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Egypt

Chapter 2 Section 2
by

Mr. Shank

on 30 August 2016

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Transcript of Egypt

Egypt
Mediterranean Sea
Red Sea
The Old Kingdom (2700 BCE-2200 BCE)
The Middle Kingdom (2100 BCE-1800 BCE)
The New Kingdom (1500 BCE-1000 BCE)
Pyramids

Ramses II
Hyksos
King Tut
Cleopatra
Lower Egypt
Upper Egypt
150 BC Menes - Dynasty 0
2920 BC Dynasty 1
2770 BC Dynasty 2
2649 BC 3rd dynasty
2649 - 2630 BC Sanakhte
2630 - 2611 BC Djoser
2649 - 2643 BC Sekhemkhet
2643 - 2637 BC Khaba
2637 - 2613 BC Huni
2613 - 2589 BC Sneferu
2589 - 2566 BC Khufu (Cheops)
2566 - 2558 BC Djedefre
2558 - 2532 BC Khafre (Chephren)
2532 - 2504 BC Menkaure (Mycerinus)
2504 - 2500 BC Shepseskaf
2498 - 2491 BC Userkaf
2491 - 2477 BC Sahure
2477 - 2467 BC Nefeirrkare
2467 - 2460 BC Sheseskare
2460 - 2453 BC Neferefre
2453 - 2422 BC Niuserre
2422 - 2414 BC Menkauhor
2414 - 2375 BC Djedkare
2375 - 2345 BC Wenis/Unas
2345 - 2333 BC Teti
2332 - 2283 BC Pepi I
2283 - 2278 BC Merenre
2278 - 2184 BC Pepi
2200 BC First Intermediate Period
2181 - 2160 BC Dynasties 7 & 8
2160 - 2040 BC Dynasties 9 & 10
2134 - 2117 BC Intef I
2117 - 2069 BC Intef II
2069 - 2060 BC Intef III
2060 - 2010 BC Mentuhotep I
2050 BC Middle Kingdom
2010 - 1998 BC Mentuhotep II
1997 - 1991 BC Mentuhotep III
1991 - 1962 BC Amenemhet I
1971 - 1926 BC Senusret I
1929 - 1895 BC Amenemhet II
1897 - 1878 BC Senusret II
1878 - 1841 BC Senusret III
1842 - 1797 BC Amenemhet IV
1800 BC Second Intermediate Period
1798 - 1786 BC Amenemhet IV
1785 - 1782 BC Sobeknefru
1782 - 1778 BC Wegaf
1760 BC Ameny Intef IV
1750 BC Sobekhotep II
1747 BC Khendjer
1745 BC Sobekhotep III
1741 - 1730 BC Neferhotep I
1730 - 1720 BC Sobekhotep IV
1720 BC Ay
1570 BC Early New Kingdom
1570 - 1546 BC Ahmose I
1551 - 1524 BC Amenhotep I
1524 - 1518 BC Tuthmosis I
1518 - 1504 BC Tuthmosis II
1504 - 1450 BC Tuthmosis III
1498 - 1483 BC Hateshepsut
1453 - 1419 BC Amenhotep II
1419 - 1386 BC Tuthmosis IV
1386 - 1349 BC Amenhotep III
1370 BC Armana Revolution
1350 - 1334 BC Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten)
1336 - 1334 BC Smenkhkare
1334 - 1325 BC Tutankhamun
1325 - 1321 BC Ay
1321 - 1293 BC Horemheb
1300 BC Later New Kingdom
1293 - 1291 BC Ramesses I
1291 - 1278 BC Seti I
1279 - 1212 BC Ramesses II
1212 - 1202 BC Merneptah
1202 - 1199 BC Amenmesses
1199 - 1193 BC Seti II
1193 - 1187 BC Siptah
1187 - 1185 BC Twosret
1185 - 1182 BC Setnakhte
1182 - 1151 BC Ramesses III
1151 - 1145 BC Ramesses IV
1145 - 1141 BC Ramesses V
1141 - 1133 BC Ramesses VI
1133 - 1126 BC Ramesses VII
1133 - 1126 BC Ramesses VIII
1126 - 1108 BC Ramesses IX
1108 - 1098 BC Ramesses X
1098 - 1070 BC Ramesses XI
1080 - 1074 BC Herihor
1074 - 1070 BC Piankh
1070 - 1032 BC Pinedjem I
1069 - 1043 BC Smendes I
1054 - 1046 BC Masaherta
1045 - 992 BC Menkheperre
1043 - 1039 BC Amenemnisu
1039 - 991 BC Psusennes I
993 - 984 BC Amenemope
992 - 990 BC Smendes II
990 - 969 BC Pinedjem II
984 - 978 BC Osorkon the Elder
978 - 959 BC Siamun
969 - 945 BC Psusennes III
959 - 945 BC Psusennes II
945 - 924 BC Sheshonq I
924 - 889 BC Osorkon I
890 BC Shesonq II
889 - 874 BC Takelot I
874 - 850 BC Osorkon II
870 - 860 BC Harsiese
850 - 825 BC Takelot II
825 - 773 BC Sheshonq III
818 - 793 BC Pedibastet
793 - 787 BC Sheshonq IV
787 - 759 BC Osorkon III
773 - 767 BC Pami
767 - 730 BC Sheshonq V
764 - 757 BC Takelot III
757 - 754 BC Rudamon
754 - 715 BC Iuput
747 - 716 BC Piankhi
730 - 715 BC Osorkon IV
727 - 720 BC Tefnakht
720 - 715 BC Bakenrenef
716 - 702 BC Shabaka
702 - 690 BC Shebitku
690 - 664 BC Tirhakah/Taharqa
664 - 656 BC Tanatumun
664 - 610 BC Psamtik I
610 - 595 BC Neko II
595 - 589 BC Psamtik II
589 - 570 BC Wahibre
58 - 55 BC Berenice IV
570 - 526 BC Ahmose II
526 - 525 BC Psamtik III
525 - 522 BC Cambyses II
521 - 486 BC Darius I
51 - 30 BC Cleopatra VII
485 - 465 BC Xerxes
465 - 424 BC Artaxerxes
423 - 405 BC Darius II
405 - 359 BC Artaxerxes II
404 - 399 BC Amyrtaeus
399 - 393 BC Nefaarud I
393 -380 BC Hakor
380 - 362 BC Nakhtnebef
362 - 360 BC Djedhor
360 - 343 BC Nakhthoreb
343 - 338 BC Artaxerxes III
338 - 336 BC Arses
336 - 332 BC Darius III
332 - 323 BC Alexander the Great
323 - 317 BC Philip Arrhidaeus
317 - 305 BC Alexander IV
305 - 282 BC Ptolemy I
285 - 246 BC Ptolemy II
246 - 222 BC Ptolemy III
Rosetta Stone
hieroglyphics
Polytheism
Monotheism
Hebrews
One God
More than one god.
Gods of Egypt
Amon Re
King of the Gods
Osiris
Lord of the Dead during the Middle Kingdom
Isis- Queen of the Gods
Horus
King of the Living
Horus
Anubis
Ruler of the Dead during the Old Kingdom
Egypt
Lower Egypt
Upper Egypt
King of the Gods
Valley of the Kings
Sphinx
Last Pharaoh
Egypt
4,132 miles long
Waterfalls/rapids which impede travel up the Nile are called cataracts.
The Nile is unique because it flows North emptying into the Mediterranean Sea.
Upper Egypt is South, close to the source of the Nile, while Lower Egypt is North close to the Delta of the Nile
A Delta is named for the Greek letter, Δ. These are especially Fertile because the river splits spreading nutrient-rich silt.

