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The Great Gatsby
Transcript of The Great Gatsby
The Roaring 20's
The Electric Boom
In the 20's for the first time people began to use basic electronics.
& George Wilson
The electric vacuum was one of many creations made to make cleaning easy.
When the electric vacuum was made the standards for what was clean and what wasn't went up. People spent more time cleaning because they were expected to have a freshly vacuumed house everyday instead of every week.
But now things have changed again and we are thankful for this invention.
Radios and Phonographs
The invention of the radio and of the phonograph people were able to access their entertainment more easily, much like today's internet.
Phonographs allowed people to listen to music while radios let people listen to their favorite radio broadcasted shows.
In The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby throws lavish parties trying to get Daisy, the women he loves, to come to one.
Gatsby's parties are described as big and bold with music that could be heard from down the block. They both had a huge effect on society, which brings us to our next topic.
The Jazz Age
By: Isabel Wilson
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These are some
of the inventions
made in the 20's
Henry Ford made cars during the 20's. He became popular because he invented the assembly line.
According to Digitalhistory.uh.edu In 1912 it took 12 1/2 hours to make one car, in 1914 it took 1 1/2. Because of this production cost less and the price of cars became cheaper so more people could afford them.
An average of 30,000 traffic deaths occurred every year.
$2 billion dollars to build roads.
In The Great Gatsby George Wilson owns a car dealership. Ironically his wife, Myrtle, dies by getting hit by a car.
George thinks Gatsby was driving the car, while in truth Daisy was.
George also thinks Gatsby was sleeping with his wife but it was acutally Daisy's Husband Tom who had the affair with Myrtle.
George Shoots Gatsby at the end of the book.
Fun Fact: 1/5 of americans owned cars,
1/37 english people owned cars, and 1/40
french people owned cars in 1929.
The 1920's are often called the jazz age.
There was a new break through in music jazz, blues, and "hillbilly" music became popular genres in the 20's.
For many people Jazz symbolized carelessness, recklessness, and a new kind of freedom.
"Traditionalists", those who believed in the values of the victorian age, were offended, young people wanted more modern things and ideals.
in the 20's
African americans artists such as Duke Ellington (who sang "it don't mean a thing") and Ella Fitzgerald became popular.
"Amos n' Andy" was a popular radio show during this time but the show spread racial stereotypes to african americans, as well as Jewish people and Italian gangsters.
In Harlem, New York The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that was all about african american culture. It was a sort of celebration because the young african american people were the first of their generation not born into slavery.
Women started the feminist movement to try and get women the right to vote.
In 1920 they succeeded when the 19th amendment was added and women could gained the ability to vote.
Many women challenged them by changing their fashion. Women began to wear skirts that went above the knee for the first time, they also cut their hair shorter to have hair cuts similar to men.
These women were called flappers.
In the Great Gatsby Daisy and her friend Jordan are considered flappers.
Watching baseball became a popular past time for many people.
Players like Babe Ruth and Ray Chapman were some of the famous baseball players of this era.
The cinema also became popular. Watching silent films became a part of life in the 1920's.
Moral Values 1
With mass production it was easy to create new things.
Possessions became a symbol of status.
According to Dictionary.reference.com Materialism is the "preoccupation with or emphasis on material objects, comforts, and considerations, with a disinterest in or rejection of spiritual, intellectual, or cultural values."
With all the new items being made materialism was extemely present in the 20's, some would even say it is just as present today with new technology like smartphones, laptops, and tablets.
Moral Values 2
After The Great War
After World War One people were eager to get back to their normal lives.
Many people moved to more urban cities.
People make money off of war so the economy was booming.
Moral Values 3
Moral Values 4
The 19th Amendment
The National Child Labor Committee began in 1904 and worked to prevent child labor.
In 1916 and 1918 congress passed a law to prevent child labor but The Supreme Court denied it because the issue was not addressed in the constitution.
In 1924 the party's in favor of forbidding child labor tried for constitutional amendment.
Congress approved it but it was not ratified by the states.
People were afraid with child labor prevention that the government would have to much power, these people were mostly farmers and members of the church.
After the Great Depression changed everything and minimal wage was set and in 1938 a child labor law was passed.
In 1924 a law was passed that limited immigrants from moving to the United States.
Africans, Arabs, east asians, and indians were most effected by this law.
The U.S. department of state office historian said this law was made to "To preserve the ideal of american homogeneity."
Basically the government only wanted certain types of ethnicities in the U.S. They fit their ideals.
Can you say Dystopic?
Understanding that women and men had the same impulses.
Women began to attend college.
Minorities were seen more on TV.
More sexual freedom
After the great depression people closed off again.
Evolution challenged the christian view of humans.
Scopes Monkey trial.
Gave Women the right to vote.
Protests for women's rights began mid 1800s.
Not many original protestors saw the victory in 1920.
Prohibition was the ban alcohol. (18th amendment 1920-1933)
It jump-started organized crime.
Corruption in law enforcement and elected officials.
Prohibition and the economy
Saloons and restuarants went out of business.
Cinemas also lost business
This was not the expected outcome.
Lost tax revenue from liquor.
People lost their jobs.
People made money in the mass production.
The average family could afford to have a car, washing machine, radio, etc.
Wages for urban workers increased by 20%.
People who were already rich got much richer.
A steady stream of money
People put most of their money into banks and stocks.
People payed more than what the value of things cost.
Banks made reckless investments.
Stock market crashed.
The Great Depression
Government encouraged people to plant wheat.
Farmers tried new farming techniques.
Wheat was overproduced.
Prices for wheat went down.
Top soil was over cultivated and when a drought hit the top soil rolled off. (Dust Bowl.)
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