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chinese cultural revolution
Transcript of chinese cultural revolution
Ji-Li Jiang Chinese Cultural Revolution: During the 1960's and 1970's
Leader: Mao Zedong
Casualties- 30 million (Courtois)
Purpose- rid China of the 4 olds, and to regain popular support for Mao Zedong and the Communist party Civil War: Communist party vs. Nationalist party
The Nationalist party was the current party in power
The communitsts were weak and poorly equipped
Tides turned when WWII came to China, drawing attention away from the Communists
After the Nationalists had been greatly defeated by the Japanese, the Communists took their window of opportunity and took the capital Beijing. (Schoenhals) The Reign of Mao: Mao ends the ROC and begins the PRC.(Liukkonen)
Mao sets out to spread equality through China, this included a redistribution of land to previously poor peasants.
Mao shut down counter-revolutionaries ruthlessly, eliminating his major opponents.
Mao sent millions to "Reform through Labor" camps,similar to Hitlers concentration camps, where victims were worked to death.(Schoenhals) (Yuan) The Great Leap Foreward: In January 1958, Mao launched the Great Leap foreward.
Collective farming was adopted, and workers were shifted to steel and infrastructure projects. (thinkquest)
The Result: a nationwide famine. (thinkquest)
This lost Mao Zedong much of his support and he took a back seat in the Chinese Government. (Yuan) The Cultural Revolution: In 1966, Mao began the Cultural revolution.
He targeted the young, molding their young energetic minds.
Class status was held in highest regard. "Red" families were Communist supporters, while "Black" families were Nationalist families. (Jiang)
In China, if you were not a steadfast supporter of the Communist party, you were an enemy of it. (Ansel) Cultural Revolution: Cont. The Red Guard was created: The Red Guard was a group of young high school and college students who were completely loyal to Mao and spread his revolution throughout China. (Schram)
Even grade school children supported the revolution, these children were called the "Red Succesors". (Jiang)
The Little Red Book contained quotes and ideas of Mao, over 350 million copies were printed. (Watkins)
Mao posters, Propaganda, and Da-zi-bao's littered the streets, all part of Mao's plan to convince China of the reality of his revolution. (Jiang)
Da-zi-bao"s were handwritten posters presenting an important issue, but during the Cultural Revolution these were used to humiliate individuals. (Jiang) Cultural Revolution: Cont. No one was safe. Neighbors turned in neighbors,children turned in parents, and teenagers literally ruled the country. (Jiang)
The main idea of Communism: the group above the individual
The most important goal of the Cultural Revolution was to destroy the four olds. (Chen)
Old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits. (Chen)
According to Mao, these remnants of the old society interfered with the creation of a modern, socialist society. (Jiang) (Satou) End of the Cultural Revolution: Mao Officially declaired the revolution over in 1969, however it didn't actually end until Mao's death, in 1976. (Schoenhals) (Yuan) The Story of: JI-LI Jiang Was 12 years old in 1966, at the start of the Revolution. (Jiang)
Jiang came from a black family. (Jiang)
Jiang was a star student, and the da-dui-zhang. (Jiang)
Jiang grew up in Shanghi, came from a wealthy family.
This lead to dissent and harrassment at school, only capitalist societes had a wealthy class. (Schram) Hardships faced by Jiang Jiang never doubted what she was told: "Heaven and earth are great, but greater still is the kindness of the Communist Party: Father and Mother are dear, but dearer still is Chairman Mao." (Jiang)
Jiang's first encounter with the Revolution was when she was selected to apply at the "Central Liberation Army Arts Academy", but she could not accept the offer due to her black class status. (Jiang)
Jiang was the grandaughter of a Landlord. One of the worst Black catergories. Landlords took advantage of peasants back when equality was not present in China. For this, Jiang was denied entry into the Red Sucessors and is verbally abused by children at her school. (Jiang) The Summer of 1967 The Red Guards began their raids.
