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Discipline-Based Art Education (DBAE)
Transcript of Discipline-Based Art Education (DBAE)
By Jeannie Williams and Ally Bowe
What is being taught?
The 4 disciplines: Production, History, criticism, and aesthetics
It merges the disciplines instead of teaching concepts from each discipline separately.
Where is DBAE used?
Originally DBAE was created for art education in grades K-12, but it has also been instated at other levels of institution.
It exists in many forms to meet the needs of the community in which it is taught. Examples of variation:featuring settings such as art museums or community centers and the original artworks they collect or display; integrating the arts with other subject areas; and pursuing newer technologies.
Some History Beforehand
Before DBAE, there was no real "standard" for teaching or learning art. Different places taught differently.
Manuel Barkan was the one who originally created the 4 disciplines, and without his work, there would be no DBAE.
Who is it for?
The examination and discussion of style.
Formal principals of design
Elements of art(color, line, perspective, texture, and shading)
Acquire the knowledge, skills, and abilities to talk about works of art.
By evaluating master artists' works, students develop an awareness of and appreciation for the presence of art.
The making of art, and the various components of making art.
Such as use of tools, manipulation of media, form, and expression.
Gives students the opportunity to create works of art and use various media and techniques.
What is it?
It was found in 1982 by the J.Paul Getty Trust, which is also known as Gettysburg Institution for the arts.
It is a comprehensive approach, not a specific curriculum, to art education that takes advantage of art’s special power to educate.
Promotes education across 4 disciplines within the arts.
Retains a strong tie to studio instruction with emphasis on technique.
Works of art provide a unique documentation of cultural changes throughout history.
Provides valuable insights and information about the present.
To help students learn about art from various periods, styles, and cultural groups.
To help students learn diversity and have a global understanding of the world.
The philosophy of art.
Students engage their brains, think about what they are doing, learning and feeling about their art and the art of others.
Studying art through aesthetic questioning, the answer is not important.
The act of working through the puzzle provided by the question is extremely important.
Students learn to value the works of art as they explore, theorize and apply the principles of aesthetics and art criticism to their own artwork and the artwork of others.
Learner: Every student, not just the ones with talent for art
Teacher: A certified teacher
Content: Art production, art criticism, art history, and aesthetics
Context: Public schools, Ideally grades k-12, but is used in a variety of environments.
The 1st 10 Years
What happened to it?
To make arts education more parallel to other academic disciplines
To create a standardized framework for evaluation
To develop student abilities to understand and appreciate art, including a knowledge of the theories and contexts of art and abilities to respond to as well as create art.
Art is taught as an essential component of general education and as a foundation for specialized art study.
For district levels: They created a 3-week training program for district leaderships, composed of a principal and at least 2 teachers from each of
For certain school: They included a 2 week training program for school leadership teams made up of a principal and 2 teachers from that school.
The effort ended up reaching thousands of teachers and administers in 217 school districts representing 1.5 million students
With a change in leadership in the late 1990’s, the Getty Trust closed its center for arts education and shifted priorities. Meanwhile, the national standards movement was well underway with the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, reflecting a more comprehensive approach to arts education as the goals for all students.
DBAE has the belief that all students can create art, therefore Art Education is taught for all Students, not just those who demonstrate talents in making art.