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Literary Theory Presentation: Psychoanalytic and Jungian Criticism

Literary Theory Presentation: Psychoanalytic and Jungian critism By Elisa Kazan, Natalie Dokmajian and Violette Roumie
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Elisa Kazan

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Literary Theory Presentation: Psychoanalytic and Jungian Criticism

5. What might a given interpretation of a literary work suggest about the psychological motives of the reader?
1. The beautiful woman was behind the chosen door.
Literary Theory: Psychoanalytic and Jungian Criticism


The Lady and The Tiger
Summary
Analysis of story
4. What does the work suggest about the psychological being of its author?
By: Elisa Kazan, Natalie Dokmajian and Violette Roumie
ENG4U - Mrs. Divell
PSYCHOANALYTIC AND JUNGIAN CRITICISIM
The Theory
Based on Freudian theories of psychology
Decoding the story
Find what the author never intended
The "ROOT" of all our problems start at our childhood
Freudian Theory
Historical Background
Jungian Criticism
Author Background
1. How do the operations of repression structure or inform the work?
Sigmund Freud
founding father of psychoanalysis
attempted to treat behavioral disorders by listening to their problems
Behavior is affected by the unconscious
The Human Psyche
Id
Ego
Superego
- impulsive instincts
- mediator between moral and realistic
- values and morals of society
Oedipus and Electra Complex
a desire for the parent of the opposite sex and a sense of rivalry with the parent of the same sex
Based off of the teachings of Carl Jung about the unconscious mind.
Explores the connection between literature and the “collective unconscious” of the human race,
The central character is the only one viewed as real.
Carl Jung
Carl Jung is a Swiss born founder of analytic psychology.
Student of Freud.
His work focuses on myths and archetypes in relation to the unconscious mind.
According to Jung, the goal of all humans is to reach individuation.
subconscious urges
Psychoanalytic Theory in Literature
Think
Look
Treat
Find
of the text as a secret
for evidence of Oedipal conflicts
the text like a dream
a Freudian slip
Author of "The Lady, or the Tiger?"
Born on April 5, 1834 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Died on April 20, 1902 in Washington D.C, USA.
Born in a family of nineteen kids.
A wood engraver and an editor for The Century Magazine.
Most of the writing was done in New Jersey.
His short story, "The Lady, or the Tiger?" was turned into a musical comedy.
Some other works include: The Griffin and the Minor Canon, A Bicycle of Cathay, Rudder Grange, Simply Suspense and several children’s books.
Biography
Frank Stockton was a very bitter man.
Radiated a dynamic and efficient energy.
Valued courage and effort.
Dressed professionally which is assumed to have given him confidence and power.
Stockton was known to write slowly and painfully.
Personality
Frank Stockton
The entire story is structured around the princess's decision.
Readers are given background information.

2. Are there any oedipal dynamics - or any other family dynamics - at work here?
Oedipal dynamics were displayed in the Short Story through the king, and the princess.
3. How can characters' behaviours, narrative events, and/or images be explained in terms of psychoanalytic concepts of any kind?
Id
Ego
Super-Ego
The door that led to the tiger

Jealousy
The door that led to the beautiful woman
Moral and Right
Mediate between the two
Life vs Death
Love vs Jealousy
Jungian
• Central character: The princess
• Supporting character: The King
• Aspect represented: semi-barbaric, fervent, imperious and hot blooded.

Frank Stockton = bitter man
2. The hungry tiger was behind the door.
Full transcript