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Political aspects from 1912 and 1945...
Transcript of Political aspects from 1912 and 1945...
Political aspects from 1912-1945.
The play 'An inspector calls' is set in 1912, but written in 1945. This is significant as there were a lot of changes happening during that time period as this was the period of the Russian revolution, two appalling world wars, the holocaust and the atom bomb.
What is the definition of capitalism?
Capitalism is an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
What is the definition of socialism?
socialism is a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.
Political aspects when play was written (1945)
J. B. Priestleys political views
In the 1930s Priestly became concerned with the political situation in the UK. Priestley became concerned with the social inequality in Britain. Therefore in 1942 Priestley and others set up the Common Wealth Party. The party argued for public ownership of land, greater democracy and new morality in politics. CWP later on merged with the Labour party in 1945. Priestley was also influential in the idea of welfare state which began to be put into place after the war.
He believed that further world wars could only be avoided through cooperation and mutual respect between countries, and so became active in the early movement for a United Nations. And as the nuclear arms race between West and East began in the 1950s, he helped to found CND, hoping that Britain would set an example to the world by a moral act of nuclear disarmament.
Political aspects when play was set (1912):
The The Second World War ended in Europe on 8 May 1945. People were recovering from nearly six years of warfare, danger and uncertainty.
Class distinctions had been greatly reduced as a result of two world wars.
As a result of the wars, women had earned a more valued place in society.There was a great desire for social change. Immediately after The Second World War, Clement Attlee's Labour Party won a landslide victory over Winston Churchill and the Conservatives.
Comparison between 1912-1945
The ruling classes saw no need to change the status quo.
There was a great desire for social change.
Birling's optimistic view that there would not be a war is completely wrong.
People were recovering from nearly six years of warfare, danger and uncertainty.
The First World War would start in two years. Birling's optimistic view that there would not be a war is completely wrong.
There were strong distinctions between the upper and lower classes.
Women were subservient to men. All a well off women could do was get married; a poor woman was seen as cheap labour.
The ruling classes saw no need to change the status levels.