Menes, also known as Narmer, was the first ruler to unite Upper and Lower Egypt.
Narmer signified his power by the wearing of a Red and White crown.
Narmer established Egypt’s 1st Capital in the city of Memphis.
A Pharaoh (meaning “Great House”) was the ruler of Egypt. He not only acted as a political ruler but was also considered a god on earth.
A government that mixes political elements with the religion is known as a Theocracy.

The Egyptian form of writing established during this time is called Hieroglyphics.
Hieroglyphics were finally deciphered due to the discovery of the Rosetta Stone
Dates: 2700-2180 B.C.
Capital: Memphis
Religion:
1. Ra
2. Amon
3. Anubis
4. Osiris

What was needed to build the Pyramids?
Math
Papyrus

After the Old Kingdom strife, new stability was brought to Egypt through the ruler Mentuhotep.

The Middle Kingdom was characterized by both weak and strong Pharaohs.

A positive of the Middle Kingdom was an improvement in Technology and Wealth.

The Middle Kingdom came to an end due to an invasion by groups of nomads known as the Hyksos.

The Hyksos power came from the use of Chariots on the battlefield and advanced weapons. They also introduced the smelting of bronze which allowed for the creation of materials.

Queen Ahotep eventually led armies to drive the Hyksos out of Egypt.

Middle Kingdom
Middle Kingdom
Middle Kingdom
Dominic
Greek
Hieroglyphs
If the Old Kingdom was known as the “Age of the Pyramids”,
The New Kingdom could be characterized as the “Age of the Pharaohs.”
Queen Hatshepsut came to power as a regent (Administrator) for her minor stepson. She angered many in Egypt when she proclaimed herself the Pharaoh of Egypt.
1st Female Pharaoh
1478 - 1458 B.C
Hatshepsut’s Stepson: Thutmose III created Egypt’s first empire by conquering territories in Palestine, Syria, and Nubia.

The Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) shocked Egypt by proclaiming that there was only one god, the sun-disk god Aton.

Amenhotep’s wife, Nefertiti, was renowned for her beauty.

Soon, Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaton, meaning “Spirit of Aton.”

Next, Egypt was impacted by their neighbors from the South, the Nubians.
Nubia will eventually become known as the Kush Empire and later the Kerma Empire.
While Egyptians give Nubia their writing and religion, the Nubians give Egypt ideas of metal-working and technology.
Nubia’s greatest leader, Piankhi was responsible for overthrowing the Libyan dynasty in Egypt.
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