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Medicine In World War 1
Transcript of Medicine In World War 1
What developments were made in medicine during WW1 ? What were some of the medical needs ? What discovery's were made in science ? How did medicine improve from WW1 to today? What medicine and tools were used to treat people? Emily Damian
Yazmin Lara Who worked in medical fields and what did they do? Where there dentist and how was oral care back then? Did they work on battle fields and where were they located ? How were medical providers certified ? Emily Vocabulary in Medicine : Anemia- is a condition that develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin. Anesthesia - the doctors use this drug to num the patients so it would not hurt or the patients won't be in pain. Amputees - a person who has lost all or parts of an arm, hand, leg etc. Vaccination - is taking a vaccine to create immunity to prevent contracting a disease. Influenza - An acute, commonly epic dicease caused by numerous rapidly mutating viral stains. Blood Transfusion - the injection of blood from one person or animal into the bloodstream of another. Trench fever - a recurrent fever, often suffered by soldiers in trenches in World War I, caused by a rickettsia transmitted by the body louse. Venereology - the branch of medicine dealing with the study and treatment of venereal, or sexually transmitted, disease. Diabetes - a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, usually occurring in genetically predisposed individuals, characterized by inadequate production or utilization of insulin and resulting in excessive amounts of glucose in the blood and urine Lice - tiny, wingless insects which make their home in human hair and feed on human blood. Typhoid Fever- an infectious, often fatal, febrile disease, usually of the summer months, characterized by intestinal inflammation and ulceration Psychiatry - the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders American Red Cross - its the cross used to label where medical need was provided Radiology - the science dealing with x-rays or nuclear radiation, especially for medical uses. Medic - a member of the medical corps like a doctor or a intern. Shell Shock - loss of sight, memory, etc, resulting from psychological strain during prolonged engagement in warfare Trench Foot - Injury of the skin, blood vessels, and nerves of the feet due to prolonged exposure to cold and wet, common among soldiers serving in trenches. Some developments that were made in medicine during WW1 were tools used to treat soldiers. There was also a big improvement in how sanitary they were because illnesses would spread by not cleaning their equipment. They needed treatment to cure influenza , trench fever, lice, diabetes, typhoid fever, sanitation, hygiene, venereology, and psychiatry.
There were also need for more medics because there were to many people being injured. WW1 brought a major change in military medical service. Blood transfusions were one of the most important advances, but getting the blood type was learned by trial and error.
As days would pass, they learned more sanitary and organized, because if they didn't clean their tools they could spread infections. We slowly learned to operate without pain. They learned to num people by drugging them with anesthesia instead of making them go through pain. Everything was learned through trial and error, most of the things they dicovered weren't planned, they were done by accident. The tools used to treat people were a saw, scissors, tweasers, and water. They usually tried to help people with there hands because tools where limited. But as time went on tools improved and they were safer to use on the solders. Women worked in the medical fields they were used to help injured patients and the men usually were fighting. The women would try their best to cure the soldiers from injuries and if their injures were especially severe, they would have to saw off the body parts and or stitch up the wounds without adhesive. Since in thoughts day they didn't have all the equipment to cure people correctly. There was a very low amount of dentists and many of them didn't have a lot of medical experience, so people wouldn't wash there mouth very well, they would just rinse it with water which lead to rottening of teeth and for them to fall out. No they didnt work on battlefields because it was to dangerous to work on fields. They would be very likely to get hurt as well. Instead they would wait till dark to get them or they would try to make their way to the back of the battlefield because they were lines of tents where medical help were located. Medical providers usually had somebody in the family that would also work in the medical fields and they would learn most of there information from them and others learned from friends. They would also learn things by doing hands on work. Bibliography : Typhoid Fever - an infectious, often fatal, febrile disease, usually of the summer months, also come from foods and drinks. PTSD - post traumatic stress disorder. Yazmin Vocabulary "Firstworldwar.com." First World War.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://firstworldwar.com/photos/medical.htm>.
"The Medical Front WWI | Medical History | World War One, The Great War, WW1 | The First World War @ Www.vlib.us." The Medical Front WWI | Medical History | World War One, The Great War, WW1 | The First World War @ Www.vlib.us. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://www.vlib.us/medical/>.
"World War 1: Documenting the First Total War of the 20th Century." World War I. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://www.yale.edu/collections_collaborative/WW1/medicine.html>. September 26,2012 The End