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The Fault in our Stars By John and Joie

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John Paglia

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of The Fault in our Stars By John and Joie

THE FAULT IN OUR STARS
STRUCTURE
SUMMARY
CHARACTERS
SETTING
2012
Suburbs of Indianapolis, Indiana
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Economic recession
JOHN MICHAEL GREEN
Born August 24, 1977
Indianapolis,Indiana
Weeks after his birth he and his family moved to Orlando, Fl.
Attended Lake Highland Preparatory.
Used as the setting for
"Looking For Alaska."
Graduated from Kenyon College,2000.
Majord in English and Religious Studies.
Paper Towns
(2008),
Let it Snow
(2008),
Will Grayson, Will Grayson
(2010)
THE FAULT IN OUR STARS
January 10, 2012
Young Adult Novel
#1 on New York Times bestseller.
JOIE JERNIGAN AND JOHN PAGLIA
HAZEL GRACE LANCASTER
Main Protagonist
Suffers from cancer
Stage 4 thyroid cancer
Metastasis in her lungs
Lives with her mother and father.
Loves reading poetry and novels
Finish High School with a G.E.D. during her soffomore year.
Attends collage
Attends a support group at the church.
Falls in love with Augustus Waters.
“I'm a grenade and at some point I'm going to blow up and I would like to minimize the casualties, okay?”
(Green 86)

AUGUSTUS "GUS" WATERS
Main Protagonist
Suffers from cancer
Osteosarcoma
Amputated right leg
Used to play basketball
Falls in love with Hazel Grace Lancaster
Later dies from cancer
"The cigarette dangled unlit from the unsmiling corner of his mouth 'They don't kill you unless you light them.'"
(Green 23)
ISAAC
Augustus's best friend
Cancer in his eyes
Surgically removed
Goes blind
Enjoys playing video games with Gus
"'Okay, so I went into clinic this morning, and was telling my surgeon that I'd rather be deaf than blind.' And he said, 'It doesn't work that way.'"
(Green 21)

