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Asthma

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on 2 March 2015

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Transcript of Asthma

Asthma is a chronic, non-communicable disease that inflames and narrows airways of the lungs.
There is no known cause for the disease of asthma but bouts of asthma are brought on by "asthma triggers".
If there is someone in your family with asthma you are more likely to have it as well (genetics?)
Non-Communicable Disease
First described by Hippocrates around 450 BC
History
Stay away from "asthma triggers"
Treatment
in 2010 asthma was found in 18.7 million adults and 7 million children
Prevalence
Asthma
Little was understood about it
Many forms of treatments in early times; potions, mixtures
understanding increased over the years and new discoveries were found to help control it
according to this chart asthma is more predominant in females
it is also more common in African-Americans
1 in 12 adults have asthma and 1 in 12 children have asthma
Different types of medicines to control it: Some are breathed (inhalers) in and some are taken as pills
Two types of Medicine: Quick-relief and long-term control
Quick-relief
- control symptoms of an asthma attack
Long-term control
- helps you experience fewer and milder asthma attack
Prognosis
Asthma can be effectively controlled
It is a chronic (long-term) disease so it does not go away
But...
-it can be severe or mild throughout the years though, so you have to be wary at all times.
Affects on Body Systems
Airways of lungs
: become more sensitive to allergens,dust, and other types of irritants and causes inflammation (immune system is overworking).
-affects amount of air you breathe in and out
-thick mucus is also produced and blocks airways as well
Broncho constriction: (constriction of the airway) Comes after inflammation. The airways are constricted by muscles.
-also blocks airways even more
-Makes it hard to breathe
Mostly affects the respiratory system:
Symptoms/Diagnosis
To find out if you may have asthma you can go to your doctor for a check up and they will do breathing tests
Symptoms
:
Wheezing
Coughing
Chest tightness
Shortness of breath/ heavy breathing
By Natasa Janjusic
Help for Asthmatics
Asthma.com
GSK Response number : 1-888-825-5249
Bibliography/Citations
asthma.com, GlaxoSmithKline 1997-2013
cdc.gov
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Why Asthma?
The reason that I chose asthma was because of the fact that so many people, including one of my best friends, has it. I always wondered how asthma worked because I would always see kids in P.E sitting out due to the fact that they had asthma. I knew that it had something to do with having problems breathing but I never knew exactly what was happening; I did not know the specifics of it. I wanted to know what was going on inside the body to cause asthma attacks. I was just interested in knowing the mechanics of asthma and what people with asthma go through because one of my closest friends has it and i always wondered about what she went through.
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