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To be or not to be....Libertarian

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Michael Matthiesen

on 21 November 2018

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Transcript of To be or not to be....Libertarian

Two sides of the same coin!
To be or not to be....Libertarian
Likes long walks in the Senate
Keeps in shape by running for President
Favorite hobby is trying to convince America that Libertarianism that next great political philosophy
This is Nancy

Nancy has been courted by a lot of guys who were either Liberal or Realist, and is getting kind of tired of that political dating scene. She's looking to live out of college fantasy and go....libertarian.

Two Sides of Libertarianism
Right vs. Consequentialist
Libertarianism as we know it.....
“a liberal is a man who believes in liberty”
Liberals believes society is constructed in order to enhance the liberty.
Sees government as a tool to enhance liberty.
Present day liberalism is focusing on the conversation of equality in society, and how that enhances liberty.
"Ends justify the means"
Political philosophy that believes in maximizing utility.
Encourages committing to the action that satisfies "the greater good."
Takes a quantitative and reductionist approach to ethics.
considers individual liberty to be the most important political goal, and emphasize individual rights and equality of opportunity
"life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" is one of the best most famous liberal statements.
Liberalism essentially believes in individual liberty, and that situations aren't stagnant, but fluid and are things that could be changed and influenced in order to enhance the liberties of the individual and society.
The Big Tent Philosophy
American Liberalism
American Liberalism is largely a combination of social liberalism, social progressivism, and mixed economy philosophy. It is distinguished from Classic Liberalismand Libertarianism, which also claim freedom as their primary goal, in its insistence upon the inclusion of positive rights (such as education, health care and other services and goods believed to be required for human development and self-actualization) and in a broader definition of equality.
The fault in our political stars...
We've seen the branch philosophies of liberalism emerge as substantial disciplines since the fall of the Berlin Wall.
John Stewart Mills
Jeremy Bentham
Fathers, and Alumni, of a Philosophy
Fun Fact: Both are UCL Alumni
And guess who else
Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is solely determined by its contribution to overall utility in maximizing happiness or pleasure as summed among all people.
The total utility of individuals which is important here, the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
Utility, after which the doctrine is named, is a measure in economics of the relative satisfaction from, or desirability of, the consumption of goods.
Utilitarianism can thus be described as a quantitative and reductionistic approach to Ethics.
The Greater Good
Bentham's Utilitarianism
It has been argued that measuring and comparing happiness among different people is impossible, not only in practice, but even in principle. Defenders argue that the same problem is successfully overcome in everyday life, and that rough estimates are usually sufficient.

Another dilemma of Utilitarianism is that the pleasure of a sadist should have the same importance as the pleasure of an altruist, although proponents have countered that sadists are relatively few and so their effective influence would be minimal, and that the hurt suffered by others would counterbalance any pleasure registered by the sadist. Furthermore, the sadist's pleasure is superficial and temporary, thus it is detrimental to the sadist's long term well-being.
It's A Circular Argument
Is the best way to maximize liberty for government to just get out of the way?
The Suicide Problem.
Should governments have suicide laws?
Should governments have gambling laws?
Should governments have marijuana laws?
If these things make people happy?
Libertarianism includes a broad spectrum of political philosophies, each sharing the common overall priority of minimal government combined with optimum possible individual liberty.
Its goals prioritize freedom highlighted in the Bill of Rights
Libertarians defend the ideal of freedom from the perspective of how little one is constrained by authority, i.e. how much one is allowed to do (negative liberty)
Two Main Forms of Libertarians
Rights Libertarianism
: 1) that: all persons are the absolute owners of their lives, and should be free to do whatever they wish with their own bodies or property, provided they do not infringe on the rights of another to do the same (the Law of Equal Liberty); and 2) that aggression, or the initiation of physical force or the threat of such, against a person or his property, is inherently illegitimate insofar as it impinges on on the equal rights of a person (the Non-Aggression Principle), except in the case of self-defence. This view of "natural rights" derives from the early writings of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
Recognized a limited role of government as a necessary evil.
Consequentialist Libertarianism
(or Libertarian Consequentialism): justify the rights of individuals on pragmatic or consequentialist, as well as moral, grounds (Consequentialism is the moral theory that the consequences of a particular action form the basis for any valid moral judgment about that action). They are less concerned with the Non-Aggression Principle and more concerned with the notion of a society that allows individuals to enjoy political and economic liberty, which they see as the foundation for human happiness and prosperity. They argue that individual liberty leads to economic efficiency and other benefits, and is thus the most effective means of promoting or enhancing social welfare.
Let's Hear from the Experts...
Milton Friedman
Ludwig Von Mises
Let's Practice!
“The purpose of voting is not to express your fidelity to a worldview. It’s not to wave a flag or paint your face in team colors; it’s to produce outcomes,” -Jason Brennan
Their Reasoning
Utilitarianism suggests that the best action is whichever creates the maximum happiness for the greatest number of people—i.e. it’s best to vote with an eye to the political consequences.
“As a citizen, I have a duty to others because it’s not just me and my principles, but everybody,” says LaBossiere
Wearing Libertarian Caps.
To "Bernie or Bust" voters...
What would a right libertarian say?

Consequentalist Libertarian?
I will be out of town...and while I am gone...I want you to decide the result of the date.
Should Nancy go Libertarian?
Write a 1500 word paper (range of 1400-1600).
Identify what type of libertarianism Captain America and Iron Man are.
Identify which hero (Captain America or Iron Man) you identify with.
Use MLA or APA format
Email me a copy (mmatthie@mdc.edu) and turn in a hard copy in Class on October 2nd.
Create a well thought out argument and be ready to present in front of the class
1. 10 Minute PowerPoint/Prezi presentation.

2. 1000 word paper in either MLA or APA format to be presented to the professor.

....This will be a practice for the Final....

Dallas Buyer's Club
V for Vandetta
A Bug's Life
Fight Club
Brave Heart
The Incredibles
The Giver
Full transcript