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Research on Thriller Genre

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Sara Al-miski

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Research on Thriller Genre

Thriller Genre In film theory, genre refers to the method based on similarities in the narrative elements from which films are constructed. Most theories of film genre are borrowed from literary genre. Specific style elements of a film helps categorize the film according to its genre. It makes the film easier to promote to a particular audience. Film genres can be categorized according to the setting, costume, narrative, actors of the film. Nevertheless, films with the same settings can be very different, due to the use of different themes or moods. If it makes you laugh... comedy
if it makes you scared... horror
if it is set in a future state... sci fi
if it is sad or of a serious topic... drama
if it is about a couple... romance
if it has interviews with clips of what is happening/ or happened... most likely documentary
Different codes and conventions of films is what classifies them into genre. Classifying Films Into A Genre By the end of the silent era, many of the main genres were established: the melodrama, the western, the horror film, comedies, and action-adventure films (from swashbucklers to war movies). Musicals were inaugurated with the era of the Talkies, and the genre of science-fiction films wasn't generally popularized until the 1950s. One problem with genre films is that they can become stale, cliche-ridden, and over-imitated. A traditional genre that has been reinterpreted, challenged, or subjected to scrutiny may be termed revisionist. Genres History The entertainment industries involved in producing and distributing movies. The films made can be aimed at certain audiences for example Brave is aimed at children and families. This way they can advertise and promote specifically to the audience e.g. a toy in a Happy Meal, or posters. Film Institution use genre Audience Member Member Member Member Member History of Thriller (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Genre In Film 1920-30s 1950 1940 (cc) image by jantik on Flickr By Sara Al-miski He was a English film-maker/director who introduced the genre thriller. It was his early silent film The Lodger (1926), where the genre was shown resulting the audience to feel full of suspense plus tension.
He was influenced by techniques in Germany, basing the film on the murders by Jack the Ripper. Alfred Hichcock Reference/ Bibliography http://www.filmsite.org/thrillerfilms.html
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0036855/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edgar_G._Ulmer
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0036653/
http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/1002732-bluebeard/
http://www.filmsite.org/50sintro6.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dial_M_for_Murder
http://www.flickchart.com/movie/97774D0138
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0054215/
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0947798/ His film Gaslight: Paula's aunt got murdered and moves back to her home with her husband. However attempts to drive her crazy to inherit her money. It was a physiological presenting the sub-genres within the thriller theme. George Cukor He was an American film director, born on the Lower East Side of New York City Was an Austrian-American film director, best remembered for The Black Cat. 1944 Bluebeard
Edgar G. Ulmer The film is about an artist in Paris which kills his models which are young women after painting them. His wife finds out and told him to give up painting which triggered him to kill. Dial M for Murder (1954) was directed by Alfred Hitchcock based on a play. It is a murder thriller filmed in 3-D but could be shown 2d, with Ray Milland as an ex-tennis pro who masterminds to commit the "perfect" crime - the murder of his unfaithful wealthy wife (Grace Kelly) for having an affair with a writer (Robert Cummings) 1950s 1960 A young woman steals $40,000 from her employer, to begin a new life. Getting caught in a storm, she gets off the main highway and pulls into The Bates Motel. The motel is managed by a quiet young man but is controlled by his mother. 1960s Psycho Is a 1971 directed by Steven Spielberg. It's about a middle-aged electronics salesman driving on a remote road being followed by a tanker truck driver. 1970's Duel 21st century 1980 Directed by Sheldon Lettich. Lyon Gaultier is a paratrooper in the French Foreign Legion, his brothers wife is burned alive during a deal gone wrong. Later on brother gets murdered after drug deal. To earn monehe fights with contenders to support his widowed sister. 1990 Lion heart Thorson is an old-fashioned man who enjoys classical music. He chases down fugitives and risking his life as well. He brings criminals to jail who have broken the law. The Hunter is a 1980 directed by Buzz Kulik 1990 Nina a ballet dancer wins the lead in "Swan Lake," Lily win the role of The Black Swan. But the two dancers become rivals. Nina begins to get more in touch with her dark side that threatens to destroy her. 21st Cenntury The Black Swan The audience use genres in deciding what films to watch by personal preference. It also depends to the type of person you are. Foe example an adventurous person may choose action/thriller films. Or a girly person may choose a romantic/comedy. A thriller would typically be set in urban cities. The characters would be wearing smart clothing. It often involves danger within someone's job, or a ordinary person dragged into a situation which makes them the main character. Background would usually be greys, whites and blacks to emphasize the helplessness of the characters. Aspects To Consider Would be set on another planet or spaceship, the typical characters would be captains and aliens. Props used would be laser guns and future technology. Aims/plot line would be to save a vulnerable character or world, and the main theme would be good vs evil. Science-fiction Mise en Scene be using different levels of low key lighting as it creates a mysterious or suspense like atmosphere. Using dark grey, black and red to symbolizing blood and death. Setting haunted house, dark ally. The way characters are positioned within a frame can tell the audience a lot about the character, levels of supremacy can be identified, how characters are angled. In murder scenes the killer is usually the dominate the victim is the minor character.
The connotation of a thriller are murder, blood, psychological killer.
