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Africa WHAP Project

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by

Elysse Ladjevic

on 1 December 2014

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Transcript of Africa WHAP Project

600 BCE to 600 CE
10,000 BCE to 600 BCE
600 CE to 1450 CE
North Africa
Islam spreads to North Africa
Precious metals were mined and made into jewelry
Population became predominantly Muslim
Arab armies conquered most of North Africa
Islam altered the status of women by making them subservient to men
Researched by Melissa Rodas
Bibliography/Work cited page/slide:
World Civilizations The Global Experience 4th Edition
http://www.northafricaculture.com/category/africa
http://www.historyhaven.com/APWH/unit2/UNIT%20II%20NOTES.htm
http://faculty.catawba.edu/cmcallis/history/africa/africa/Benin%20bronze%20stand.jpg
https://mrgrayhistory.wikispaces.com/file/view/Africa_-_Ghana_Map.jpg/244073931/924x625/Africa_-_Ghana_Map.jpg
http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch29af.htm
http://www.explore.org/photos/player/african-landscapes
http://www.travelchannel.com/destinations/south-africa/photos.htm
http://www.rosswarner.com/25_pan.jpg
South Africa
East Africa
West Africa
General Overview
African societies were diverse, but united through beliefs and languages
Universalistic faiths spread and set the basis for culture in societies
The Berbers were the main traders, who converted to Islam and spread the faith
Islam was peacefully integrated into African lifestyles
Two major empires emerged, Ghana and Mali, in West Africa
Researched by Danielle Pesquiera
Ghana
By the 700's, a farming people formed an empire called Ghana. Their most important asset was gold from the Niger river that they traded for salt from the Sahara. The Ghanan king has exclusive control of gold, and monitored the flow to keep prices high. He also commanded an impressive army; the empire thrived. Ghana's elites and rulers converted to Islam, but some retained their religions.
Mali
During the 11th century, a Muslim group called the Almoravids conquered Ghana. By the 13th century, a new empire called Mali emerged. The empire soon dominated West Africa, and was composed of Mande-speaking people south of Ghana. Mali became richer, more powerful and larger than Ghana had been. New deposits of gold were found in the Niger river, and gold became a common commodity in Africa. Mali's capital, Timbuktu, became a world trade center. The founder of this empire was Sundiata, also known as the Lion Prince.
Swahili City-States
The people who lived in the coastal trade cities in Eastern Africa provided a link for long distance trade across the Indian ocean. African culture and traditions were still strong despite Islamic influence. The cities were not politically united, but were well developed. The people were predominantly Muslim, but spoke Swahili, a prime source of syncretism, a combination of Arabic and Bantu.
East Africa was an active member of trade in the Indian Ocean
The area was organized into small coastal villages where most people participated in pottery making or iron working
East Africa later created Swahili
They had much Muslim influence motivating rulers to convert to Islam
Bantu speaking people spread their knowledge of metalworking and language along Africa, but especially in South Africa
Their knowledge of agriculture allowed them to thrive in all environments
Most people were a mixture of herding and agricultural peoples
Most of the region had iron tools
They had art sculptures made of terra cotta dating back to 500 BCE
Urban centers developed among trade routes along the Niger river, like Jenne or Timbuktu
West Africa was organized into stateless societies
The empires of Ghana, Mali and Songhay would later rule this region
These regions profited off gold and salt trade
Researched by Faith Wilkinson
Interactions
500 BCE- Bantu: population increases due to improved hunting and forest farming
200 CE- Ghana: because of advanced iron technology, Ghana was able to seize farming and grazing from their less-advanced neighbors.
200-300 CE- Meroe: trade and iron industry declines
Development and Interaction of Cultures
730 BCE- Nubia: began using Egypt's writing and eventually used Egyptian as the official language of the government
200 CE- Ghana: obtained horses from Saharan nomads
State Building, Expansion and Conflict
500 BCE- Nubia: Nubians moved their capital to Meroe
600 BCE- Phoenicia: Carthage becomes an important city-state especially with trade and transportation
730 BCE- Egypt/Nubia: Nubia invaded Egypt and started Egypt's 25th dynasty
23 BCE- Meroe: invaded Egypt at which time was ruled by Rome, but Rome pushed them back and enslaved much of their people
200 CE- Madagascar: Indonesians settled in Madagascar and improved Africa's food supply with the introduction of the Asian banana plant
Creation, Expansion and Interaction of Economic Systems
200 CE- World-wide: the demand for gold increased
Development and Interaction of Social Structures
500 CE- Ethiopia: Arabian hunters and traders influenced the people and a language called Ge'ez was formed
200 CE- Ghana: Illiterate
400 CE- Bantu: By now, the Bantu had spread their language to a large portion of Africa that extended from the East to the South.
APWH African History Prezi
Created by Elysse Ladjevic
Research By Danielle Pesqueira, Faith Wilkinson and Melissa Rodas
Changes
Agriculture became more advanced with the introduction of different flora and fauna from merchants trading in local areas
Islam becomes more integrated into African lifestyle as merchants bring Islamic culture and blend it with traditional African culture.

Continuities
African culture remained vibrant while adapting to newer cultures entering Africa with merchants and traders
The main resources of gold and salt remained a staple in African trade
Full transcript