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The Maze Runner
Transcript of The Maze Runner
The Initiation is section 2 of 3 that the Heroic Journey steps are organized in. The 6 steps of the Initiation are:
The Heroic Journey
The Hero’s Journey is a pattern of narrative identified by the American scholar Joseph Campbell that appears in drama, storytelling, myth, religious ritual, and psychological development. It describes the typical adventure of the archetype known as The Hero, the person who goes out and achieves great deeds on behalf of the group, tribe, or civilization. -www.thewritersjourney.com
The Departure is the first of three sections that the Heroic Journey steps are organized in. There are 5 steps in the Departure:
Call to Adventure
A boy named Thomas, in the book The Maze Runner by James Dashner, finds himself in another world called The Glade. The first step of the Heroic Journey happens on page 6 when Thomas arrives at the Glade. Thomas asks, “Where am I?” The response he gets is, “nowhere good.” The response that Thomas receives symbolizes that Thomas is not in the peace of normal life anymore. The Glade will not be the same as what he knows life as. Another example of The Call to Adventure is on page 1 as Thomas is moving up in the Box to what readers later find out is The Glade. The boy says in his head, “My name is Thomas.” The author then says in the next line, “That was the only thing he could remember about his life.” The quote on page 6 shows that Thomas’ life will change because Thomas realizes that his brain is functioning normally, but also realizes that he does not know where he came from or how he had gotten into the dark lift. Thomas' memory loss symbolizes The Call to Adventure because it is the point at which Thomas realizes his life is going to change.
The Refusal of the Call
On page 26, Chuck, Thomas’ new friend, is talking about what is outside the Glade to Thomas. Chuck calls the parts outside of The Glade a "maze." According to the text, Thomas “almost started laughing to himself” (26) when Chuck said the word. Thomas' laughter does not symbolize something funny, the laughter had to be nervous laughter because Thomas is realizing that things are changing and these things do not seem real in his eyes. Finding out that what was outside of the Glade was a maze made Thomas scared, signaling the nervous laughter. Thomas does not want to believe that coming to the Glade experience is real life. Another example of the Refusal is when Thomas sees a Griever for the first time. The night before, when Thomas witnessed the Runners, also for the first time, he thought that he would want to be one of them one day. On page 39, when Thomas sees the Griever the next morning, he gets scared. The author describes Thomas’ feelings as, “The courage he’d felt the previous evening melting away.” What the author described showed that Thomas will be scared and he now feels like being a Runner and going into the maze is not for him. Thomas wondered, according to the reading, “...how he can ever go out there.” (39) The wonder and fear in Thomas’ mind shows doubt in himself and whether he can take on the Call to Adventure, and when the hero experiences fear or doubt that holds him from going on the quest, the Refusal of the Call is represented.
The Maze Runner
Crossing of the First Threshold
Minho, the head runner in The Glade, came back to The Glade from his daily run with a huge discovery one day. Minho found a dead griever, which is a rare discovery and something that no Glader has ever seen before. Minho and Alby, the leader of the Gladers, go out into the Maze to check out Minho's discovery. After some time, the Gladers, especially Newt, get worried because the two boys are not back to the Glade yet and the walls are set to close very soon. When the two boys are spotted running back, they are moving very slowly and look tired. Alby dos not look like he is moving much. But, the walls are closing and it is doubtful that they will make it back in time. When Thomas sees that the boys will not make it, he makes the brave, split second move of stepping outside of the walls. The readers find out that this will be an adventure for life and death on page 113 when Minho says to Thomas, "Greenie, if you think that was brave comin' out here, listen up. You're the shuckiest shuck-faced shuck there ever was. You're as good as dead just like us." Minho is trying to tell Thomas that he had made the wrong decision. Thomas is now spending a night outside of the Glade trying to survive with the creatures that scared him at the window of the West Wall only a couple of days before this event. Another reason how the readers find out that this adventure will be a challenge for Thomas is when Minho says to Thomas on page 113, "Whatever, dude. Break the Number One Rule, kill yourself, whatever." Minho says the line on page 113 to Thomas because, although it was a brave and kind gesture for Thomas to step outside of the Glade, it was a very risky move. We learned earlier in the book that nobody has ever survived a night in the Maze. Thomas stepping out into the Maze shows The Crossing of the First Threshold because it shows Thomas crossing the field of adventure and going away from his known limitations of The Glade and venturing into unknown and very dangerous realm.
