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Week 5 Lesson 2: Social and political impact of WW1

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by

Liam Brooks

on 15 March 2017

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Transcript of Week 5 Lesson 2: Social and political impact of WW1

Social impact
LI:
To understand the
social and political
impact of the war.

SC:
SC: Students will be able to explain how demographic changes and negative public perceptions of tsarism contributed to the development of the Russian Revolution.
•Pipes:

“...while the collapse of tsarism was not inevitable, it was made likely by deep-seated cultural and political flaws that prevented the tsarist regime from adjusting to the economic and cultural growth of the country, flaws that proved fatal under thepressured generated by World War One.”

•Figes:

“The First World War was a titanic test for the states of Europe – and one that Tsarism failed in a singular and catastrophic way.”

•Hill:

“War accelerated the development of revolutionary crisis, but their deep-lying causes could not be wished away in times of peace.”
Historical interpretations

•Blame fell on the monarchy

•By the end of 1916 strikes had gripped Petrograd

•By February 1917 all workshops and factories had closed

•Over 200,000 on strike
Political, Economic and Social Impact
By late 1916:
•Living standards reduced, especially urban

•Demands on peasants

•Peasants hoarded grain – little incentive to sell

•Food shortages– homefront and frontline

•Calorie intake of unskilled workers fell by ¼

•Industrial strikes began in the cities
Rasputin and the tsarina
Note: the caption in the top right-hand corner reads “The Russian Tsars at home”
By 1915, homefront unable to organise itself or war effort – ineffective bureaucracy and poor transport logistics

1915 Progressive Bloc formed in Duma (moderates)

25th August called for programme of reform (Duma to appoint ministers)

Tsar unsupportive of reform, alienates Duma members
The political impact of the war: An overview
1. Everyone will need their laptop or phone.

2. Go to
quizlet.live

3. Put in the game code.

4. Race each other teams by recognising the faces of key individuals and matching them to their names.

5. First team to 12 wins.
Recap: Faces of key individuals
•Fell into favour due to rumoured healing powers – Alexei

•‘Mad Monk’

•Rumoured affair with Tsarina and daughters

•Popular pornography circulated

•Discredited regime

•Between September 1915 and February 1917: 4 Prime Ministers, 5 Ministers of the Interior, 3 Foreign Ministers, 3 War Ministers, 3 Ministers of Transport and 4 Ministers of Agriculture
Rasputin and the tsarina


Lynch:
“The Rasputin scandal had been a bizarre symptom of the disease affecting Russian politics rather than a cause.”

•Wood:
“...the scandal which has surrounded Rasputin’s name was merely a symptom, not acause, of the acute malaise which inflicted an incompetent and unpopular regime now inthe throes of a devastating war.”
Historical interpretations
Week 5 Lesson 2:

World War One - The social and political impact of the war.

Activity: Analysing primary sources - A warning from British Ambassador Sir George Buchanan, Dec.1916
1. Working individually.

2. Read the pretext and source (annotate) .

3. Answer questions 1-4 in an elaborated manner.

4. We have 30 minutes.

5. Discussion to follow.
Full transcript