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Shi'ite Thought and History

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Oludamini Ogunnaike

on 18 October 2017

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Transcript of Shi'ite Thought and History

Shi'ite Thought and History
The Imams
Infallible, spiritual / political leaders.
Direct connection to the Prophet and God, channel of
wilayah
- "sanctity, power of spiritual guidance."

No god but God, Muhammad is the Messenger of God, 'Ali is the friend of God

Prophet, Fatimah, 'Ali, Hasan, Husayn...
The Branches of Shia Islam
10-15% of Muslims
Twelver-85%
Zaydi-10-12%
Ismai'lī-5%
Nizari-Aga Khan
Dawoodi Bohra, etc.
Druze
'Alawi-Syria
Alevi-Turkey
Zaydi
Zayd ibn 'Ali-fought the 'Umayyads to avenge Husayn
No infallability, imamate not inherited but must be from the family of the Prophet
Fiqh similar to Hanbali

Idrīsids of Morocco (788-974)
Yemenī Zaydis-35-40% of Yemeni Muslims
Isma'īli
Different chain of succession of Imamate
Imam interprets the Qur'an and God's will for followers-key to knowledge and salvation
Da'i-spreads the faith and represents the Imams

Fatimids
Druze
Alamut and the Hashashin
Qarmathians
Nizaris and Bohras
Aga Khan IV, the 49th Imam
Twelver
12 Imams
12th Imam—Muhammad al-Mahdi in occultation (869)
The Mahdi, Jesus, the Dajjal
Five Principles, Ten branches
Different hadith, taqiyya

Oljaitu and Ilkhanids (d. 1316)
Bahmanids (1347-1527)
Safavids (started 1501)
Five Principles
Tawḥīd
Justice
Prophecy
Imamate
Last Judgement
Ten Branches
Prayer
Fasting
Pilgrimage
Zakat
Struggle (jihad)
Directing to good
Directing away from evil
Alms (khoms 20%)
Loving thosein God's path
Disassociation from those who oppose God
Shi'ite
Intellectual History

"The zeal and virtue of Ali were never outstripped by any recent proselyte. He united the qualifications of a poet, a soldier and a saint; his wisdom still breathes in a collection of moral and religious sayings; and every antagonist, in the combats of the tongue or of the sword, was subdued by his eloquence and valour. From the first hour of his mission to the last rites of his funeral, the apostle was never forsaken by a generous friend, whom he delighted to name his brother, his vicegerent, and the faithful Aaron of a second Moses."

- Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Iran, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Lebanon

India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Yemen, Turkey, Syria, Saudi Arabia Afghanistan
Importance of 'Aql and 'Adl
Mu'tazili theology
Philsoophy and Science
Nasir al-Din Tusi (d. 1274)
Nasir Khusro (d. 1088)
Mulla Sadra (d. 1640)
'Allamah Tabataba'i (d. 1981)
Ayatollah Khomeini (d. 1989)

Contemporary Sunni-Shi'a relations

Fall of Ottoman Empire
British in Iraq, French in Lebanon
Unity Efforts (1919-1970) vs. colonialism and Arab nationalism

Iranian Revolution (1979)
Saudi vs. Iran
Second Iraq War
Syrian Civil War-hate speech-Malaysia
Yemeni Civil War
Shi'a Persecution in Pakistan, Saudi, Bahrain, Iraq
Sunni persecution in Iran and Iraq
Nigeria
Mid-Term Exam

Imams
Twelver, Sevener, Ismaili
Shi'ite Dynasties
Shi'ite intellectual history

contemporary Sunni-Shi'a dynamics

Battle of Karbala
Hasan's short-lived caliphate

Husayn

Yazīd b. M

Zaynab and remaining family in Damascus

Repercussions and commemoration: "Every day is Ashura, every place is karbala." "Dying with honour is better than living with dishonour."
Battle of Karbala
Hasan's short-lived caliphate

Husayn

Yazīd b. M

Zaynab and remaining family in Damascus

Repercussions and commemoration: "Every day is Ashura, every place is karbala." "Dying with honour is better than living with dishonour."
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