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Transcript of Helen Keller
-Helen Keller Helen Adams Keller was born on June 27, 1880, in Tuscumbia, Alabama. She died at age 87, on June 1, 1968, in Westport, Connecticut. Family Education Helping Others Accomplishments/Career She lived in "Ivy Green" in Tuscumbia, Alabama. In her lifetime, Keller wrote 7 books. At 19 months, in February of 1882, she loses her sight and hearing from an extremely high fever. On March 3rd, 1887, Anne Sullivan is hired to teach Helen. When Sullivan came to teach Keller, she expected her to be "pale, delicate, timid", but Helen was NOT that. Her family hadn't disciplined her, so she was very bad-mannered. Sullivan taught Helen the manual alphabet. On April 5th, 1887, Helen finally understood the concept of language. Sullivan had been pumping water out from water pump, and when she poured it onto Helen's hand, she spelled out "water" and Helen spelled it back. "It was as if i had come back to life after being dead" -Helen Keller On June 17th, 1887, Helen wrote her first letter. Soon after her seventh birthday, Keller was taught Braille. She visited Perkins Institute; she was taught there for a couple winters. Bibliography Lois P. Nicholson. Helen Keller. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1996. Print. Helen's Father - Captain Arthur Keller served as a captain in the Civil War for the Confederate army, and when he returned he started editing the "North Alabamian". He died in 1896. Helen's Mother - Kate Adams Keller, who deeply cared for her children. She died in 1921. Helen has a sister, Mildred Keller, and two brothers from her father's first marriage, Simpson and James. At age 14, she attended the Wright-Humason Oral School for the Deaf in New York City for two years, and tried to make her voice easier to understand. In September 1896, she went to the Cambridge School, where she took college courses to ready her to go to Radcliffe College. The principal told Kate Keller that Sullivan and Keller need to be separated, because he thought Sullivan was overworking Keller. Mrs. Keller immiediatly removed Helen from the school, since Sullivan wasn't overworking Helen. Helen took the Radcliffe examinations, passed with credit in Advanced Latin, and made it onto the list of upcoming freshmen. She entered the school in 1900 and graduated in 1904. Professor Charles Copeland encouraged Helen to write "The Story of My Life" for The Ladies Home Journal, and five installments were published. It was later published into a book. At Perkins, Helen heard of a Norwegian girl that is blind and deaf that learned how to speak, which inspired her to learn how to speak. As she started to learn to speak, she also started learning how to lip-read. She heard of a blind and deaf Tommy Stringer, who was 5 years old, and she raised $1,600 for him to attend Perkins. In 1891, she wrote Anagnos, the director of Perkins, a story called "The Frost King", which she accidentally plagiarized from the story, "Frost Fairies" by Margaret Canby. Helen finally concluded that she must have heard the story a long time ago and must have forgotten about it and thought she was making up her own story. After, she was devastated and it took her a long time to start writing again. "No child ever drank deeper of the cup of bitterness than I did" -Helen Keller Eventually, she wrote "My Story" which was published in The Youth's Companion. Arthur Keller died in the summer of 1896. In 1918, the silent film "Deliverance" was made about Keller. In 1919, Sullivan, Thomson, and Keller go on a theatrical tour. While she was on the tour, Kate Keller died, but since Helen had signed a contract for the tour, she couldn't return home to go to the funeral and still had to perform. In 1927, "My Religion" was published. In 1929, "Midstream" was published. From 1930-1932, the trio went on a tour to Europe. Anne Sullivan died on October 20, 1936. "Keller was devastated, but she demonstrated amazing strength in facing the loss of her beloved Teacher" (quoted from the book). The trio signed a contract that said they'd try to raise $2 million for the American Foundation for the Blind in 6 months, but they didn't reach their goal. In 1938, "Journal" is published. In 1955, "Teacher: Anne Sullivan Macy" is published. Polly Thomson dies in 1960. In 1905, Anne Sullivan marries John Macy. In 1908, "The World I Live In" is published. In 1913, "Out of the Dark" is published. In 1913, Helen made her first speaking appearance in Montclair, New Jersey. In 1914, John Macy and Anne Sullivan separate, but are never divorced. Polly Thomson is hired to assist Helen and Anne. Anne Sullivan gets tuberculosis, so, Peter Fagan is hired to take Sullivan's place during a summer lecture tour. Fagan and Keller fall in love and want to be married, but Kate Keller refuses, and separates them. Sullivan and Keller were reunited in 1917.