The Red Guards would raid houses for Four Olds, and either destroy them, or sell them on the black market. (Jiang)
Jiang's apartment is raided, her personal belongings are strewn on the floor, and her stamp collection is taken away. (Jiang)
Jiang's best friend's Grandmother commits suicide.This woman was like a second mother to Jaing, and she is deeply hurt by this loss. (Jiang)
Jiang's family is forced to cut up her grandmothers wedding gown and turn it into drapes, and they must burn all their family photos in which old apparel is being worn. (Jiang) The Summer of 1967 "There was tension in the air that even we children felt. The newspapers and radio were full of the campaign to "Destroy the Four Olds." The campaign had been expanded to eliminate personal possessions. 'If we do not completly elminate the roots, the plant will grow back', we heard" (Jiang) Jiang torn: Jiang fights a great personal battle. She is torn between loyalty to the family she loves and her beloved Chairman Mao. she runs away from home, only briefly because she cannot handle all the pressure on her. (Jiang)
For a while she wishes to become an Educable Child, but, when she witnesses a classmate of hers walk right past his mother, lying hurt on ground, she realizes she cannot do that to her family. (Jiang) Jiang's Descion: In 1968, Jiang's father is detained. Jiang must make a descion. She may either abandon her family and go support the Communist party, or she can stay behind and look after the family. As, the eldest child, she decides her family is more importnat, and that is it her duty to look after it while her father is gone. (Chen) The Lesson: Some consider the Cultural Revolution a success.
However, were any advancements worth the lives lost? 30 million lives were lost during the cultural revolution, and between 48 and 70 million total under the rule of Mao Zedong. is anything worth this price?
Not only were lives lost, but so were the freedoms of the Chinese people. Education came to a hault, and there was widespread economic failure.
Mao Zedong has perhaps affected China more than any other person in history.
The lesson is clear: Without a sound legal system, a small group or even one person can take control of an entire country. This is as true now as it was then. If we have the power, then it is our duty to help end Genocide and manipulations of people by their governments forever. Let China be the example to the world, of what should never again happen on this earth, in this or the next. Special Thanks to: Brett Blizzard, for showing me this program Citations: Ansel, Peter. "Cultural Protection or Xenophobia." CrazyComposer. N.p., 2009.
Web. 27 Apr. 2010. <http://crazycomposer.blogspot.com/
Book Chen, Da. China's Son. New York City: Delacorte Press, 2001. Print.
"'Chinese Cultural Revolution Starts a Wave of Repression, 1966-1976.' ."
DISCovering World History. Online Edition. Gale,, 2003. Web. 28 Mar.
2010. <http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/History/ >.
Courtois, Stephane. "Black Book on Communism ." 1900-2000: a century of
Genocides. N.p., 1995. Web. 28 Mar. 2010. <http://www.scaruffi.com/
Book Jiang, Ji-Li. Red Scarf Girl-A Memior of the Cultural Revolution. Trans. David
Henry Hwang. New York City: HarperCollins Pubishers Inc., 1997. N. pag.
Liukkonen, Petri. Mao Zedong. N.p., May 2002. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.
<http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/mao.htm>. Citations: Satou, Yuki Satou, comp. Discovering China: A Cultural Revolution. N.p.,
June-July 2009. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <http://library.thinkquest.org/26469/
Schoenhals, M. "Cultural Revolution." INfoPlease. N.p., 2006. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.
Schoenhals, Michael. "Mao's Last Revolution." Harvard Univeristy:China. Harvard
University Press, 2006. Web. 28 Mar. 2010. <http://www.gov.harvard.edu/
Schram, S R. InfoPlease. N.p., 2007. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.
Watkins, Thayer. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China. N.p.,
Aug.-Sept. 2007. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/
Yuan, Lucile. China: the eternal dream. StudentsoftheWorld, n.d. Web. 27 Apr.
2010. <http://www.studentsoftheworld.com/China-theeternaldream>. By: Alex Kuvshinoff