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Music Appreciation

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Trey Gouch

on 27 April 2015

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Transcript of Music Appreciation

Music Appreciation







Harvey W. Gouch III
Gregorian Chant- "Dies Irae"
Renaissance Period
1450-1520
The people employed in the Renaissance were employed in churches, cities, and courts or also builders in the instruments or music printers.
A cappella
No instruments had made their appearance in the church yet, so all music in the church was performed a cappella and in Latin.
Middle Ages
c.400-1450
Took place during the Christian church when they had strong power during this time period.
Middle Age Vocabulary
Gregorian Chant- the music of earl Christian church.
Syllabic- One note sung to each syllable of text.
Neumatic- Generally with small groups of up to five or six notes sung to a syllable.
Melismatic- Long groups of notes set to a single syllable of text.
Mass- The most solemn ritual of the Catholic church.
Modes- Non-metric melodies set in one of the church.
Ordinary- Texts that remain the same for every mass.
Proper- Texts that vary according to the day.
Monophonic- Texture is used for melodic, rhythmic and harmonic
Renaissance Vocab.
Polyphonic- Two or more melodic lines combined into a multivoiced texture, as distinct from monophonic.
A cappella- Voices alone, without accompaniment.
Motet- Polyphonic vocal genre, secular in the Middle Ages but sacred or devotional thereafter.
Harmony- The simultaneous combination of notes and the ensuing relationships of intervals and chords
Baroque Period
1600-1750
Baroque Period
Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach
George Frideric Handel
George Frideric Handel
Antonio Vivaldi
Antonio Vivaldi
Beginning of the Middle Ages, also known as the Dark Ages.
The end of the Middle Ages were known as the Age of Faith
Majority of the music in this
time period is religious or
sacred because of the support from the church.
During this time period the Renaissance saw artistic awakenings as well as scientific inquiry and exploration.
Inspiration was found from the cultures in ancient Greece and Rome
Renaissance Period
cont.
Definition of secular music and sacred music started here.
Middle Ages
c.400-1450
Word painting was used extensively during Renaissance to represent the meaning of words through music. Ex. If you were singing about stars the pitches would be high
Josquin Des Prez
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
This era last from Henry Purcell to the death of German master composer J. S. Bach.
Vocab
Monody- Solo singer accompanied with an instrument.
Solo Concerto- solo instrument accompanied by orchestra.
Baroque period relies on polyphony, counterpoint and a bit of homophony just like the Renaissance
The Baroque period saw a rise of the middle-class culture with music becoming the center around homes.
Instruments in music began to quickly increase.
Two main keyboards instruments were Organ and Harpsichord.
Concerto grosso- Features contrast between a large orchestra group and a small solo group.
Fugue- Polyphonic composition that begins with a main subject.
Suite: A set dance-related movements.
Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach, Germany. At the age of twenty three he was already appointed to the court organist and chamber musician to the duke of Weimar.
At the age of thirty-eight, Bach was appointed to one of the most important music positions in Germany where he supervised four main churches selected and trained the chorus and wrote music daily for the church.
Bach is know for his sacred organ music mass. He wrote rale-hymns, oratoria, and cantata.
Johann Sebastian Bach
Classical Period
Classical Period Vocab.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Franz Joseph Haydn
Ludwig Van Beethoven
Symphony: Large work or piece for the orchestra.
Concerto: Instrumental genre in several movements for solo instruments with the orchestra.
Sonata: Instrumental genre in several movements for soloist or small ensemble.
Motive: Smallest melodic or rythic unit.
Orchestra: Large group of instruments.
1770-1827
1732-1809
1756-1791
Studied at Indiana University.
Studied at Indiana University
Studied at Indiana University
Absolute Music: Music for music's sake. Only in Classical Period
1750-1820
Increase of money and leisure time resulted in middle-class people who loved music attending concerts and buying instruments as well as taking lessons.
The symphony, concerto, sonata, and string quartet flourished during this time period.
The piano replaced the harpsichord and orchestras increased in size and range.
Sequence: Repeated at a higher or lower level.
Theme: Melodic idea (tune).
Classical Period Vocab. Cont.
Repeated a motive which formed sequences.
Wrote 14 operas, 68 string quartets, and over 100 symphonies
In Haydn's 96th symphony a huge chandeleir fell from the performance and that is how it got it's nickname "Miracle Symphony."
Mozart began performing and composing at a very young age.
Died at the age of 35 without ever finding love.
Began composing and performing at the age of eleven.
As Beethoven aged, he began loosing his hearing to the point where he was completely deaf.
Romantic Period
1820-1900
New instruments such as the Tuba, English Horn, Valved Brass, Harp, Piccoto, and the piano was made stronger.
Romantic composers seeked to deepen the melodic, harmonic, and tonal possibilities.
Romantic Period Vocab
Program music: Instrumental music with a literary or pictorial association.
Lied: German word for song.
Song cycle: a collection of Lieder unified by a theme that connects all of the poems of the songs or by particular musical ideas.
Franz Schubert
His family hoped that he would pursue a career in teaching
One of Franz friend claimed that everything he touched turned into music.
9 symphonies, 600 lieders, 3 song cycles.
Robert Schumann
1810-1856
Studying with Friedrich Wieck and becoming a pianist drew his attention to the passion he had for music.
Romantic Period
1820-1900
Classical Period
1750-1820
Operas during the Baroque, Classical
and Romantic Time Period
Operas- Bel Conta
Operas- Classical Period
Mid-late 1700s
Operas- Late Renassiance and Baroque
Late 1500's-Early 1700's
Almost all of the first operas survive only in fragments or have been lost.
The classical period had a whole new approach to operas compared to Baroque.
Major composers are Gluck and Mozart.
The themes were stories for ordinary people mythology and people languages.
Major composers were monteverdi and Handel.
These operas were themed by poetry, religious stories and mythology.
late 1700's-1850's
This era began showing off singer's voices, power, control, range, and flexibility.
Passion and Romance are the main theme in this period.
A few composers are Rossini, Donizetti and Bellini.
Grand Scale Opera
mid late 1800's
We find large casts, stunning sets and beautiful costumes during this opera period.
Major composers were Giuseppe Verdi and Richard Wagner.
20th Century Music
Impressionism
Primitivism
Expressionism
Neoclassicism
Music is more symbolic due to the fact that it derived from artwork in the 1870's by French painters.
A few major composers are Ernest Fanelli, Claude- Debussy and Joseph-Maurice Ravel.

1918-1971 (aprox)
Is a belief in the superiority of a simple way of life close to nature.
Bela Bartok and Igor Strainsky were major composers.
1905-1925
Is the logical extension of extreme emotionalism that emergeed in Romantic Period as well as the aesthetic of Ugliness.
Famous composers were Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern and Alban Berg.

1918-1939
Was a period when music returned to the more organized styles of Baroque and Classical periods.
Carlos Chavez, Benjamin Britten, Carl Orff, and Ralph Vaughn Williams were major composers.
Classical Period Cont.
Franz Joseph Hayden
Neoclassicism
Operas- Bel Conata
Operas Late Renassiance/ Baroque
Operas Classical Period
Robert Schumann
Franz Schubert
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