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James Fannin

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Hannah Willette

on 18 November 2010

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Transcript of James Fannin

James Fannin was suspected to be born on January 1, 1804 in Georgia. He was raised on a plantation in near Marion. Fannin was the son of Dr. Isham Fannin, but was adopted by his grandfather (James W. Walker). He married Minerva Fort and had two daughters. Fannin moved to Texas in the autumn of 1834 and settled at Velasco. On August 20, 1835 Fannin was appointed by the committee of Safety and Correspondance to use his influence towards the Consultation, a meeting of Texas representatives to talk about the issues involving Mexico. He entered the U.S. Military Academy at West Point on July 1, 1819. Fannin enrolled under the name of James F. Walker, withdrew from the academy on November of 1821, and moved back to Georgia. He moved to Texas to supposedly work on a plantation, but also took part in a slave smuggling buisiness. Fannin wanted West Point officers to command the Texas Army, and requested financial aid for Texas. He was active in the Volunteer Army, and went to Gonzales as captain (under James Bowie) of the Brazos Guards. Fannin participated in the Battle of Gonzales at the Mission of Conception on October 2, 1813. He was sent with James Bowie as a scout to determine how rough the trail was between Gonzales and Bexar, as well as to secure supplies. Bowie and Fannin selected a location for the camp near the Nuestra Senora de la Purisima Concepcion de Acuna Mission and (Fannin) led Texas forces in the Battle of Concepcion on October 28. He was ordered to cut the Mexican supply route between Lared and San Antonio, but since he was not joined by a supporting force, he returned to the headquarters. On November 13 Sam Houston offered Fannin the position if Inspector General, but he recieved an honorable discharge on November 22, causing him to begin a campaign to make a larger regular army for the Texas's cause. Houston then made Fannin a colonel in the regular army on December 7th, but he declined the first time because generally speaking Fannin was against Sam Houston's policies. Eventually, Fannin did accept his position and began his duties. A few months later he was ordered to command 500 men at Goliad, acting as Commander in Chief of the army. When Fannin fell back to strengthen Goliad's defense, he learned that Mexicans now occupied Matamoros. The citizens near Refugio were slow to evacuate though, so after sending 2 relief forces that ultimately failed, Fannin returned to Goliad with no more than about 350 men. He and his men were wanted to help William Barrett Travis, but were also ordered by Sam Houston to retreat to Victoria. Fannin made the huge mistake of waiting to retreat until he heard of Amon B. King and William Ward's capture. When the heavy fog lifted off of where he and his troops were, he realized that they had been surrounded by Mexican soldiers. The Mexicans, led by General Jose Urrea, killed or wounded 60 of Fannin's men on March 19. More reinforcements came for Mexico, and a wounded Fannin and his men were captured and brought back to the presidio at Goliad. The captured Texans thought they would be treated as prisoners of the war, but Santa Anna ignored that and ordered them to be executed. On March 27, 1836 (Palm Sunday) Fannin and his men were shot and killed. James Fannin was seated in a chair and blindfolded. His last requests were that he be shot in the chest (not the head) and that he would have a proper Christian burial. The men, denying his wishes, shot Fannin in the head and placed him in a pile where he would later be burned. 500 men were killed in all. Historians and Texas officials have, throughout the years, tried to down-play this occurence and blame it all on Mexican soldiers for obvious reasons. It truly was a big blunder on Texas' part, and not actually a huge massacre. Fannin is definitely partly to blame for this event. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Fannin Works Cited
Chariton, Wallace O. Exploring the Alamo Legends. Dallas, TX: Republic of Texas, 2004. Print.
"Goliad Massacre." Lone Star Junction: A Texas and Texas History Resource. Web. 28 Oct. 2010. <http://www.lsjunction.com/events/goliad_m.htm>.
Hartman, Clinton P. "FANNIN, JAMES WALKER, JR." Handbook of Texas Online. Web. 28 Nov. 2010. <http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/FF/ffa2.html>.
Lack, Paul D. "Consultation." Handbook of Texas Online. Web. 28 Oct. 2010. <http://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/mjc08>.
Mintz, S. "The Texas Revolution." Digital History. Web. 29 Oct. 2010. <http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHI=312>.
Texas Biographical Dictionary. 3rd ed. Vol. 1. Print. The Beginning and moving to texas!!! Before the "big battle" Fannin's claim-to-fame In the end...
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