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Chapter 4 Sex and Social Dance
Transcript of Chapter 4 Sex and Social Dance
How are these behaviors shown in dance?
Is this important? Why? Chapter 4 What is the overall effect of these gender specific movements?
Do gender specific behavioral norms take away from our freedom? Who taught you how to "social dance"? Name some forms of social dancing. Where do "social dances" take place? If social dance can be about courting, relationships, and sexuality, where is the eroticism of ballroom dance? “ In a 1588 dance manual called Orchesographie, Thoinot Arbeau (an anagram for Jehan Tabourot, a Catholic Priest) instructed readers who wished to make a good impression in the best ballrooms: ‘Spit and blow your nose sparingly…use a fair white handkerchief… Be suitably and neatly dressed, your hose well secured and your shoes clean…And if you desire to marry you must realize that a mistress is won by the good temper and grace displayed by dancing…And there is more to it than this, for dancing is practiced to reveal whether lovers are in good health and sound of limb, after which they are permitted to kiss their mistress in order that they may touch and savor one another, thus to ascertain if they are shapely or emit an unpleasant odor as of bad meat’” Different Societies, Different Dances Cook Islands History: Named the Cook Islands between 1773 and 1777 after Captain James Cook made 3 separate trips during those years. Soon Christian missionaries came and put pressure on the society to assimilate to their beliefs. Dance Uses: Love and War Morocco and Northern Africa Diversity:
Immigrants from the Middle East brought Islam
Descendants of the indigenous Berbers (adopted Islamic and Arab languages)
Remnants of a Jewish society
A large French population
Spaniards and other Europeans Gender Separation
In most Islamic countries, including Morocco, men and women dance separately. This is based from the teachings of the Koran that encourages women not to display themselves before men other than blood relations
Islam has insisted on a strict separation of the sexes because in essence, women were considered dangerous to the social order because men were thought to be vulnerable to female charms. Male vs Female Dancing
Men dance publicly only in the presence of other men. Using swords, rifles, and other instruments of war the show their prowess and power. This dance is used to show the ability of a man to be a protector and provider for his family.
Women dance publicly only in the presence of other women. These dances consist primarily of shimmying the torso while moving the hips in circular motion. This style of dance later was named "belly dancing" by misunderstood English translations. This dance is used to demonstrate the ability to fulfill the role of wife and mother.
At weddings an unmarried young woman may perform this dance before a group of selected guests, including prospective suitors and their mothers who are on the look-out for future daughter-in-laws. Dance Today
Western dance has grown in popularity.
The opening of clubs
Women are escorted by men although they may not dance with them
Educated women have given pressure for a change in the relations between the sexes.
“One third of all university-level teachers and scholars in Arab countries, including the Gulf states, are women. For many of these women, dance has become a symbol of personal liberation; a woman who dances (even in the traditional manner) at a mixed gathering like a wedding or a large party is declaring her opposition to age-old constraints on social interactions.” Western World Middle Ages
Based around extended family
Partnered dancing looked down upon
Christianity factored into how people danced Drastic Changes in Dance and Society:
The Nuclear Family became more prominent
Couples dancing became the standard Crusades
All able men left to fight
Women became more independent (ie WWII)
Men that were left became Bards and began to seduce women. Men return after seeing the dancing girls of northern Africa and try to implement it in Western society
Bards change the social view of women “The beloved was in no way subordinate to her lover. She was seen as a highly esteemed individual in her own right, worthy of being pursued, worthy of being adored by men of the highest social rank, worthy of assuming a new role as partner to a man on the dance floors of Europe.” Social Dancing Today “At the beginning of the 1960’s couples around the world separated and began dancing as individuals to rock-and-roll music, they were choosing a third option that spoke directly to the social issues of the time: if no one leads, no one has to follow. " Much has been stated in this chapter in regards to the effect of the early Christian Missionaries on culture and society in the South Pacific. What is your opinion on that? Should one group decide what is appropriate for another group? (i.e. The Giver)
What would an early Christian Missionary say about how you dance now?
How does social dancing reflect traditional views of the roles of men and women?
Which changes first, dance or society?
How does dancing provide an outlet for individual expression and yet also create a sense of community?