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EDUC373 Presentation

A Primary Staff Professional Development day - Literacy issues faced by students, and how to address these.

Alison Hipwell

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of EDUC373 Presentation

Literacy Issues in a Multicultural School Professional Development Day Home language of Aboriginal students

The use of a different dialect is the most frequently cited reason for low literacy and outcomes of Aboriginal students (Rose, 2008)

Aboriginal Community believes that Aboriginal English is not well understood by teachers (DEC)

"Some Aboriginal Parents think that schooling is unequal and dismissive of Aboriginal cultures and languages"

(N. Harrison, 2011) Aboriginal English We should use Aboriginal Language's as a bridge to learning Standard English (Harrison, 2011)

To do this we must ...

Recognize Aboriginal English
Use specific texts in Aboriginal English
Whole school approach to Aboriginal English
Harrison (2011)

ICT Resources
Our Story: Telling IT
(Multimedia education program) Aboriginal English Strategies
An Independent School

We have a diverse range of students:
- Overseas

Enrollment for 2012: 45 students:
- 90% Aboriginal student body

Staff: Indigenous Principal, teachers and 3 Aboriginal Education Officers. Minimbah Primary School

Children have different home experiences.

eg. ideas about rewards and feedback, communication and politeness may be different (Harrison, 2011, p.11) Cultural Differences Include Aboriginal parents and Elders
-shows results of increased attendance and reduced suspension rates as well as a consolidated school vision (Harrison, 2011; Sarra 2007)

Telling the stories about Indigenous place and history

ICT suggestion: Blog

Do not produce stereo types and generalisations
Do not like to take risk or make mistakes
Will be motivated for the future
Use oral forms of communication to demonstrate understanding Strategies to Address Cultural Differences Aboriginal Education Consultative Group Incorporated and Department of Education and Training New South Wales. (2004). The Report of the Review of Aboriginal Education. Sydney: Department of Education and Training New South Wales.
Harrison, N. (2011). Teaching and Learning in Aboriginal Education. Melbourne: Oxford Press.
Kapitzke, C., Bogitini, S., Chen, M., MacNeill, G., Mayer, D., Muirhead, B., & Renshaw, P. (2001). Weaving words with the Dreamweaver: Literacy, indigeneity and technology. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 44 (4), 336-345.
Luke, A., & Elkins, J. (2002). Towards a critical, worldly literacy. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 45 (8), 668-673.
Pirbhai-Illich, F. (2011). Aboriginal Students Engaging and Struggling with Critical Multiliteracies. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 54 (4), 257-266.
Rose, D. (2008). Teaching Reading and Writing to Aboriginal Children. Sydney: Oxford University Press.
Sarra, C. (2007 ). Young and black and deadly: strategies for improving outcomes for indigenous students. Frenchs Forest, Victoria: Pearson. References Strategies to address this There is "no single Aboriginal way of learning" - Paul Hughes (Harrison, p. 43) Aboriginal Ways of Learning Strategies to Address Learning Differences Anaiwan Country -Armidale NSW "We are all visitors to this time, this place. We are just passing through. Our purpose here is to observe, to learn, to grow, to love... and then we return home. "
ABORIGINAL PROVERB Literacy Issues Faced by Stage One Aboriginal English

Cultural Differences

Aboriginal Learning Styles There are a range of issues faced in regards to literacy for Indigenous students: Online Tool:
abracadabra http://grover.concordia.ca/abracadabra/promo/en/index.php Skills support in:
- Phonological awareness
- Reading fluency development
- Comprehension development
- Writing development Governed By...
Kinship Systems (group rather than individual)
Ties to the Land
The Dreaming
Traditional Languages
(Kapitzke, 2001) http://www.australianinspiration.com.au/Quotes/Australiana/IndigenousAustralians.aspx Expression of parent interest to be involved in stage one Critical Literacies:
Using resources that are real in the community (literacy = social construct)
Conserve culture
(Pirbhai-Illich, 2011) PLEASE REMEMBER
Non-Indigenous families spend around 1000 hours reading to their child before they start kindergarten.
Indigenous families TELL stories to their children before they start kindergarten(Rose, 2008; Harrison, 2011).

Can you see the difference? Take Note:
It takes roughly 4 to 5 years to develop strong literacy practices in a school according to research
(Luke and Elkins, 2002) Examples of Learning Techniques
Personal trial and error
Observation and imitation
Holistic (before fine detail)
Visual and Spatial
Non-linear use of language
(Kapitzke et, al. 2001)
Full transcript