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Transcript of Nutrients
are nutrients we need only small amounts of.
(we're talking about
vitamins and minerals here, people)
are organic or once-living
substances that are needed
by the body in small amounts.
Vitamins are primarily used to maintain
the body... think of them as your body's on staff "mechanics".
Fat Soluble vs. Water Soluble Vitamins
vitamins dissolve in fat,
and can be stored in the body
for future use.
vitamins dissolve in water,
and cannot be stored in the
body... they're flushed out
A, D, E, K
C, B's, niacin,
are naturally occuring inorganic
substances needed by the body
in small amounts.
calcium, iron, magnesium, iodine
phosphorus, potassium, zinc, sodium
*minerals get into your food by being absorbed
by plants or eaten by animals
*these are some of the most
*your body NEEDS
regulate body functions.
are a medical/scientific
term for "salts". These minerals
have an electrically charged ion that
help carry electrical impulses throughout
your body. These are essential to life.
*When you exercise,
you lose electrolytes
through your sweat.
This is why sports
Vitamin supplements will not supplement your body as well as eating vitamin-rich foods! These vitamins do not fully dissolve and digest in your stomach and small intestine. Instead, they are flushed out with your urine.
are nutrients we need much of to keep functioning & living
Water, carbohydrates, fats, & protein
Every cell in the body requires water to function. Without water, you would die within 3-5 days.
Body weight ÷ 3, in ounces
per day (roughly 5-6 large glasses)
are your body's main source of fuel. There are simple & complex carbs.
simple carbs =
complex carbs =
are digested RAPIDLY, giving you a short energy burst, followed by a crash later on.
are complex carbs that take a long time to digest, and provide a person with energy for long periods of time.
*starches should make up about 1/3 of the food you eat!
Proteins are used to build and maintain muscles, bones,
and other body systems.
Proteins also form enzymes that help fight disease.
Proteins can be found in animal products...
...and plants that resemble seeds
of daily food intake
are not bad, and do not necessarily
make you fat! Fats are concentrated,
stored energy, to be used when your
body has no food to keep it going.
*this is the main way
people lose weight
Fats come as two different types
Saturated fats are found in
animal products, and unfortunately often come paired with
, which has been shown to increase risk of heart disease
Unsaturated fats are found in fish, beans, and several vegetables. They can help improve skin and decrease the risk of fatal heart disease.
Chance of heart disease
Chance of heart disease
Heart disease: 616,067
Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 135,952
Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 127,924
Accidents (unintentional injuries): 123,706
Alzheimer's disease: 74,632
Influenza and Pneumonia: 52,717
Nephritis (kidney failure): 46,448
Septicemia (blood disease): 34,828
Top 10 Causes of Death (adults)
Top 5 Causes of Death (teens)
Heart disease 3%
Birth abnormalities 2%
A calorie is a metric unit of energy.
All of your body organs and systems
need calories to continue working. These are essential to life, and are found in all natural foods (other than water). Most people need between 2,000 and 2,700 calories per day.