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J.R.R. Tolkien's Universe - Elvish Tongues (Sindarin)

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Sarah Backhaus

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of J.R.R. Tolkien's Universe - Elvish Tongues (Sindarin)

Language Distribution
Middle Earth
Who speaks Sindarin?
Dialects of Sindarin
Old Sindarin
What is Sindarin?
Table of Contents
Introduction
Tolkien as Linguist
Language distribution of Elvish
Sociolinguistics
History
Internal
External
Characteristics of Sindarin
Phonology
Morphology
Writing
Lexis
J.R.R. Tolkien's Universe - Elvish Tongues (Sindarin)
Noldorin Sindarin
Common Sindarin
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien
fun facts about Tolkien:
just like Hobbits, he adores tobacco and fireworks
he was once kidnapped in South Africa
he typed the LOTR manuscript with only 2 fingers

- 1907 first invention
- 1911 attendance to Exeter College (Oxford)
- 1915 graduated with a first class degree
- 1918 assistant lexicographer on the New English Dictionary

- after WWI became professor for Anglo-Saxon (Old English)
- research and translations on OE mythology

- later linguistic research decreased (focus on writing)
1930: started to write "The Hobbit"
1937: started to write "LOTR"
Tolkien as Linguist
videoclip on Sindarin
The Grey-elven tongue, the tongue of the Elves of Beleriand
Sindar
Noldor
Men
Development of the Language
Primitive Quendian (by all Elves)
Common Eldarin (by the three clans)
Common Telerin (by the remained Teleri)
Old Sindarin
Sindarin
(The lingua franca of all Elves and Men in Baleriand)
before the return of the Noldor
Northern Dialect
Southern Dialect
North-Western Dialect
North-Eastern Dialect
Doriathrin (Central Sindarin)
Falathrin (West Sindarin)
West Sindarin
East Sindarin
Doriathrin
Sindarin in the real world
Developing the language from Gnomish to Sindarin
Gnomish
Noldorin
Noldorin+Ilkorin
Sindarin
Posthumous development of the language
newly coined words by linguist for derivatives
research on the language
The Elvish Linguistic Fellowship (E.L.F.)
Vinya Tengwar
Parma Eldalamberon
Tengwestië
Sindarin on the Internet
Wikia (http://lotr.wikia.com/wiki/Sindarin)
Fan-made websites (http://www.sindarin.de/index.html)
Phonology
Sources (Natural Languages)
Graphemes and their pronunciation
Pronunciation exercise
Arwen: Renich i lú i erui govannem?

Aragorn: Nauthannen i ned ôl reniannen.

Arwen: Gwenwin in enninath...

Arwen: Ú-'arnech in naeth i si celich.

Arwen: Renich i beth i pennen?
Morphology
unpublished
extremely complex
Sindarin as fusional and highly irregular language
very inflectional (not systematical)
mutation and assimilation (sounds)
Lexis
No grammatical gender (only grammatical number)
2008: around 25,000 Elvish words
Lexicon lacks modern/technical terms
Corpora: books by Tolkien, unpublished linguistic texts and sketches
Elvish words mostly not related to natural languages
Writing
Tengwar alphabet
Syntax S-V-O
sources
http://www.tolkiensociety.org/author/biography/
Conley, Tim; Cain, Stephen (2006). Encyclopedia of Fictional and Fantastic Languages. Greenwood Publishing Group
Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel (1955). The Lord of the Rings. Part Three: The Return of the King. George Allen & Unwin: Glasgow
Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel/ Tolkien, Christopher. 1996. The peoples of Middle Earth. London : Allen & Unwin.
Hostetter, C. F. 2006. Elvish as she is spoke. In W. G. Hammond & C. Scull (eds.) The Lord of the Rings 1954-2004: Scholarship in Honour of Richard E. Blackwelder. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 231-255.
Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel (1977). The Sillmarillion.. George Allan & Unwin: London.
Universität Bonn
Invented Languages (Susanne Mohr)
Daniel Kaspari, Jing Zhang,Sarah Backhaus

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