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WW2 Pacific War

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by

Lydia Samson

on 3 February 2015

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Transcript of WW2 Pacific War

-battle went on in the north-central Pacific Ocean
-it occurred because Japan wanted to sink the American aircraft carriers that had nothing happen to them at Pearl Harbor
-U.S. defeated Japan
-considered the decisive battle of the war
-U.S. intelligence broke Japan’s naval code--six months after the attack on pearl harbor
-destroyed Japan’s naval strength, the Americans destroyed four of their aircraft carriers
-the Americans defeat allowed them and their allies to move to the offensive position (attacking position opposed to the defending position)
Battle of Midway
4–7 June 1942
Japan's involvement in China
Pearl Harbor
Japanese expansion in the Pacific and U.S. efforts to curb the expansion
Outbreak of conflict between the U.S. and Japan
World War II in the Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
Aug. 1942-Feb. 1943
Battle of Leyte Gulf
(October 23–26, 1944)
Battle of Coral Sea
(May 1942)
Major Pacific Battles
Peleliu
Type of Warfare
Aerial

Naval

Ground
Island Hopping
The Strategy of Island hopping was adopted by U.S. Navy, Admiral Chester Nimitz.

The objective was to target small islands that held airstrip or other asset of military importance. They do on a set coarse until they get to the major island of Japan.

Instead of attacking Japan navy directly, Island Hopping weakens them little by little.
December 7, 1941
Surprise air raid of US naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
US had a goal which was to stay neutral throughout the war
Ultimatly brought the US further into war
Already supplying the Allies(in the war)
-Japanese expansion began in 1931 of East Asia
-invaded Manchuria
-continued in 1937 with a brutal attack on China
-started with Japan bombing Pearl Harbor

-first major offensive and a decisive victory for the Allies in the Pacific theater against Japan
-Japanese troops had occupied the island since May 1942
-U.S. marines launched a surprise attack in August 1942 and took control of an air base under construction (Henderson Field)
-involved combined air and sea engagements
-Allied forces objective was to deny the Japanese use of the islands (Tulagi and Florida)
-Allies intended to use the islands as a base to support their campaign against Japan

-considered the largest naval battle in WWII
-allied forces on the offensive side
-decisive air and sea battle of World War II
-this allied victory liberated the island from the Japan control and blocked oil supply lines from Japan
-permitted U.S. invasion of the Philippines
-reinforced the Allies’ control of the Pacific.
-first battle in which Japanese pilots conducted kamikazi attacks, which are attacks where they sacrifice their lives to perform the attack
-goal was to destroy the Allied ships
-major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of WWII between Japan and allied forces, the Americans and Australians
-aircraft carriers engaged each other for the first time
-Japanese tactical victory-in terms of ships sunk
-Allied strategic victory-weakened the Japanese for the battle of Midway
-Japanese wanted to take control of Port Moresby in New Guinea, this called for a combined fleet
-The U.S. found out about this plan and decided to send two air craft carriers and a cruiser force
-Americans first strike on the Japanese Home islands at Iwo Jima
-stemmed from the need for a base near the Japanese coast
-the American: invasion had the goal of capturing the entire island, along with its three airfields
-point of this was to have a staging area for attacks on the Japanese main islands.
-major battle: the United States Armed Forces fought for/captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Empire
-after the battle the Americans decided the island was not right for using it as a staging area
-used it to fly planes into and out of (B-29)
Battle of Iwo Jima
(Feb.19-Mar.26 1942)
Main Mission: To secure a strip of airfield that could be detrimental to the US forces/ Japanese forces
/watch?v=Mel9s2IXKHg
US Marines
Japanese Troops
Important commanders:
Douglass Macarthur
: five star American general who commanded the southwest Pacific theater
General Carl Spaatz
: commanded the US strategic airforces in the Pacific
Japanese:
Admiral Isoroku Yamaoto
: led the combined fleet until he was killed in an attack in 1943
Admiral Mineichi Koga
: took Yamaoto's position
Admiral Soemu Toyoda
: took Koga's position after

- Rape of Nanking (apart of the attack)
Full transcript