Furthermore the film usually takes place in the suburbs, there is a lot of reflection in mirrors as a key theme. The lighting is often dark, shadows, which creates a eerie dark atmosphere. The props used would be stairs, photographs, and everyday things to keep it realistic. The cinematography would include flash backs that white and black. There would be lot of types of camera angles: high, low,canted etc... The sound would be something that builds up tension and suspense. Codes and Conventions MUSIC Usually at the beginning the music is low and quiet, but as the tension increases so does the music get more high pitched, making the audience feel tense and worried as we know something terrible is going to happen. Usually the themes chosen are exciting and tense. Here are a few: crime, supernatural, war, terrorism, mind games and murder. Themes of identity are common, mistaken identity, doubling, doppelgangers and amnesia. Life is threatened, is a another theme, where the character has to find some way of getting back to normality. THEMES Typically there are heroes/heroines, crooks, criminals, assassins, and spies. The main character is usually an ordinary person and is normally the hero/heroine at the end. Most commonly police officers and detectives are the main characters. The narrative is usually normal people of everyday life. CHARACTERS Typically set in large cities or empty buildings, to allow e.g. car chases. If the setting is right then it can make the film be more exciting. This is for tension build up and to make the audience feel tense or worried. SETTINGS It involves a group of people who are trying to survive in a conflict with a natural or artificial disaster such as floods, earthquakes, or nuclear disasters. 2012 is an example of a disaster film. Disaster Thrillers Alfred Hitchcock, 3.Vertigo (1958)
Steven Spielberg, 1.Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
James Cameron, 1.Titanic (1997)
Quentin Tarantino, 1.Pulp Fiction (1994)
Martin Scorsese, 1.Goodfellas (1990)
Christopher Nolan, 1.Dark Knight, The (2008)
Roman Polanski, 1.Chinatown (1974)
David Fincher, 1.The Social Network (2010)
John Carpenter, 1.Halloween (1978)
David Cronenberg, 1.Dead Zone, The (1983) Films and Directors Within this Genre Discussing imagery as iconography in this way implies a critical "reading" of imagery that often attempts to explore social and cultural values. Iconography is also used within film studies to describe the visual language of cinema, particularly within the field of genre criticism. ICONOGRAPHY For my film I will use all the aspects of Mise en Scene and the codes and conventions for a thriller. For example I will use mirrors, black and white cinematography plus fast cuts (editing) which will make our film a ideal thriller that keep the audience on the edge of their seats! I would also watch other thrillers from the directors stated and learn their techniques in making a successful thriller. HOW I PLAN TO USE MY RESEARCH Codes and Conventions The main aspects of thrillers is to involves mirrors, shadows, stairs, tense music, and has objectives. Thrillers are often not defined by their subject matter but their approach. They are defined by primary mood that they elicit like fear and excitement. If it thrills it’s a thriller.
It is common to find Suspense excitement in thrillers with a build up of tension in different sub-genres like: crime fight/chase scenes, investigations, revenge, killing, obsession, and conspiracy. Plot builds climax, when the hero finally defeats the villain. The hero must foil the plans of the enemy rather than uncover the crime that has already happened. Usually the audience will have a clear idea of who the villain is throughout the film. Crimes or actions committed in the film is often in grander scales such as mass murder, terrorism, assassinations or overthrowing the government. And tension arises when the character is put in a menacing situation. Most narrative thrillers will have so that the audience is left on the edge of their seats and are interested in the film. This is usually shown through the protagonist being seen in peril or violent confrontations. Editing used would be obtrusive and fast cuts to build drama. Thriller A thriller uses a broad range conventions like suspense, excitement and tension as their main elements. Often not defined by their subject matter but their approach. Defined by primary mood that they elicit fearful, if it thrills it's a thriller They make the audience feel anticipated for the next scene and heighten expectation, uncertainty and terror. Aim The aim is to keep the audience alert and on the edge of their seats. The protagonist is set against a problem or an objective like escape and usually has a weakness for example family. Tension is a key aspect of thrillers, which is built throughout the film, and is highly stressful. Sub-genres Lots of sub genres have occurred overtime, and helps to divide the different categories. |They create emotions like exhilaration, excitement, and breathlessness. James Patterson makes lots of types of thrillers like spy, action and adventure. Different sub-genres have different codes and conventions. INCEPTION TRAILER Physiological thriller has heavy focus on the unstable emotions of the main characters.
a suspenseful movie emphasizing the psychology of its characters rather than the plot; this sub-genre of thriller movie or book
2012 TRAILER Spy Thriller Spy thrillers (also a sub genre of spy fiction), in which the hero is generally a government agent who must take violent action against agents of a rival government or (in recent years) terrorists. Examples include From Russia with Love by Ian Fleming, The Bourne Identity by Robert Ludlum, and television series such as Mission: Impossible and 24 (the second demonstrating a break from the norm by Robert Ludlum, as it is as much a psychological thriller as a spy thriller.) Romantic Thriller It includes suspense excitement but the main aspect is a growing relationship between two main characters. For example Vertigo. Conspiracy thrillers, in which the hero confronts a large, powerful group of enemies whose true extent only he recognizes. The work of Robert Ludlum, for example The Chancellor Manuscript and The Aquitane Progression, falls into this category, as do films such as Three Days of the Condor and JFK. Conspiracy Thriller There are many other sub genres here are a few: Eco-thrillers, an emerging sub-genre Template:Fact in which the protagonist must avert or rectify an environmental or biological calamity - often in addition to dealing with the usual types of enemies or obstacles present in other thriller genres. This environmental component often forms a central message or theme of the story. Examples include Nicholas Evans' The Loop, C. George Muller's Echoes in the Blue, and Wilbur Smith's Elephant Song, all of which highlight real-life environmental issues.

