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Copy of New York State Tenement Act of 1901
Transcript of Copy of New York State Tenement Act of 1901
Second Tenement House Act of 1879
The New York Tenement Act of 1901
The New York Tenement Act of 1901
Stated that, it was required to have air shafts in your bulding otherwise it was unsanitary.
By Jonah Hanks and Jacob Nunez
tenement-n. a low quality, desolate, inner-city living place, enhabited during the mid 19th to early 20th century by much of the mid to lower class, now commonly used to refer to common dwellings in Scottland
As a result of health and safety concerns, New York State passed legislation stating all tenement housing must have a fire escape and a window in every room.
This act required windows to face outwards, not a hallway, and to be open to fresh air and light.
In 1887, An amendment to the Second Tnement Act
Prior to these housing laws, most reform was undertaken by philanthropists and private individuals or organizations. This sequence of laws serves as an example of the Progressive belief that cleaner cities made better citizens.
The reform movement culminated in a prominent Tenement-House Exhibit of 1899 held in the old Fifth Avenue Sherry's, a Gilded Age center of elegant society. The comprehensive exhibit, conducted by Lawrence Veiller,covered a wide range of urban concerns including bathhouses and parks, pushing reform for the first time far beyond mere building design into the broader concerns of urban planning. The exhibit was followed by a two volume report to the New York State Tenement House Commission, leading directly to the writing of the 1901 New Law.
Then, in 1896, the New York Times wrote, "The chief objections to the old-style tenements are contracted quarters, lack of family privacy, and promiscuous toilet arrangements, inviting moral deterioration; lack of light and air, and of sanitary accommodations, insuring a large death rate, and danger from fire--that ever-present tenement horror. All of these are wickedly cruel when such houses are new; when they become old, dilapidated, infested with vermin and infected with disease germs, they are a disgrace to humanity and a menace, not only to the health of the unfortunate residents therein, but to the health of the whole community."
The Commission's report, submitted to the governor on February 18, 1901 and to the legislature a few days later, proposed a new tenement act. So effective was the CSO and the Tenement House Commission that a new law was passed with great rapidity. On April 12, 1901, only two months after the Commission issued its report, the Tenement House Act of 1901 became law.