MRS. LANCASTER
Hazel's mother
Knows the most about Hazel's condition
Travels with Hazel and Gus to Amsterdam
For the most part, never leaves Hazel's side.
Loves to celebrate anything worth celebrating.
"IT'S ARBOR DAY! LET'S HUG TREES AND EAT CAKE! COLUMBUS BROUGHT SMALLPOX TO THE NATIVES; WE SHALL RECALL THE OCCASION WITH A PICNIC!"
(Green 41)
PETER VAN HOUTEN
Author of
An Imperial Affliction
.
Hazel and Gus's favorite book.
Lives in Amsterdam, Netherlands
Suffers from alcoholism
Gus and Hazel travel to meet him
Lidewij Vlegenthart is his assistant
"But to these Americans, you must tell them to leave at once, that there has been a terrible mistake."
(Green 149)
The story is in first person, narrated by the main character, Hazel Grace Lancaster. The story follows her journey battling cancer and falling in love. It often gives us a more in depth view of a young girl with possibly terminal cancer.
The novel is in chronological order but occasionally flashes back to give us an insight in Hazel's battle with cancer.
THEME
Through hard times with cancer love will always triumph.
Augustus was re-diagnosed with cancer but instead of staying and fighting with it, he travels to Amsterdam to spend more time with Hazel.
When Augustus was dying on his bed he took the time and wrote a letter to Peter Van Houton to ask if he would write a eulagy for Hazel.
THEME
No matter what opsticals appear never stop fighting for you dreams.
Although barely able to travel anywhere Hazel finds the strength to go to Amsterdam and meet the person who could answer her questions.
Augustus uses his wish and gives it to Hazel so they can both fly to Amsterdam.
MOOD
There is always a feeling of lack of time because they dont know how much time they have left together and alive.
A feeling of saddness and depression because no matter what happens someone was going die.
A feeling of happiness because they found someone to spend their last days with that understood what they were going through.
SYMBOLISM
"They don't kill you unless you light them," he said as Mom arrived at the curb. "And I've never lit one. It's a metaphor, see: You put the killing thing right between your teeth, but you don't give it the power to do its killing."
(Green 24)
A major symbol through out the book is Cigarettes. Augusts Waters periodically takes out a cigarette and places it is his mouth but never lights it. He explains that if you don't give it the power it can't kill you. It is also a metaphor for fitting cancer, if you give up on the fight then cancer has the right to kill you.
"Late in the winter of my seventeenth year, my mother decided I was depressed, presumably because I rarely left they house, spent quite a lot of time in bed, read the same book over and over, ate infrequently, and devoted quite a bit of my abundant free time to thinking about death."
(Green 1)
“Without pain, how could we know joy?' This is an old argument in the field of thinking about suffering and its stupidity and lack of sophistication could be plumbed for centuries but suffice it to say that the existence of broccoli does not, in any way, affect the taste of chocolate.”
(Green 35)
“A nurse asked me about the pain, and I couldn’t even speak, so I held up nine fingers.Later, after they’d given me something, the nurse came in and she was kind of stroking my hand while she took my blood pressure and she said, 'You know how I know you’re a fighter? You called a ten a nine.'But that wasn’t quite right. I called it a nine because I was saving my ten. And here it was, the great and terrible ten, slamming me again and again as I lay still and alone in my bed staring at the ceiling”
(Green 221)
"The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars/ But in ourselves."
-Shakespeare,
Julius Caesar
“On Tuesday, they told me I'd go home on Wednesday. On Wednesday, two minimally supervised medical students removed my chest tube, which felt like getting stabbed in reverse and generally didn't go very well, so they decided I'd have to stay until Thursday. I was beginning to think that I was the subject of some existentialist experiment in permanently delayed gratification when Dr. Maria showed up on Friday morning, sniffed around me for a minute, and told me I was good to go.”
(Green 94)
Cancers
Hazel
Stage Four Thyroid Cancer With Metastasis In The Lungs
Normal thyroid cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When normal cells grow old or get damaged, they die, and new cells take their place. Sometimes, this goes wrong. New cells form when the body does not need them, and old or damaged cells do not die as they should. The buildup of extra cells often forms a mass of tissue or tumor. Sometimes more tumors grow in different places on the body, but the cancer cells are still the same. If thyroid cancer spreads to the lungs, the cancer cells in the lungs are actually thyroid cancer cells. The disease is metastatic thyroid cancer, not lung cancer(National Cancer Institue).
Hazel has suffered from this since she was thirteen years old. She almost died because of fluid in her lungs from the Metastasis in her lungs. She is often found through out the book saying some variation of "If I had lungs that remembered they were lungs," for she cannot breath without assistance.
Augustus
Bibliography
Green, John. The fault in our stars. New York: Dutton Books, 2012. Print.
"National Cancer Institute." What You Need To Know About™Thyroid Cancer
-. N.p., 07 May 2012. Web. 21 Jan.2014. <http://
www.cancer.govcancertopics/wyntk/thyroid/page1/AllPages>.
Osterosarcoma
Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer, and the sixth most common type of cancer in children. Osteosarcoma is one of the few that actually begin in bones and sometimes spread elsewhere, usually to the lungs or other bones. It most commonly affects teens who are experiencing a growth spurt. Boys are more likely to have osteosarcoma than girls, and most cases of osteosarcoma involve the knee.rise from random and unpredictable errors in the DNA of growing bone cells during times of intense bone growth. One of the best treatments of this cancer is amputation of the affected limb, then Chemo to keep the cells from returning (KidsHealth®).
Agustus had suffered from this disease when he was fifteen and had to have his leg amputated. He then entered remission for over a year and was believed to be cancer free, but it does come back during his time with Hazel and it kills him.
"Osteosarcoma." KidsHealth. Ed. Christopher N. Frantz. The Nemours
Foundation, 01 Aug. 2011. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://
kidshealth.org/parent/medical/cancer/cancer_osteosarcoma.html>.
Isaac
Eye Cancer
Eye cancer is a general term used to describe many types of tumors that occur in various parts of the eye. It occurs when cells in or around the eye change and grow uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor may be benign or malignant. Cancer that forms in the eyeball is called an intraocular malignancy(American Society of Clinical Oncology).
Isaac's eye cancer is never given a specific name. He has had this cancer since he was a child. When we first meet him he has had one eye removed and has glasses for his other that are so strong his eye is magnified. He later has that one removed as well and becomes fully blind.
"Eye Cancer." Cancer.Net. N.p., May 2012. Web. 21 Jan. 2014. <http://
www.cancer.net/cancer-types/eye-cancer>.
LIDEWIJ VLIEGENTHART
Assistant to Peter Van Houten.
Stays in touch with both Hazel and Augustus before and after there trip to Amsterdam.
Quiets her job because of the way Peter is treating Hazel and Augustus.
"'I RESIGN!' Lidewij shouted. There were tears in her eyes. But I wasn't angry."
(Green 154)
"John Green’s Biography." John Green RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan.
2014.<http://johngreenbooks.com/bio-contact/>.
The novel is narrated by Hazel Grace Lancaster, a sixteen year old girl with Stage Four Thyroid Cancer with Lung Metastasis. She has a problem breathing without assistance and carries around a small air tank that is constantly streaming her pure oxygen. Hazel finished high school early, and has already begun to pursue a college education. Within the first few pages we are introduced to most of the main characters. Hazel is forced into a group therapy session because her parents believed her depressed. There we meet Isaac, a young half blind eye cancer survivor. Also during the first meeting in the book Hazel meets for the first time a seventeen year old osteosarcoma survivor named Augustus “Gus” Waters. Isaac has had one eye removed and is almost completely blind in the other. Augustus has had his right leg removed and is currently in remission.
During this first meeting Hazel and Gus make a silent connection through a shared view on oblivion/death. After the meeting is over Gus invites Hazel to a movie, while waiting for her mother. Gus introduces us to a reoccurring symbol and metaphor with a cigarette. He expresses the idea that if you don’t light it, it can’t kill you. It was during their movie date that Hazel introduces us to the idea of another character, through her favorite book, An Imperial Affliction. This character is the novels author Peter van Houten. Through the next few days Hazel and Gus talk back and forth through text messages and phone calls about her favorite book which he promised to read and his favorite book which she promised to read.
As Hazel begins to realize that she is falling in love with Augustus she tries to pull away stating that she is “A grenade” and wants to “minimize the casualties” when she passes. During this time Gus manages to get in-contact with Van Houten’s assistant. Hazel is then able to get in-contact as well. All Hazel wants to know is what happened to some of the characters from An Imperial Affliction because the story ends in the middle of a sentence because the main character and narrator dies. Van Houten replies to both of them stating that if they wish to know what happens to the characters then they would have to meet in person, in the Netherlands. When told this Hazel thinks she will never know for she already used her ‘Wish’ from “The Genies”. She has hope again when Gus tells that he never used his and would like to take her with him to meet this man.

