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Using GIS for Fire Pre-Incident Planning
Transcript of Using GIS for Fire Pre-Incident Planning
Why use GIS for Pre-Incident Planning
Keep the focus on the “Basic” or Task level
Demonstrate how to
I need information but why is it so hard to get?
What is a pre-incident plan?
In the fire service basically it’s a building diagram or diagram of other hazard (a map) with data associated with that building or feature
Sounds like GIS!
Also sounds like GEODESIGN!
Why do pre-incident plans?
Increases firefighter safety
Many NIOSH firefighter fatality reports cites lack of a pre-fire plan as a major problem
Provides information for first responders on an emergency scene
“Firefighter’s map of the hazard”
How it is done usually
Use graphics program
Third party software
Database maintained separately
Access or SQL Server
Tied into GIS with creating link from layer to file or reporting against database
Usually geocoded point file
Hand drawn for years
Hard to tell when changed happen
Not tied into GIS
Duplicate work done with mapping and pre-incident planning
Can export to another format like
Less technical to distribute
Same map, different layout!
Not out of style
blank preplan map from base
Can use digital pen to collect data (Adapx by Capturx)
Paper Edit Sample
Use Bing, Google, or local GIS Browser
Mark up image
ArcGIS Mobile comes with ArcView level license
Geared towards “task” level
Check out and sync data
Cloud based solution sitting on top of ArcGIS Server
Edit through the browser
Benefits of editing in Cloud
Still need local application (ArcGIS Desktop)
Increases Common Operating Picture
Can take advantage of several sources of data streams
Take a Picture
Make sure GPS is enabled
For features on the side of the building take a picture from approx. 20 feet away
For features on the ground take picture above image
Adding Image to Map
Download “ArcPhoto” from ESRI Resource Center
Make sure the image
Can’t be inside
Location accuracy is ~60-70 %
Who we support
Board of Directors are public safety practitioners
NAPSG was formed in 2005
3,000 public safety & GIS practitioners
9 Regional Leadership Teams
National Alliance for Public Safety GIS
To support the public safety and homeland security communities in the advancement of data interoperability and information sharing, through geospatial technology, in support of local and national emergency preparedness.
What NAPSG Does
"I need a map for two reasons; to get me to an incident safely and to show hazards I need to fix or avoid"
Base data is more and more detailed
GIS software is more user friendly
Augmented by other data
Why GIS Based Preplanning
Paper… The good and Not so Good
Easy to use
Can mark up
Not so Good
Hard to manage
Duplicating work (except with digital pen)
Bulk Map Production in ArcGIS
Data Driven Pages replaces DS Map Book
Use for Preplans as well as map books
Based on Index Grid
View Map Data in the Rig
Should be ArcObjects based
Map Object based programs can view data if the programming is robust
How to Manage Preplan Information?
Real time locations of personnel on an incident
By: Chris Rogers
3D Mapping of Preplan Data
Use Sketchup to augment
Not ready for the rigs…. Yet
Using Mapping for “Table Top”
Using a combination of
Can help in Tactics training and PIA
Fire Department Connections
Presentation: prezi.com search "
Using GIS for Fire Department Pre-Incident Planning"
How do I get started?
Old vs. New
(Pre) Incident-Level Symbology Workgroup
Identify best practices in:
Established effective process:
Limited common symbol set
Identify map types
Simple and Flexible symbology requirements
Geo Data Model
Map Templates for easy field-based implementation
Incident Map Types
Collected before incident
May use graphic or simple text
What do you need, 3 groups of layers
Base GIS data
Orthos, buildings, etc.
The “Map Grid”
Fire department layers
Building Features, Fire related items, hazards
Sample Database includes Index layer and FD Layers
Use the sample database or create your own
Invisible on output
A Quick Look
Create Index Grid (The Map Grid!)
Select from Create Feature
“Draw” around operational area
Edit Attribute Data
To Add drag and drop from Create Feature palette
To move use modify tool
To change attribute click this tool
Based on ArcGIS
Uses ESRI Add-In format
Simplified interface and editing tools
Some Great Firefighter (Harold Finkelstein)
Preplan with Aerial
Detail Preplan with Floorplan
Map Page with Preplan Data
Page used for editing
Get the Data!
Getting it into the Rigs
Broadband access increasing for public safety