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Using GIS for Fire Pre-Incident Planning

A short presentation on explaining the benefits of using GIS for fire service pre-incident planning.
by

Chris Rogers

on 9 July 2013

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Transcript of Using GIS for Fire Pre-Incident Planning

Using GIS for Fire Department Pre-Incident Planning
Goals
Why use GIS for Pre-Incident Planning
Keep the focus on the “Basic” or Task level
Demonstrate how to
Edit
Output
Give tips
I need information but why is it so hard to get?
What is a pre-incident plan?
In the fire service basically it’s a building diagram or diagram of other hazard (a map) with data associated with that building or feature
Sounds like GIS!
Also sounds like GEODESIGN!
Why do pre-incident plans?
Increases firefighter safety
Many NIOSH firefighter fatality reports cites lack of a pre-fire plan as a major problem
Provides information for first responders on an emergency scene
“Firefighter’s map of the hazard”
How it is done usually
Use graphics program
AutoCAD
Visio
Third party software
Database maintained separately
Access or SQL Server
Tied into GIS with creating link from layer to file or reporting against database
Usually geocoded point file
Previous History
Hand drawn for years
Not updated
Hard to tell when changed happen
Not tied into GIS
Duplicate work done with mapping and pre-incident planning
Hydrants
Streets
Etc.
Paper
Paper
Can export to another format like
JPG
PDF
Less technical to distribute
Challenge
Printing Costs
Paper
Same map, different layout!
Not out of style
Can use
aerial image
blank preplan map from base
Can use digital pen to collect data (Adapx by Capturx)
Paper
Paper Edit Sample
Use Bing, Google, or local GIS Browser
Mark up image
Mobile GIS
ArcGIS Mobile comes with ArcView level license
Geared towards “task” level
Check out and sync data
The Cloud
Cloud based solution sitting on top of ArcGIS Server
Edit through the browser
Benefits of editing in Cloud
Pros
Cons
Still need local application (ArcGIS Desktop)
Device agnostic
Easily shareable
ArcGIS
Google Earth
Bing Maps
Increases Common Operating Picture
Can take advantage of several sources of data streams
Take a Picture
Make sure GPS is enabled
For features on the side of the building take a picture from approx. 20 feet away
For features on the ground take picture above image
Adding Image to Map
Download “ArcPhoto” from ESRI Resource Center
Make sure the image
Challenges
Can’t be inside
Location accuracy is ~60-70 %
Who we support
Background
Board of Directors are public safety practitioners
NAPSG was formed in 2005
3,000 public safety & GIS practitioners
800+ agencies
9 Regional Leadership Teams
National Alliance for Public Safety GIS
To support the public safety and homeland security communities in the advancement of data interoperability and information sharing, through geospatial technology, in support of local and national emergency preparedness.
What NAPSG Does
"I need a map for two reasons; to get me to an incident safely and to show hazards I need to fix or avoid"
Base data is more and more detailed
GIS software is more user friendly
Augmented by other data
Why GIS Based Preplanning
Paper… The good and Not so Good
Good
Cheap!
Easy to use
Can mark up
Not so Good
Hard to manage
Duplicating work (except with digital pen)
Bulk Map Production in ArcGIS
Data Driven Pages replaces DS Map Book
Use for Preplans as well as map books
Based on Index Grid
View Map Data in the Rig
Should be ArcObjects based
Map Object based programs can view data if the programming is robust
Examples
Incident View
Adashi
GeoComm
Remote Access
Etc.
How to Manage Preplan Information?
The Future
Real time locations of personnel on an incident
4/25/2012
By: Chris Rogers
12
3D Mapping of Preplan Data
Programs
ArcGIS Explorer
ArcGlobe
Google Earth
Use Sketchup to augment
Not ready for the rigs…. Yet
Internet
Computer speed
Using Mapping for “Table Top”
Using a combination of
ArcGIS
Sketchup
Google Earth
Can help in Tactics training and PIA
Hydrant
Gas/Utilities
Fire Department Connections
Alarm Panels
Chris Rogers
crogers@publicsafetygis.org
http://www.napsgfoundation.org
Twitter: @napsgfoundation
@map_hoser
Presentation: prezi.com search "
Using GIS for Fire Department Pre-Incident Planning"
How do I get started?
Old vs. New
(Pre) Incident-Level Symbology Workgroup
Identify best practices in:
Pre-Incident Planning
Incident-level Symbology
Established effective process:
Limited common symbol set
Identify map types
Simple and Flexible symbology requirements
Output
Geo Data Model
Map Templates for easy field-based implementation
Incident Map Types
Pre-Incident Symbols
Collected before incident
NFPA 170
Colored Background
May use graphic or simple text
Database
What do you need, 3 groups of layers
Base GIS data
Orthos, buildings, etc.
Index layer
The “Map Grid”
Fire department layers
Building Features, Fire related items, hazards
Sample Database includes Index layer and FD Layers
Preplan Data
Use the sample database or create your own
Index Grid
Standalone
Invisible on output
Preplan Layers
At top
Grouped together
Preplan Layers
Index Grid
A Quick Look
Edit Data
Create Index Grid (The Map Grid!)
Select from Create Feature
“Draw” around operational area
Edit Attribute Data
Start Editing!
To Add drag and drop from Create Feature palette
To move use modify tool
To change attribute click this tool
ArcGIS Add-In
Based on ArcGIS
Uses ESRI Add-In format
Simplified interface and editing tools
In development
Some Great Firefighter (Harold Finkelstein)
Now
Preplan with Aerial
Typical Preplan
Preplan Overview
Detail Preplan with Floorplan
Map Page with Preplan Data
Page used for editing
Get the Data!
Getting it into the Rigs
Broadband access increasing for public safety
Full transcript