SUMMARY
Though before anything can happen she is admitted to the hospital with serious pneumonia where she spends a week in and out of consciousness. Unknown to her at the time Gus visits her several times over the course of that week and admits his feelings for her. She is later released and cleared to travel to Amsterdam. Hazel also finally admits to herself that she has fallen in love with Augustus.
On their first night in Amsterdam they are treated to an elaborate meal at Van Houten’s home provided by his assistant Lidewij. Peter is less than anything the teens had expected. He was a drunken rude man. After they leave with his assistant who confesses that she had hoped that seeing fans like them would encourage him to write again. Lidewij takes them to the Anne Frank house where Hazel and Gus share their first kiss and all in the room applaud.
It was later, after they had returned home that Augustus reveals that his cancer had retuned and had spread to several other places. Hazel is broken hearted and Gus promises to fight as long as he could to be with her. He is started on an aggressive treatment but is not expected to live long. The two continue to live their lives together to the fullest, through the pain and struggle of his cancer. Not long before he dies Gus asks for a pre-funeral so he would know what people thought of him. Isaac takes the opportunity to take out his frustrations and also praise Gus. Eight days later, Augustus dies. At his funeral Hazel finds Van Houten who had traveled to America to apologize and to explain. He was overwhelmed by their presence for he had had a daughter who had died from cancer when she was around the same age as Hazel. As Hazel mourns Gus’ death she spends time with Isaac who told her that Gus had left a letter behind. In this letter he reveals that he had written to Van Houten and asked to write another book and to write a Eulogy for Hazel. The novel ends with a letter from Hazel to Augustus expressing her love for him and the gratitude to him that he was in her life for even the short amount of time he was alive. That he had given her infinity in a numbered amount of days.


QUOTES
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