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Transcript of Jack London
In 1900 he married Elizabeth "Bessie" Maddern.
They had two daughters, Joan and Bess.
They divorced in 1905, and soon after, London married Charmian Kittredge. The Later Years The Young Writer The Yukon John Griffith Chaney, better known as Jack London, was born on January 12, 1876, in San Francisco, California.
Jack was the son of Flora Wellman and William Chaney, a lawyer, journalist, and leader in the field of American astrology.
Since at this time Flora was sick, Jack was raised as an infant by Virginia Prentiss. Birth and Childhood Teenage Years Family Life Jack's father was never really involved in his life, and his mother married John London in late 1876.
Their family moved around the San Francisco Bay area until settling in Oakland in 1879.
His family was working-class. As a boy, John began to go by Jack.
He worked at many different hard jobs.
In his spare time, Jack spent time at libraries, reading novels and travel books. He chose to become a writer to escape the horrific prospects of life as a factory worker.
He studied the works of other writers and began to submit stories, poems, and even jokes to various publications.
In 1893, Jack went on a voyage, where a typhoon had nearly killed him and his crew. When he returned home, he told his mother the story of what had happened.
His mother then urged him to write down his story and enter it in a writing contest. Around age 22, London headed towards Canada, seeking fortune in the gold rush of the Yukon.
He was not able to put together much of a living.
He soon returned to California, but his experience in the Yukon gave him many stories to tell. Works Cited http://www.biography.com/people/jack-london-9385499?page=1
http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/j/jack_london.html Education Jack attended grade school in Alameda in 1882.
He briefly attended Cole Grammar School in 1891.
He attended Oakland High School when he was 19.
He briefly enrolled at the University of California at Berkeley. The Young Writer cont. Jack won the $25 first prize in the contest, beating college students from Berkeley and Stanford.
This contest was an eye-opening experience for London.
He then decided to spend his life writing short stories.
Jack, however, had trouble finding a publisher. Novels 1902--The Call of the Wild
1903--The Sea Wolf
1907--Martin Eden Themes in London's Writings Survival of the Fittest Man vs. Environment Naturalism Jack London Short Stories Jack London wrote many short stories throughout his life, some include:
1893--"Story of a Typhoon off the Coast of Japan"
1907--"To Build a Fire" His Death Although many consider London's death to be suicide, it was an accident.
London died on November 22, 1916.
While his death certificate says that he died of uremia, it is believed that his death was brought about by an accidental overdose of morphine.
At the time of his death, he was also suffering from dysentery and alcoholism. London's ashes were buried with Charmian's, who died in 1955, in Jack London State Historic Park, in Glen Ellen, California on November 26, 1916.
His grave is marked with a mossy boulder. Burial "To Build a Fire" Based off of London's experience in the Yukon, it highlights the conflict between man and his environment.
London's most famous short story.
This story describes a man's struggle to stay warm and alive in the brutal weather conditions of the Yukon.
Quotes "You can't wait for inspiration. You have to go after it with a club."
"A bone to the dog is not charity. Charity is the bone shared with the dog, when you are just as hungry as the dog."
"Life is not a matter of holding good cards, but sometimes, playing a poor hand well."
--Jack London Working Boy Jack London had many jobs thorughout his life:
worked on an ice wagon
worked in a bowling alley
worked in a cannery
was an oyster pirate
member of the Fish Patrol
worked in a jute mill
worked doing laundry
shoveled coal for an electric railway power plant
worked as a roustabout
worked as a janitor
sailed on the Umatilla
renown author, journalist, world traveler, and correspondent
self-made millionaire by time of death