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Comparative social cognition: behavioural, genetic and neurohormonal components

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Anna Kis

on 29 August 2015

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Transcript of Comparative social cognition: behavioural, genetic and neurohormonal components

Comparative social cognition: behavioural, genetic and neurohormonal components
Anna Vargáné Kis
Supervisor: Márta Gácsi

24.09.2014
AIM:
social learning in a lizard

N=12 bearded dragons
(Pogona vitticeps)
Two-action procedure
Video demonstration
- All
Right demo + Left demo
subjects opened the door
-
First opening
: correct side
- None of the
Control subjects

opened the door




χ2=10.277; p=0.006; Kruskall-Wallis Test

AIM:
“A-not-B” error without any “A” trials
N=65 adult pet dogs
Communicative hiding, Alleviated B trials, Non Communicative
Acknowledgement
VS, GM, TJ, MA, VZ, AW, TB, HA, KO, OB, ZO, LH, OM, QC, JW, PM, JV, HW, QA, MF, KD, SI, XY, PG, GK, AA, LX, OF, YP, PS, OC, BY, SZ, BP, TL, HG, GZ, HI, QX, EL, IS, SP, MO, OK, ZH, WK, RG, TZ, LD, AS, CD, VY, SG, QN, ME, ZY, FM, HB, FJ, HS, CA, NX, SY, AC, MS, VO, YY, KW, CM, JJ, BO, FT, IO, AF, MI, FP, JZ, FE, UJ, OA, WP, UH, OZ, RP, DZ, EO, RU, GS, LW, TY, TA, LY, CI, KQ, JQ, IF, VC, BR, HU, PJ, KR, FZ, YN, FG, KA, CV, MJ, TT, DJ, QU, KB, QH, DY, EI, TW, PF, XL, UV, JL, BQ, UU, VG, GT, NJ, DF, IP, CL, SS, WA, YV, SF, UI, RY, PY, QT, PH, GB, PO, AX, IQ, OX, OR, PN, XJ, YA, RV, NW, KY, AM, TG, UR, JT, SV, OQ, CP, XS, XK, TC, RN, MM, DN, WY, MV, ZL, DV, QD, XN, IJ, ET, GI, GA, KK, NE, MN, RX, NI, WW, JH, DO, BC, AR, NN, JS, UC, CZ, NZ, UL, KP, CG, WE, EB, UK, EG, AK, LI, MD, WN, XE, JD, UQ, MY, WD, JB, WI, XT, TN, NQ, AI, EE, RK, DG, OU, HL, LO, OH, FB, UY, QG, NT, VF, QW, EJ, IE, UN, AY, UE, DT, KU, CK, MW, XA, IH, PZ, IM, YU, QQ, RE, SX, PL, AJ, UP, KZ, VP, VI, CE, JX, UM, TF, BE, EH, AT, HR, YI, FS, DE, BH, NG, PC, HZ, FL, IC, WZ, SH, RL, VL, NP, WT, TV, JI, ZJ, JK, ES, TE, GP, PQ, YT, RI, LA, ZP, GN, PB, BB, LJ, QP, AH, FC, KT, YC, KV, OL, XI, AV, RM, TD, WL, ZK, BU, GG, MH, VX, OE, HF, QF, WX, CR, GQ, DD, UF, HV, OT, BM, JG, VT, MG, ZD, LB, FI, TO, IK, HK, OO, FA, UB, DB, OY, FF, PI, FN, JU, RD, DR, QJ, LV, GL, VE, ER, GV, JR, ZW, SJ, MK, YK, JN, DL, GH, ZS, IY, BN, IV, QK, ZM, DS, VV, DU, VR, II, VA, ZQ, ED, ZE, QR, UZ, GJ, OS, AD, WH, HD, WG, LT, EA, BJ, HT, LE, BI, XR, NV, PD, TS, WS, CQ, AL, YL, US, KF, FD, ID, BT, IA, IL, ZC, YW, QL, PA, RJ, RB, GY, HJ, XM, CF, NO, VK, LP, MR, KS, LF, DW, SM, BX, RA, XG, GE, LU, XD, ZG, OD, LZ, SB, NY, RQ, OG, LS, SW, IT, TI, MQ, PR, JF, JE, SL, KI, SR, TK, OW, AZ, FX, EW, LC, AP, CX, WC, IR, NR, EK, GU, NK, RF, QO, SD, HX, IG, ZV, XZ, OP, MP, PT, ZZ, ZA, QM, AU, DH, SO, TR, BV, XU, KX, FQ, CN, PK, JP, HO, EF, CO, IN, RT, MB, ST, KC, LN, DC, DK, VW, WF, IW, UA, HE, IX, KE, PP, IZ, NA, MZ, AB, AN, UD, NF, XP, OV, ZB, XO, WB, SU, QS, YJ, GC, EP, HN, HP, KM, BG, YR, PX, CB, YH, HC, WR, BS, CS, NU, QI, BK, IU, WU, AQ, YB, ZF, EU, DQ, OI, UT, UO, NB, DP, FO, TH, EX, XB, FK, LQ, PV, SK, ON, NM, LK, GO, JC, VJ, BZ, RR, VN, XH, VD, SC, GF, PW, SN, XX, OJ, FH, YQ, BL, GX, EQ, EM, UW, QE, RC, EN, PU, WJ, VH, IB, XV, TU, XF, DM, VU, YE, WV, FR, YF, DI, UX, NL, ZI, LL, FW, DX, ZU, TP, MX, RZ, KL, YG, QY, CH, YD, HM, KH, RO, JY, CU, YM, QV, YS, WM, YZ, BF, BA, SE, HQ, ZX, TM, LM, FU, KN, ML, EC, AG, YX, XQ, CY, ND, ZN, NC, CT, MC, BW, YO, CW, JO, ZT, PE, QZ, SA, LR, MU, EZ, GR, XC, VQ, RS, LG, GW, RH, QB, AO, AE, EV, VM, TX, WQ, TQ, HY, WO, NH, VB, JA, RW, ZR, HH, CJ, MT, CC, NS, FV, XW, JM, EY, DA, KG, KJ, SQ, UG, BD
Kis, Huber, Wilkinson (in press)

