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The Chronotopic Shift and Big Data

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by

Peter Shea

on 31 January 2012

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Transcript of The Chronotopic Shift and Big Data

Chronotopic Shifts
and Big Data Advent of language... "Mind reading" as... Understanding the contents of the minds of others... Topos = Place Chronos = Time temporal-spatial changes in mediational means impacting how human consciousness is created, shaped, and augmented Chronotope = Simultaneity Bahktin borrowed idea of "chronotope" from Einstein... So I'm going to use some physics metaphors to explain changed mediational means Implications: mimed and spoken thought are “vaporous” (gas) and disappear as acted/uttered

Must be “recalled” individually/culturally

Before text, no physical record - memory is everything in oral/pre-oral cultures.
Shift to text/print Text: mechanism to “freeze” cognition (solid)
Chronotope: asynchronous - permits review, reflection, precision, shared reconstruction of thought

Consequence: Science, history, law, architecture, literature “etc” as we know them contingent on existence of text/print
Internet-based means of representation by which thought becomes “liquid” –
Virtual representation not as bound by physical constraints Shift to Era of Big Data - cognition as plasma - charged/dynamic Chronotope: Increasingly ubiquitous, instantaneous, “intelligent”, actionable
Acted on in real time by people and machines
Cognition not only shared but “charged” dynamic, augmented in new ways
“we now create in two days as much information as humanity did from the beginning of recorded history until 2003.”
Eric Schmidt
Oh really...? Shift:Digital Networks Most online learning looks like this... Whats Missing? Body movement, gestures, posture, touching behavior, facial expressions, eye behavior (gaze), vocal behavior (pitch, intonation, volume), non-vocal behavior (laughing, yawning, sighing etc)

All carry information/interpretable meaning and all missing
*Includes video as information... Can we do better?
What if we could use technology to “read minds” better?
Could we identify, predict, and intervene to reduce possible downsides?
our digital universe is replete with bits of data that exist but for a moment — enough time for our eyes or ears to ingest the information before the bits evaporate into a nonexistent digital dump. What is it like to
live without language?
Abstractions: time, space, etc.
may not "exist" w/o language “real concepts are impossible without words and thinking in concepts does not exist without verbal thinking." (Vygotsky, 1992, p 107) Schaller reveals that communication
without language exists, (there are small groups of languageless people in southern California), she witnesses "miming" that "works" but is very slow and laborious... while this chronotope of synchronousity is foundational to the development of conventional signs and spoken language, it is also a restraint on the progress that humans can make without the need for such linguistic and communicative simultaneity. Big Data
1.Measurement
2.Analytics – program that builds quantitative processes for a organizations to arrive at optimal decisions and to perform institutional knowledge discovery. Frequently involves: data mining, process mining, statistical analysis, predictive analytics, predictive modeling, business process modeling, complex event processing. Lot of recent interest in learning analytics*
3.Reporting/enterprise reporting.
4.Collaboration/collaboration platform
5.Knowledge management
In education big data has been seen as a way to "predict" student success from existing data stores. Age, gender, GPA, SAT, course load etc
RIO Salado adds LMS use, call center contact, advisor contacts etc to predict course completion at 70%+ accuracy
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