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First Aid

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Andrea Danysh

on 15 April 2015

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Transcript of First Aid

Mrs. Danysh
Health Education
Grade 6

What is First Aid?
First Aid is the immediate temporary care given to an injured or ill person until he/she can get professional help.

It’s important to know what to do during certain common emergencies because it can prevent further damage and may even speed recovery.

Preparing to Know First Aid (why is it important?)
First Aid might be needed anytime, anywhere and without warning.

Being Prepared:
1. Learn basic first aid skills-(helps you learn how to handle common emergencies).
2. Keep a list of emergency numbers near your telephone (or put on speed-dial).
3. Know where your family health records are kept (ex: allergies, history of illness or disease).
4. Keep first aid supplies at home, in your car, and know where to use them
Universal Precautions

People with HIV or Hepatitis B carry the virus in their blood. These are communicable diseases (spread from person to person through direct contact). Touching contaminated blood carries a risk, therefore be sure to use latex gloves when handling blood.

Take actions to prevent the spread of disease by treating all blood as if it were contaminated.

4 Basic Steps to First Aid
Recognize signs of an emergency:
Use your senses: hearing, sight and smell (ex: sight: smoke from a fire, hear: loud noise-shattered glass, brakes screeching from car accident, strong smell-toxic spill (eyes sting, coughing, hard to breathe).

Evaluate situations in an emergency and decide what action is needed. Consider strengths and limitations before you act. (Ex: Unless trained in firefighting, don’t run into a burning building to save a victim in need of help. Never put your own life in danger to help someone else.
Decide to Act:
Call 911 or an operator and stay calm. Be prepared to tell the dispatcher the type of emergency, location, and other necessary info.
Call for Help:
Provide Care Until Help Arrives:
Stay with the injured person until help arrives. Help maintain normal body temperature, loosen tight clothing, reassure the victim that help is on the way.

What is the “Good Samaritan Law?”
Some people fear helping victims who require first aid due to negligence. When first aid is improperly given, or properly given and fails, Samaritans are afraid of being sued for money.
The “Good Samaritan Law”: Protects rescuers who act responsibly from legal action in case something goes wrong. The best action is to call for help.

How to Call
In an emergency, call 911 or your local emergency number immediately from any wired or wireless phone.
An emergency is any situation that requires immediate assistance from the police, fire department or ambulance.

Examples include:
-A fire
-A crime, especially if in progress
-A car crash, especially if someone is injured
-A medical emergency, such as someone who is unconscious, gasping for air or not breathing, experiencing an allergic reaction, having chest pain, having uncontrollable bleeding, or any other symptoms that require immediate medical attention.

Important: If you’re not sure whether the situation is a true emergency, officials recommend calling 911 and letting the call-taker determine whether you need emergency help.

When you call 911, be prepared to answer the call-taker’s questions, which may include:
The location of the emergency, including the street address.
The phone number you are calling from.
The nature of the emergency.
Details about the emergency, such as a physical description of a person who may have committed a crime, a description of any fire that may be burning, or a description of injuries or symptoms being experienced by a person having a medical emergency.

Remember, the call-taker’s questions are important to get the right kind of help to you quickly.

Be prepared to follow any instructions the call-taker gives you. Many 911 centers can tell you exactly what to do to help in an emergency until help arrives, such as providing step-by-step instructions to aid someone who is choking or needs first aid or CPR.

Finally, do not hang up until the call-taker instructs you to.

If you dial 911 by mistake, or if a child in your home dials 911 when no emergency exists, do not hang up—that could make 911 officials think that an emergency exists, and possibly send responders to your location. Instead, simply explain to the call-taker what happened.

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