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Unit 1 WWII
Transcript of Unit 1 WWII
Summative Essay Questions
Causes and Effects of WWII
Unit 1 World War II
Isolationism vs. Interventionist
The War in Europe
The War in the Pacific
What were the causes of WWII and how did they affect the US and the world?
* WWI peace settlement fails
(Treaty of Versailles)
* Economic instability
* Nationalistic Dictators rise in
Europe and Japan
(Hitler, Mussolini, Franco)
* Failure of appeasement
* Germany invades Poland
* Germany invades many European countries
* U.S. passes Neutrality Acts
* Congress boosts defense spending and establishes military draft
* U.S. provides aid to Great Britain and Soviet Union
* Japan, Germany and Italy form Axis Powers
What was Germany's "motive" for the following events:
Battle of Britain
Germany invades Poland
Germany annexes Austria and Sudetenland
WWII begins after invasion of Poland
Germany invades France
Hitler plans expansion.
-Do you have any personal space?
-Describe what you are feeling.
-How many are ready for this to be over?
-How many would mind staying like this for a couple of days or maybe even weeks?
-If the person next to you should expire, where would they go?
-Where might you get food?
-Where might you go to the washroom?
1. Make sure you understand the central question/statement.
2. Listen carefully and wait for mediator to recognize you before speaking.
3. Summarize previous point made before making your own.
4. You may not speak again until three others have spoken.
5. Address the ideas/not the person.
6. Keep and open mind and move to either side or to undecided at anytime.
Philosophical Chairs Topic
Should the US have dropped
the atomic bomb?
Philosophical Chairs Reflection Questions
1. What was the most frustrating part of today’s discussion?
2. What was the most successful part?
3. What statements led you to change your seat or to remain sitting in your original position?
4. What conclusions can you draw about how you form your beliefs based on today’s discussion?
5. What would you change about your participation in today’s activity? Do you wish you had said something that you did not? Did you think about changing seats but didn’t? Explain
*Focus on issues at
home like economy
foreign wars is a mistake
which we learned in WWI
* US should work with other
nations to protect our security
* Axis aggression was wrong
* US should aid Allies, fighting for
* US should pressure Axis to
prepare for war
* Worry about our economy
and protecting US border
* Protect democracy in Middle
* Terrorists are wrong!!!
Maginot Line – Network of fortifications on the French-German frontier built by the French. During World War II, the Germans bypassed the line, attacking through Belgium’s Ardennes Forest and thus rendering the line useless.
Blitzkrieg – German term, meaning “lightning war,” used to describe the German battle tactic in World War II of using massive numbers of airplanes and mechanized forces in sudden assaults on opposing forces.
Franklin D. Roosevelt – President of the
during World War II.
Winston Churchill – Prime Minister of
during World War II.
Joseph Stalin – Leader of the
during World War II. He used the “scorched earth” policy to help save the Soviet Union.
June, 1941 – Hitler invaded the Soviet Union. 3.5 million Soviets were killed or captured.
D-Day – June 6, 1944 – The invasion of Europe by the Allies. They were led by General D. Eisenhower. Attacked 5 on beaches on the French coast. It was the largest amphibious operation in history. There were over 11,000 casualties. (Also known as the Normandy Invasion.)
Yalta Conference – February, 1945 – Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met in Yalta to restate the Allied powers determination to receive only unconditional surrender in Germany. They also made plans for the United Nations and the postwar reorganization of Europe.
Battle for Peleliu Airfield
1 sent summary
December 7, 1941 – Japan bombed Pearl Harbor causing the United States to enter the war.
Battle of Midway – June, 1942 – U.S. naval victory over the Japanese, which was a turning point for the U. S. in the Pacific War. The Japanese suffered heavy losses of men and equipment.
End of War Timeline Notes
Dates to remember:
V-E Day May 8, 1945 – Germany surrendered:
August 6, 1945 – the Atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima
August 9, 1945 – the Atomic bomb was dropped on
V-J Day August 10, 1945 – Japan surrendered:
1945 Timeline (5 Months to end a war)
May 1 Admiral Doenitz takes command in Germany; suicide of Hitler announced.
May 2 Berlin falls.
May 7 Germany signs unconditional surrender terms at Rheims.
May 8 Allies declare V-E Day.
July 17 – Aug. 2 Potsdam Conference—Truman, Churchill, and Stalin which establishes council of foreign ministers to prepare peace treaties; plan German postwar government and reparations.
Aug. 6 A-bomb dropped on Hiroshima by U.S.
Aug. 8 U.S.S.R. declares war on Japan.
Aug. 9 Nagasaki hit by A-bomb.
Aug. 14 Japan agrees to surrender.
Sept. 2 V-J Day—Japanese sign surrender terms aboard battleship Missouri.
Truman tells Stalin...
Based on what you read, do you believe that Stalin knew that Truman was telling him about the atomic bomb? Why is this significant?
Effect of WWII
on Minority Groups
The need for heavy industry during the war led women outside their traditional realm of work.
Rosie the Riveter created a new image of the image of women.
It inspired a new confidence American women.
It also changed the view of day care, US govt spent $50 million on it during WWII
Many African Americans began the process of fighting for civil rights.
Executive Order 8802 assured fair hiring practices for any job funded with government
Led to growth of civil rights organizations like NAACP and Congress of Racial Equality.
Executive Order 9066 passed in Feb 1942 designated certain areas as war zones where anyone could be removed for any reason.
By the end of summer 1942, 100,00 Japanese Americans on the West Coast were forced to sell all their property and were removed to internment camps inland.
In 1943, many Nisei or native born American citizens of Japanese descent enlisted in the military.
The 442nd Reg fought in Italy and became the most decorated military unit in American history.
Public Law 78 or the bracero program was a partnership between the US and Mexico to bring laborers to work on American farms.
This migration into the Southwest US contributed greatly to the war effort and agricultural production.
It also initiated decades of migratory labor into the Western US.
1.How did the Treaty of Versailles, isolationism and the Great Depression contribute to the start of World War II?
2.What were the arguments for and against the use of the atomic bomb?
3.How did World War II change life in America?
Theory of government where a single party or ruler controls the economic, social and cultural lives of the people.
Hitler believed in totalitarianism in Germany.
Ch 10/11 VOC
For each term on the right
please do each of the following:
1. Write the definition
2. Use the term in a sentence
3. Write a question using the
Neutrality Act of 1939
What did the government hope the audience of this poster would do?
Look at the map on pg. 33 in text or click link below and think about the following
What motive was there for Germany to expand its borders into Austria and Czechoslovakia?
a reason for doing something, especially one that is hidden or not obvious.
Is a person's motive
always have to
do with something
The killer's motive
was money and
Camp Discovery Band of Brothers
The Allied Powers!!!!!