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Galileo Galilei

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Nancy _

on 4 June 2013

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Transcript of Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei ( 1564-1642 ) born on February 15, 1564 in Pisa, Italy Galileo was the eldest of seven children to parents Vincenzo Galilei and Guilia Ammannati Vicenzo, a musician, encouraged his son to study medicine At age eleven, Galileo began studying at a Jesuit monastery and then wanted to become a monk (1581) His father enrolled him at the University of Pisa where he eventually left without a degree There he was tutored full-time by the mathematician of the Tuscan court He later earned a living by tutoring students in mathematics He instigated progression in the study of physics and attempted to disprove Aristotle's theory of falling objects Galileo earned himself a teaching position at the University of Pisa after identifying the controversial location, shape, and dimensions of Dante's Inferno Using the Tower of Pisa, Galileo analyzed the rate at which objects of varying weight and size fell off the tower's peak In need of money, he later went on to create a rudimentary thermometer and military compass (1609) The rumored invention of a device that made distant objects appear nearer provoked Galileo to develop his own spyglass After rigorous experimentation, he created and demonstrated a 10 power telescope to a Senate in Venice As a mathematician, Galileo introduced fundamental theorems regarding motion and the centers of gravity By 1609 He had instituted a law of falling bodies that was inconsistent with the physics of Aristotle His conjecture suggested that the distance traveled by a fallen object is proportional to the square of the time passed and that the course of a projectile is a parabola (1582) He devised the law of pendulum after timing the swing of an overhead chandelier lamp contrary to his own heartbeat Some of Galileo's published works include:
- (1586) La Billancetta (The Little Balance) - (1638) Discourses and Mathematical Demonstrations Relating to Two New Sciences - (1632) Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems - (1590) On Motion - (1612) Discourse on Floating Bodies - (1610) The Starry Messenger - (ca. 1600) Mechanics During Galileo's time, the works of other distinguished minds such as German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Keppler and Italian philosopher Giordano Bruno were significant influences on Galileo's explorations But perhaps his most notable contribution to mathematics was his paradox which demonstrates the mapping of sets of numbers Galileo's paradox proposes that in the assigned mapping of two sets you will not run out of elements from one set before running out of elements from other Resources http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/224058/Galileo
http://www.westerncultureglobal.org/galileo.html Consequently, he was accused of heresy by some of the Church’s clergymen but was eventually relieved of all charges and prohibited from teaching Copernican theory Challenges Early Life Mathematics Science Though he was religious, Galileo did not agree with the strict assumption that the bible must be taken literally, while a significant amount of his work contradicted the ideas of the church Under threat of persecution, Galileo made a public confession the his statement about the Earth moving around the Sun was wrong, and was then put on house arrest until his death in January 1642 Later however, the Pope ordered Galileo to appear before the Roman Inquisition after banning the scientist’s publication “Dialogue on the Two Great Systems of the World” which supported the Copernican system His establishment of the law of falling bodies and law of projectiles enabled other mathematicians and scientists such as Isaac Newton to later discovered the laws of motion Though Galileo is notably recognized as a famous astronomer, he pioneered a legacy of innovation in the field physics
Legacy Conclusively, his devotion to solving complex mathematic systems against an authoritative directive, inspired others like Albert Einstein to pursue their own scientific aspirations His data and rational analysis of gravitational principles also lead to greater ingenuity in the studies of rationality and quantum mechanics In the course of this time period, beginning around 1540, technological advancements gave way to the Scientific Revolution The revolution began the spread of unprecedented and groundbreaking ideas and experimentation in the disciplines of motion, physics, astronomy, and philosophy Other philosophers including Sir Francis Bacon also contributed their methods of reasoning and understanding to help establish the Scientific Method, which has allowed scientists throughout history to organize their observations in a more accurate and cohesive way
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