves, battle over power. Credited as sons of Mars.
*Etruscans and nomadic tribes are original citizens of Rome. Construction of tunnels helped drain the swampy land of Rome to permit construction of the city..
*509 B.C. - A republic is formed.
People elect leaders; leaders make decisions. The
republic falls and becomes an empire between 100 B.C. and 27 B.C.
* Patricians, Plebians, and Slave Revolts..
*Patrician-born and military leader Julius Caesar elected consul in 59 B.C. Because of his triumphs in Civil War and conquers abroad (Europe), he is appointed Dictator. On the Ides of March in 44 B.C., he is assassinated by group of men, including Senator Brutus.
*In 27 B.C., Augustus becomes the first Roman Emperor.
GREAT MOMENTS of the ROMAN EMPIRE
*A.D. 64 Great Fire of Rome destroys city, but Emperor Nero rebuilds it. (He kills himself in A.D. 68.)
*A.D. 125 Height of Roman Empire under Emperor Hadrian. He commissions and plans the construction of the Pantheon.
*Earliest signs of civilization in Greece: 8,000 B.C.
*776 B.C. First Olympic Games in honor of Zeus, King of Greek Gods, in Athens.
*Sparta was the other significant city-state of Greece.
the longest standing leader of Athenian democracy, led Greece through the Peloponnesian Wars. He was known for his honesty.
The U.S. has a
-Largest unsupported dome in the world
What is the Socratic method?
How is it useful?
-What is good?
-Why is it unjust for a cobbler to learn the work of a metalworker?
-Explain some of the complexities described in this chapter about the human Soul.
-What are some of the parts? How do they agree with each other? How are they in contention with each other?
-Examine the sketches of your classmates. Please share something you noticed in nearly every sketch.
Then, please share something unique about a classmate's sketch. How do you see Plato's cave here?
-What is the danger of prisoners in the cave believing the shadows of the artifacts are the truth? (515c)
-Let's discuss the process of education in the cave and the metaphor of darkness and lightness. What do you think about the "upward journey of the soul" and the return back into the cave? How is learning more about a truth painful? Is it as hard as Plato describes to turn others to the truth?
-What should the highest guardian in a city be? (Both .... and ....) Why?
-Was Rome a good city? Was Athens a good city? What about slavery in
? In Athens? In Greece?
-What is beauty?
CONSIDER & WRITE
Think about the artifacts in Plato's Cave. How does Fred Wilson deal with historical truth in the objects he uses? Can we consider history museums as Plato's Cave? How? Why?
How do you think
Wilson's concept of
beauty is similar to the
Greeks and Romans? In what ways is his vision different?
*The Empire falls circa 476 A.D. as both the Germanic invasions begin and Christianity rises; feudalism begins. The British Empire rises circa 1200 A.D.
l: bust of Pericles.
GREAT MINDS OF GREECE
included pre-Socratic philosopher Theles, philosophers Aristotle, Plato and Socrates, historian Thucydides, playwright Sophocles, poets Sappho and Homer, scientist Archimedes, mathematician Pythagoras,
Gods and Goddesses
King of the Gods
Queen of the Gods
Goddess of Wisdom
God of War
Goddess of Hunt
Personification of Earth
God of Underworld
Fire & Craft
Travel & Communication
Hearth & Home
God of the Sea
*The society of Ancient Greece was
Free People and Slaves. Athens
was considered a
in that all participating citizens could vote, but to vote, the citizen had to be an adult male.
Other city-states in the Attica-region, especially Sparta, practiced
(rule by the few). The class structure of Greece included aristocrats, middle class, freedmen, and slaves.
* The Trojan War, according to mythology, was waged between Troy and Athens after Paris of Troy took Helen. Homer narrated this story in
Philosophy and Science were
revolutionary in society in which
all things unexplained were attributed to the Gods.
Capitoline Wolf, 5th C. B.C. bronze sculpture, Rome.
from wikipedia on Pericles
from http://www.monolithic.org/domes-more/the-pantheon-rome-126-ad, http://www.accomodationsrome.com/en/Rome_History_Art_The_Pantheon.html, and web search
Values of the Greeks
Values of the Romans
Was there justice in
the Athenian democracy?
Mos Maiorum or "the way of the elders"
Pietas or DUTY (as in Virgil's Aenied)
Respect of the Gods
Does Fred Wilson's use of objects in Mining the Museum include "deep research, intuition, and empathy?"
On Greek Theater
The Gods of Greece and Rome had great gifts in tandem with many human flaws.
*an interactive experience!
Socrates was controversial, supposedly dirty, and sentenced to death for "corrupting the youth" of Athens. Plato was the prized student of Socrates. Plato's works are how we know about Socrates today-- Socrates did not write himself!