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Historical Context of "Animal Farm"
Transcript of Historical Context of "Animal Farm"
At the end of 19th century, wealth and power became concentrated in the hands of Czars, causing revolts led by small educated classes. The Start In 1917, the Russian Revolution sparked by the ideas of Marx and resulted in the overthrow of Czar Nicolas II, and his government. Rebels were influenced by the ideas of Karl Marx. He believed everyone should contribute to the common good, and recieve fair share. (socialism) Proletariat: working class exploited by ruling class "Classless Society"
In 1920, the attempt to create a Marxist society began George Orwell In 1942, Orwell wrote "Animal Farm"
He was disillusioned by the Soviet Communism at the time. "For the past ten years, I have been convinced that the destruction of the Soviet myth was essential if we wanted a revival of the Socialist movement" Stalin and Russian communists betrayed the revolution and new ideas. His disappointment is expressed by his satire of the events of the Russian Revolution and years following it through his allegorical characters on a farm (1917-1943) Orwell thought these socialist ideas threatened the will of those in power who thrive on total control over people (despite socialist propaganda)
Even though Orwell wanted to portray the Russian Revolution, he also wanted to illustrate the betrayal of their original ideas by those who rose to power.