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Tropical Monsoon

Earth Science- Chapter 14 Climate Project

Nathan Krauth

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of Tropical Monsoon

Tropical Monsoon
Nathan and Sarah Climate Physical Factors Flora (plant life) and Fauna (animal life) Tropical Monsoon Climate Koppen climate classification category "Am" Tropical monsoon climates have both wet and dry seasons. Temperature generally greater than 20 degrees C. There are two versions of a tropical monsoon climate:
Wet seasons: a lot of rain, usually in the form of frequent thunderstorms. Dry season: less pronounced because there is still a sizeable amount of rain.
Wet seasons: extraordinarily rainy. Dry season: pronounced. However, this is followed by a sustained period of extraordinary rainfall. Economy/Population Growth of Sri Lanka Climate Projections Increase in Af (equatorial fully humid) climate throughout the region. Climatogram Change in climate is causing sea levels to rise and temperatures to increase with loss of rain. Roughly 35% of working class are farmers of tea and rice, and the effects of the drought could kill crops and put many people out of a job. The Climatogram shows that Sri Lanka has two rainy seasons and two dry seasons, high humidity (except winter), and high temperatures all year long. The relationship to the monsoon (seasonal change in wind direction) circulation is a key factor in the tropical monsoon climate.
Onshore flow of air (air moving from ocean to land) during the summer or high-sun season and offshore air flow (air moving from land to water) during the winter or low-sun season is caused by the difference in the way water and land heat up.
The monsoon climate of Africa and South America are typically located along trade wind coasts.
Temperatures remain high all year in monsoon climate regions and experience minimal temperature range (similar to that in the rainforest). Physical Factors Monsoon climates have their highest temperature right before a rainy period, but once the rain starts, the solar radiation is blocked by clouds and the monthly temperature decreases.
During the summer, maritime equatorial and maritime tropical air masses move from the ocean to land where they are then lifted by convection or convergence of air which causes condensation.
The mechanism of orographic lifting and the life of air because of the local mountains in the region help promote clouds and precipitation. 2010 2076-2100 Because of the large amount of rain Sri Lanka receives, most of the country is covered in forest. In the wet zone, the lowlands are covered in tropical forest, while the highlands tend to have a drier, evergreen forest. Because of the hot wet temperature, many species of reptiles and amphibians are able to survive in Sri Lanka. The tropical areas are also home to Leopards, other small mammals and a variety of birds.
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