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German Grammar

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by

Jennifer Jeganathan

on 4 February 2013

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Transcript of German Grammar

German Grammar The form where you talk about what has happened. Past Tense This is the form where you are talking about what is happening at the present time Present Tense This is the form where you talk about what is going to happen. Future Tense Perfect tense A completed action in the past and uses an auxiliary verb and a past participle. Auxiliary verb: Haben and Sein

HABEN

ich habe

du hast

er hat

wir haben

ihr habt

Sie / sie haben
SEIN

ich bin

du bist

er ist

wir sind

ihr seid

Sie / sie sind Most verbs need a ge- infront of the verb. If it is a seperable verb you put the ge inbetween the two parts of the verb. e.g fernsehen becomes ferngesehen. There are exceptions for some verbs Imperfect tense

Pronoun

Imperfect

Meaning




ich /er/sie/es/man

war

I/he/she/it/one was



du

warst

You were (singular, informal)



wir/sie

waren

We/they were



ihr

wart

You (plural) were

Pronoun

Imperfect

Meaning




ich /er/sie/es/man

hatte

I/he/she/it/one had



du

hattest

You had(singular, informal)



wir/sie

hatten

We/they had



ihr

hattet

You (plural) had Example:
Als ich klein war, hatte ich braune Haare Modal verb endings

Pronoun

Ending




ich/er/sie/es

e



du

est



wir/sie

en



ihr

et Verb Endings

ich

kochte

I cooked


du

kochtest

You cooked (singular, informal)


er/sie/es/man

kochte

He/she/it/one cooked


wir/sie

kochten

We/they cooked


ihr

kochtet

You (plural) cooked


wir/sie

kochten

We/they cooked Pluperfect tense Used to say what you have done in the past

Pronoun

Haben (imperfect form)




ich

hatte



du

hattest



er/sie/es/man

hatte



wir

hatten



ihr

hattet



sie/Sie

hatten

Pronoun

Sein (imperfect form)




ich

war



du

warst



er/sie/es/man

war



wir

waren



ihr

wart



sie/Sie

waren Same word order as present tense
Example:
Mein Bruder ist krank geworden, weil er keine Vitamine gegessen hatte.
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