AnimCogn
DOI 10.1007/s10071-014-0803-7
AIM:
“A-not-B” error in social-communicative vs. non-social hiding + hiding trajectory effect

N=26 common marmosets
(Callithrix jacchus)
“A” vs. “B”
trials:
χ2=32.487, p<0.001

Asymmetric vs symmetric
tests:
χ2=8.724, p=0.003
Social vs. non-social
situation:
χ2=0.352, p=0.553

Generalised Estimating Equations
Kis, Gácsi, Range, Virányi (2012)

Anim Cogn 15
97-105
Sümegi, Kis, Miklósi, Topál (2014)

J Comp Psychol 128
21–8
Kis, Topál, Gácsi, Range, Huber, et al. (2012)

Anim Cogn 15
737–43
Topál, Miklósi, Sümegi, Kis (2010)
Science 329
142d
Hernádi, Kis, Turcsán, Topál (2012)

PLoS ONE 7
e43267
Kis, Bence, Lakatos, Pergel, Turcsán, et al. (2014)

PLoS ONE 9
e83993
Gácsi, Kis, Faragó, Janiak, Muszyński, et al. (submitted)

Int J Hum-Comput St
AIM:
“A-not-B” error hiding trajectory, motor inhibition

N=94 adult pet dogs
(Canis familiaris)
- Communicative hiding
- Alleviated B trials
- Only watching during A trials
Search bias
to the empty (“A”) location

‘Com-H’
:
T-=174, p=0.008
‘Allev-B’
:
T-=488, p<0.001
‘Watch-A’
:
T-=288, p=0.003

Wilcoxon Signed-rank tests

‘Com-H’
: 25% correct,
T-=190, p=0.008
‘Allev-B’
: 70% correct,
T-=49, p=0.019
‘NonCom’
: 68% correct,
T-=51, p=0.023
AIM:
ferret vs. wild
Mustela
hybrid social cognition

N=17 domestic ferrets
(Mustela furo)
N=16 wild
Mustela
× domestic ferret hybrids
(M. putorius, M. eversmanii, M. lutreola, M. sibirica)
N=18 domestic dogs
(Canis familiaris)

Eye-contact tolerance: owner vs. stranger (30 sec)
Both domestic species looked more at their owners
Ferrets:
t(15)=6.088, p<0.001
Dogs
:
t(17)=6.093, p<0.001
No such effect in
wild
Mustela
hybrids
:
t(15)=1.092, p=0.292

Paired samples t-test
AIM:
OXTR gene polymorphism × human directed social behaviour

N=104 German Shepherds
N=103 Border Collies
t=2.570, p=0.012
t=2.412, p=0.033
AIM:
OT effect on cognitive bias × social task context

N=4×16 dogs
OT/PL × communicative /
non-communicative
OT vs. PL
: GLM,
F=38.818, p<0.001
Pretreatment × context
interaction:
F=5.434, p=0.023
Com/NCom
context:
F=1.952, p=0.167
AIM:
robot & dog emotion recognition

N=81 human subjects
2×5 videos + questionnaire
All
dog

(all p<0.001; Binomial test, test proportion: 0.2)
, and all
robot
videos
(all p<0.001)
above chance level
Kis, Hernádi, Kanizsár, Gácsi, Topál (under review)
Horm Behav
Inner states
assigned more frequently to the
dog
than to the
robot

(t=7.057, p<0.001)
Full transcript