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Pacific Northwest indians
Transcript of Pacific Northwest indians
CREATED BY: Diego & Oscar
TEAM: Oscar & Diego
These people were indigenous to Canada. Smallpox was a disease that wiped out a couple of the groups. They were the first people to come in contact with Europeans. The compettion between Spain and the United Kingdom over the control of Nottka Sound led to a little international dispute.
The Gitxsan or Gitksan, meaning "people of the Skeena River", were known with the Nisga'a as Interior Tsimshian. They speak a closely related language to Nisga'a, though both are related to Coast Tsimshian. This is the English term for Tsimshian spoken on the coast. Although inland, their culture is part of the Northwest Coast culture area, and they share many common characteristics, including the clan system, an advanced art style, and war canoes.
They are the furthest north of the Coast Salish cultures. Linguists have classified them as independent of both Interior and Coast Salish language groups. Their language is a Salishan language, very different from that of their coastal neighbours. It is believed to have been more related to Interior Salish, in a historical connection before the Athapaskan-speaking groups now inland from them spread southwards.
Even MORE Tribes
are an indigenous nation living at Kitamaat in the North Coast region of the Canadian province of British Columbia. The name Haisla is derived from the Haisla word iving at the rivermouth, living downriver.
Together with the Heiltsuk and Haisla, they were once incorrectly known as the Northern Kwakiutl because of their language's close relationship with Kwak'wala. Greatly reduced in numbers today, like other coastal peoples they were master carvers and painters. They had an elaborate ritual and clan system. The focus of their territory was Owikeno Lake, a freshwater fjord above a short stretch of river at the head of Rivers Inlet.
are an indigenous nation of the Central Coast region of the Canadian province of British Columbia, centred on the island communities of Bella Bella and Klemtu. The Heiltsuk are the descendants of a number of tribal groups who came together in Bella Bella in the 19th century.
They are noted as whalers. Their territory is around the northwest tip of the Olympic Peninsula.
Even more Tribes
The Willapa were an Athapaskan-speaking people in southwestern Washington. Their territory was between Willapa Bay (named after them) and the prairie lands around the head of the Chehalis and Cowlitz Rivers.
The Chinook were once one of the most powerful and populous tribes on the southern part of the Northwest Coast. Their territories flanked the mouth of the Columbia River and stretched up that river in a narrow band adjacent to that river. Their language is known as Chinookan.
The Chimakum people were a Chimakuan-speaking people whose traditional territory lay in the area of Port Townsend, Washington. Beset by warfare from surrounding Salish peoples, their last major presence in the region was eradicated by the Suquamish under Chief Seattle in the mid-19th century.
The Tsimshian translated as "People Inside the Skeena River," are indigenous people who live around Terrace and Prince Rupert on the North Coast of British Columbia, and the southernmost corner of Alaska on Annette Island. There are about 10,000 Tsimshian, of which about 1,300 live in Alaska. Along with many other indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest Coast, they have a hierarchical society.
Largest of the southern groups. They are a loose grouping of many tribes with numerous distinct cultures and languages. Territory claimed by Coast Salish peoples spans from the northern limit of the Gulf of Georgia on the inside of Vancouver Island and covering most of southern Vancouver Island,
Skilled Crafstmen, Lived in a cedar forest that is 14,000 years old.
A culture that has a very modern hunter gives to peasants(tax)culture. Tingit means human being in there language.
Lived at the mouth of the Portland canal, died due to raiding and disease.
Live in Nass River which is in British Columbia. Complex culture wich is devided into Four clans raven, killer whale, wolf and eagle.
1.13 Coast Salish
Pacific Northwest Indians
These people are indigenous to British Columbia. There people numbered at 5,500 people. There language is Kwakwala