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AP World - Period 4 - Ming & Qing China and Tokugawa Japan - Fiorill

AP World - Period 4 - Ming & Qing China and Tokugawa Japan - Fiorill
by

Mark Fiorill

on 4 January 2016

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Transcript of AP World - Period 4 - Ming & Qing China and Tokugawa Japan - Fiorill

Ming and Qing China
and
Tokugawa Japan
AP WORLD
1450-1750
Overview of Dynasties
1644 - 1912 CE - Qing Dynasty (Manchu)
c. 2100 - c. 1600 BCE - Xia Dynasty
1368 - 1644 CE - Ming Dynasty
1279 - 1368 CE - Yuan Dynasty (Mongol)
960 - 1279 CE - Song Dynasty
907 - 960 CE - Five Dynasties Period
618 - 906 CE - Tang Dynasty
581 - 618 CE - Sui Dynasty
220 - 589 CE - Era of Six Dynasties
206 BCE - 220 CE - Han Dynasty
221 - 206 BCE - Qin Dynasty
c. 1046 - c. 256 BCE - Zhou Dynasty
c. 1600 - c. 1050 BCE - Shang Dynasty
exam system revived
all-powerful emperor
back to Confucianism
Ming Political Characteristics
Ming Dynasty 1368 - 1644
Overthrow of Yuan Dynasty (Mongols)
saw no need for Europe tech
Europe improved upon Chinese tech
Ming not known for tech
bad behavior; Macao
Portugal - silver for Chinese luxury goods
internal/external trade increases
Ming Economic Progress
promoted syncretism
Shared math and astronomy; maps, calendars
Jesuits 1500s
tolerance of Christian missionaries
Zheng He
needed little from outside
Ming Culture and Belief systems
Machurians take over
peasant rebellions
corruption in bureaucracy
invaders
Land-based empires decline because?
Ming Decline
Kowtow
Theatre State - power displayed by architecture and customs
Qing Dynasty 1644-1911
exam system remain
Confucianists in bureaucracy
Manchus took highest posts
all-powerful emperor
Qing Political Characteristics
no divorce
foot binding
widows encouraged to commit suicide
severe patriarchy
queue
no Manchu and Chinese marriage
silk, porcelain, tea
Why increased food production after 1492?
increased food production, population
Qing Economic/Social Characteristics
Tokugawa Economic/Social Change
Capital city Edo (now Tokyo)
Tokugawa Ieyasu establishes central govt; 1603
1500s civil war
daimyos - powerful territorial lords swore oath to shogun
emperor was figurehead
1100s to 1500s - feudalism
Japan
Tokugawa saw need for Europe tech
limited # of Dutch and Chinese traders allowed
kills any who won't go
Tokugawa ban Christianity in 1614
(disobey govt if against Christian ideals)
Missionaries arrive to convert daimyos
Portuguese first in 1500s
Japan and Europe
kabuki
literacy rates higher (less characters than Chinese)
influenced by Confucianism, Buddhism, Shintoism
agricultural and population growth
Kangxi (1661-1722) and Qianlong (1736-1795)
Full transcript