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Heat Related Illness

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Brandon Miller

on 25 March 2014

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Transcript of Heat Related Illness

Heat Related Illnesses
by Brandon Miller, Pamela Hernandez, Fred Barnwell
Heat Related Illness
Several illnesses fall under the category of Hyperthermia such as...
Heat rash
Heat cramps (stage 1)
Heat syncope
Heat exhaustion (stage 2)
Heat stroke (stage 3)
Also known as Stage 1 hyperthemia
Symptoms of Heat cramps include...
Painful muscle cramps, especially in the legs
Moist and/or pale skin
Usually has a temperature under 102 degrees
Heat Cramps
Also known as stage 2 of hyperthermia
Symptoms of Heat exhaustion include...
a temperature over 102 degrees
dry, warm skin
anxiety/ faint feeling
Heat exhaustion
Also known a stage 3 hyperthermia and its most extreme form
Symptoms include ...
A temperature over 104 degrees
rapid heart beat
loss of appetite
stupor (loss of cognitive ability)
seizures, comas, and death are possible
Fan air over the patient while wetting his or her skin with water from a sponge or garden hose.
Apply ice packs to the patient's armpits, groin, neck, and back. Because these areas are rich with blood vessels close to the skin, cooling them may reduce body temperature.
Immerse the patient in a shower or tub of cool water, or an ice bath.
Hyperthermia is the general name for all Heat Related Illnesses
A person can be considered hyperthermic when their body temperature is above the average 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
It is considered life-threatening if their temperature goes above 104 degrees.
Exposure to abnormal amounts of heat and humidity without relief or adequate fluids can cause various types of heat-related illnesses
Certain individuals, such as the elderly, infants and young children, the obese, and those with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for developing heat-related illness
Heat Stoke Treatment
Calling 911
You should call 911 whenever any of the following occur
if the persons becomes unconscious
if the person's temperature goes above 102 degrees
If the person experiences a seizures
If any signs of Heat Stroke are present
If the person's condition doesnt change or worsens
Treatment cont.
If the person is experiencing Heat Cramps...
Move to a cool place and rest.
Remove excess clothing and place cool cloths on skin; fan skin
Give cool sports drinks containing salt and sugar such as Gatorade
Stretch cramped muscles slowly and gently
If the person is experiencing Heat Exhaustion...
Move the victim a cool place
Give them cool sports drinks or water
If no improvement or unable to take fluids, call 911 in order to prevent the person from getting worse.
Heat Stroke
In order to reduce the possibility of becoming hyperthermic..
Wear light-colored, loose-fitting, breathable clothing
Rest frequently and stay in the shade when possible
Avoid exercise or exhaughting physical activity outside during hot or humid weather.
Drink water frequently.
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