Forensic Thrillers , in which the heroes are forensic experts whose involvement with an unsolved crime puts their lives at risk. Balefire by Ken Goddard and Red Dragon by Thomas Harris are examples, as is Harris's later The Silence of the Lambs.
More Codes and Conventions: Within a thriller there is : SUSPENSE EXCITEMENT TENSION CRIME FIGHTS CHASE SCENES INVESTIGATIONS REVENGE KILLING OBSESSION They tend to be adrenaline- rushing, fast-paced and gritty. It usually includes a villain driven plot where obstacles have presented for a hero to overcome. Such as action thrillers, which on many occasions feature a race against the clock and contains a lot of violence which is directed at the hero/heroine. Another feature is a search for something valuable or action-adventure. Some examples are the Dark Night Rises and Inception. Example:
In a psychological thriller, the characters are exposed to danger on a mental level
rather than a physical one. The Usual Suspects 1995 is one physiological thriller.
Legal Thrillers, in which the lawyer-heroes confront enemies outside, as well as inside, the courtroom and are in danger of losing not only their cases but their lives. The Pelican Brief by John Grisham is a well known example of the type.

Horror thriller, in which conflict between the main characters is mental, emotional, and physical. Two recent examples of this include the Saw series of films and the Danny Boyle film 28 Days Later. What sets the Horror Thriller apart is the main element of fear throughout the story. The main characters are not only up against a superior force in the form of a monster or monsters, but they are or will soon become the victims themselves and directly feel the fear that comes by attracting the monster's attention.
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