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Thomas Woodrow Wilson

Global history Presentation

Kevin Clark

on 20 April 2010

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Transcript of Thomas Woodrow Wilson

Thomas Woodrow Wilson He was born December 28, 1856 in Staunton, Virginia Scholar, Politician, and Statesman 28th President Democrat “Mr. Lincoln had been elected and there was to be a war” Education His father Joseph Ruggles Wilson was a minister of the First Presbyterian Church, and his mother Jessie Woodrow the daughter of a Presbyterian minister. Very studious young boy and very familiar with the Bible Spent one year at Davison College
Studied for three years at College of New Jersey
(Princeton University)-Graduated in 1879
Went to Law school at University of Virginia
In 1883 He attended John Hopkins,
receiving his PhD after 3 years
1867-He Suffered from dyslexia at the age of 10 and still couldn't read Woodrow Wilson enjoyed debating more that his law classes 1883-Wilson meets Ellen Axson and becomes
engaged to her later that year 1879- He confesses that he was "most terribly bored by the noble study of law" 1882-Wilson opens a law practice with Edward Renick in Atlanta,
but discontinues their partnership the following year,
determined to follow his ambitions in politics and government. June 24,1885-Wilson marries Ellen Axson in
Savannah, Georgia Ellen Louise Axson His doctorial dissertation was on the practical working of the U.S. Congress made him perfect for presidency Taught at:
1885-Bryn Mawr College-3 years
1888-Wesleyan College – 2 years
1890-Princeton University-jurisprudence and political economy

President Of Princeton University from 1902-1910
August 6, 1914-Wilson’s wife, Ellen Axson Wilson, dies of
Bright’s disease, a kidney disorder. Wilson was devastated Career before becoming public official 1906-Wilson wakes up one morning with
loss of vision in one eye because of high blood pressure.
Doctors advise him to retire and lead a quiet life Wilson won the presidential election of 1912 William Howard Taft and Theodore Roosevelt split the Republican vote Children:
Margaret Woodrow (1886-1944)
Jessie Woodrow (1887-1933)
Eleanor Randolph (1889-1967)

Wilson’s Legacy

“The legislation enacted during his administration and the precedents he established as President have left a lasting imprint upon the structure and functioning of our government; and because of his leadership during World War I and his advocacy of the League of Nations he is recognized as one of the most influential personages of this century.”
1913 Under the Wilson administration, several major reform laws are passed, including the Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act, the Federal Reserve Act, and legislation establishing income taxes.
1913 The Wilson administration begins government-wide segregation of workplaces, restrooms and lunchrooms.
1914 August 6: Wilson’s wife, Ellen Axson Wilson, dies of Bright’s Disease, a kidney disorder. Wilson is devastated.
The Wilson administration continues to pass major reforms, including the establishment of the Federal Trade Commission and the Clayton Antitrust Act.
William Monroe Trotter is ordered out of the White House when he protests to President Wilson the segregation of African American federal employees in the workplace.
1915 May 7: A German U-boat sinks the passenger ship Lusitania, killing 1,198 passengers and crew members, including 128 Americans.
1916 Wilson orders American troops to pursue Mexican guerrillas who raid U.S. territory. General John J. Pershing fails to capture rebel leader Pancho Villa.
Wilson is re-elected president over Republican candidate Charles Evans Hughes.
“What we demand in this war, therefore, is nothing peculiar to ourselves. It is that the world be made fit and safe to live in; and particularly that it be made safe for every peace-loving nation which, like our own, wishes to live its own life, determine its own institutions, be assured of justice and fair dealing by the other peoples of the world as against force and selfish aggression.”
1917 January: British intelligence intercepts the Zimmermann Telegram announcing German plans for unrestricted submarine warfare and an alliance with Mexico should the U.S. enter World War I.
Wilson seeks “Peace Without Victory”, but after Germany institutes unrestricted submarine warfare in the Atlantic, Wilson signs a proclamation of war against Germany. America mobilizes for war.
Members of the Woman’s Party, known as the Silent Sentinels, picket the White House to publicize the suffrage cause.
1918 January 8: In his Fourteen Points speech, Wilson puts forth his vision for a new world order, including the establishment of an organization to settle future conflicts between nations.
March 11: A soldier at Fort Riley, Kansas, reports to the infirmary complaining of fever, sore throat, and headache. His illness is one of the first in the flu epidemic that will kill more than 600,000 Americans in just eight months -- and travel to Europe with American “doughboys.”
May 16: Congress passes the Sedition and Espionage Acts. In violation of these acts, Eugene Debs is charged with making an anti-war speech in Canton, Ohio.

November 11: World War I ends when Germany signs an armistice with the Allies. Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates.

1919 June 28: After months of negotiations in Paris, the Treaty of Versailles is signed. While the treaty no longer includes most of Wilson’s Fourteen Points, his plan for the League of Nations remains intact.
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge leads the fight against the League of Nations. Wilson suffers a stroke while campaigning across the nation to gain public support for the treaty and its provision of the League The president is seriously incapacitated, and his wife Edith, along with his doctor, keep his condition secret. Edith begins to control access to Wilson, determining which governmental matters receive his limited attention.
1920 August 18: The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, is ratified.
Wilson receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
The League of Nations meets for the first time in Geneva. The Senate’s rejection of the Treaty of Versailles, however, means the League meets without the United States as a member nation.
1921: presidency ends.
Presidency Why He is important His ability to guide and mobilize public sentiment, he had a great realization of the power of public opinion
He Lived in retirement for last 3 years of his life Died February 3, 1924: After suffering a collapse, Wilson dies at his home. Thousands line the streets of Washington, D.C., as the funeral procession passes. Wilson is buried at Washington’s National Cathedral. Broken:
Threw out the unspoken rule that no one should be seated while the president is standing.
Broke the precedent of private conference set by Lincoln.
Broke the precedent that the president should never leave the country.
Precedents Set:
Revived precedent of addressing Congress directly, rather than by dispatch. Precedent set by Washington and Adams, but immediately broken by Jefferson.
Treaty of Versailles Forced Germany to accept effectively total surrender.
Peace treaty centered around the formation of a League of Nations.
Treaty took much longer than intended to work out because of Britain’s, England’s, and Italy’s personal territorial interests.
Wilson wanted to lower the reparations owed by Germany, but was ignored.
Treaty was eventually signed on June 28 1919, and included most of the ideals in Wilson’s 14 points.
League of Nations An assembly of different World powers created by the Treaty of Versailles, dedicated to maintaining peace in Europe.
Predecessor to the UN.
Set up almost completely by Wilson.
The US never ended up joining, after a 36 week battle between Wilson and the Senate.
Introduction Kevin Clark, Eva Dodge, Andrew Potter Life before Presidency
Career before becoming president
14 points
Treaty of Versailles
League of Nations

Work Cited
Ions, Edmund S. (1972). Woodrow Wilson: The Politics of Peace and War. Great Britain: Purnell &Sons Ltd Paulton Somerset
Joseph Daniels. (1924). The Life of Woodrow Wilson. Westport Connecticut: Greenwood Press, Publishers
Address of President Wilson at Independence Hall, Philadelphia, PA., July 4, 1914

Woodrow Wilson became the Governer of New Jersey from 1911-1913
George M. Harvey (editor of the influential Harper’s Weekly) “I am sometimes very much interested when I see gentlemen supposing that popularity is the way to success in America. The way to success in this great country, with its fair judgments, is to show that you are not afraid of anybody except God and his final verdict.”
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