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Biology ABC Book

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Georgia Patrick

on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Biology ABC Book

ABC Book An organic molecule containing a carboxyl group and an amino group; serves as the monomer of proteins A is for Amino Acids A substance that decreases the Hydrogen ion concentration in a solution B is for Base A structural polysaccharide of plant cells walls composed of glucose monomers. Cellulose monomers are linked into cable-like fibrils C is for Cellulose A chemical reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to each other with the removal of a water molecule. D is for Dehydration Reaction A marmolecule, usually a protein, that serves as a biological catalyst, changing the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed by the reaction E is for Enzymes F is for Fructose An extremely branched glucose storage polysaccharide found in liver and muscle cells; the animal equivalent of starch G is for Glycogen A type of weak chemical bond formed when the partially positive hydrogen atom participating in a polar covalent bond in one molecule is attracted to the partially negative atom participating in a polar covalent bond in another molecule H is for Hydrogen Bond Organic compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures and, therefore, different properties I is for Isomers A compound that have a functional group of carboxyl, which brings two groups of atoms together K is for Ketone Has a definite volume, but no fixed shape, so its free moving. Liquids particles are less compact, making it easy for them to move.
An example of liquid matter is water L is for Liquid Matter The simplest carbohydrate; a simple sugar with a molecular formula that is generally some multiple of CH2o. Monosaccharides are the monomers of disaccharides and polysaccharides M is for Monosaccharides A covalent bond in which electrons are shared equally between two atoms of similar electronegativity N is for Nonpolar Covalent Bond A chemical compound containing the element carbon and usually the element hydrogen O is for Organic Compounds A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar monomers linked together by covalent bonds P is for Polymers The fourth level of protein structure; the shape resulting from the association of two or more polypeptide subunits.
It's formed by beta pleats and alpha helix's in the chain. Q is for Quaternary Structure A starting material in a chemical reaction R is for Reactant A type of lipid whose carbon skeleton is in the form of four fused rings with various chemical groups attached. Examples are cholesterol, testosterone, and estrogen S is for Steroid Nessicary for the human body to function, but only in small doses. Examples of Trace Elements are Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sulfur, Sodium, Chlorine and Magnesium T is for Trace Elements A fatty acid that has one or more double bonds between carbons in the hydrocarbon tail and thus lacks the maximum number of hydrogen atoms. Its not a solid at room temperature, U is for Unsaturated fatty acid The outermost shell of an atom containing Valence Electrons.
Carbon is an important element to life, becaue it has 4 valence electrons so it can bond with other elements V is for Valence Shells A clear, colorless, tasteless, liquid also known as H2O. Life depends on water to survive. W is for Water Xenon is the 54th element on the periodic table. It has a mass of 131.29 amu. Its a noble gas, and occurs in earths atmosphere. X is for Y is for Yttrium Z is for By Georgia Patrick
October 25, 2012
Biology Examples of Amino Acids are commonly
found in fish, poultry, eggs and milk Bases are different substances varying
from blood to baking soda to egg whites Cellulose occurs when
forming plant cell walls Enzymes are found in your stomach, and speed up the digestion of food. Enzymes are commonly found in yogurt A monosaccharide, or single sugar
that's in fruits and honey The formula is C6H12O6 Examples are H2+O-->H2O
Hydrogen and Oxygen
are your reactants Fluoride was added to toothpaste due to a deficiency in people Olive, Corn and Vegetable
oils are Unsaturated Fats The blue dots are carbons valence electrons Yttrium is the 39 element on the periodic table. Its mass is 88.91 amu
and it's a silvery metal ZIrconium is number 40 on the periodic table, and has a mass of 91.22 amu. It's a strong transition metal and resembles titanium. Z is for Zirconium
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