The Belly of the Whale
In The Maze Runner, when Thomas was in the Maze with Alby and Minho, he was at his lowest point but also was being separated between his old and new world. Thomas also shows potential for how he can help The Gladers become successful at conquering the Maze. One event that happens that shows Thomas' changing and potential is when he saves Alby. The Grievers are coming for Thomas, he can hear them, but Alby has been "pricked" by a Griever and is in a coma-like state. With the Grievers coming, Thomas had to save his friend. The author explains that Thomas "pulled the lifeless body onto his back and pushed with his legs, grunting with the effort." (120) Thomas' effort shows that Thomas is, again, putting his life on the line for his friend. Thomas shows potential by showing that he will not give up, even when it seemed hopeless for Alby because Alby could not move or do anything on his own at the time. Another way that Thomas shows potential and changing is by out-running and out-smarting the Grievers, along with Minho, in order to survive. Thomas had the idea that eventually in the end saved his and Minho's life. The way the author put it is the Griever and Thomas were running at each other and it looked like they were both ready to collide head on. But, as James Dashner says on page 134, "At the last second before collision, just as he got a close look at the metal and hair and slime, Thomas planted his left foot and dove to the right. Unable to stop its momentum, the Griever zoomed straight past him before it shuddered to a halt..." The actions of Thomas showed here by faking out the Griever shows quick thinking in critical times. These moves also inspired Minho, who watched Thomas fake out the Griever, to use the same tactics later when the boys were faced with the Grievers again. This time, it was not one Griever, but three that were tricked by Thomas' tactic. Thomas showed his potential and his final separation from his old world when faced with the challenge of the Maze, therefore representing the Belly of the Whale.
Thomas now knows at this point of the story that the only way out of the Maze is to find a way, as the Runners try to do every single day. Then, Thomas' aid or helper appears to help him on his quest to find a solution to the Maze. Theresa comes through the Box, as all of the other boys did, but is special because she is the first girl that the Glade has ever received from the Creators of the Maze who send people and supplies to the Gladers. The readers find out that Theresa was sent for Thomas because of what Thomas thinks on page 59, "She did seem familiar; he felt a connection to her, though it was impossible to grasp in his mind." Thomas' thoughts are important because they show that Thomas feels a connection to Theresa. The connection between the two could show that Theresa will be a help to Thomas in the long run because it is not normal that two people come up to the Glade through the Box just days apart, and it is abnormal that either of people turn out to be a girl. A girl coming through the Box and Thomas and Theresa coming to the Glade days apart has to mean something special. Another reason why Theresa could be a helper to Thomas is the ability that they find out that they have later in the book. Theresa and Thomas have the ability to speak to each other through their minds. For example, on pages 182-183, Thomas is telling Newt how he feels like he knows the girl, but cannot think of the girl's name. At that time, a girl's voice appears in Thomas' head saying simply, "Theresa." This voice in Thomas' head sends Thomas into a panic, but also shows how Theresa has the ability to talk to Thomas in his head where nobody else can hear. Thomas does not realize it yet, but he has the same ability. They are the only two Gladers to have the ability, so there has to be a reason why the Creators gave Theresa and Thomas this power. These hints show the readers that Theresa and Thomas are meant to be united and that Theresa can guide Thomas on his quest, showing Supernatural Aid in the Maze Runner.
The Road of Trials
Meeting with the Goddess
In The Maze Runner, Theresa was in her coma and had not woken up since the day she had come to the Glade. Despite being asleep, Theresa is able to talk to Thomas telepathically. For example, Theresa says to Thomas telepathically on page 184, "Tom, we're the last ones. It'll end soon. It has to." After Theresa says that the Maze has to end soon, Thomas gets nervous. Theresa senses his feelings somehow and says to Thomas in his head, "Tom, don't freak out on me." These lines show that Thomas and Theresa are united to each other. The connection is so powerful that Theresa can even sense that Thomas was feeling nervous. The bond continues between the two when Theresa wakes up. When Theresa and Thomas meet for the first time, the bond is shown from before the memory loss and the Glade. Thomas says when Theresa calls him "Tom" that he likes when she calls him that. Thomas then says, "...most people call me Thomas. Well, except Newt- he calls me Tommy. Tom makes me feel... like I'm at home or something." The connection between Theresa and Thomas shows that Thomas and Theresa get along right away. When Tom is with Theresa, he feels a connection back to home. Thomas, the hero, and Theresa, the powerful female, are united by their ability to talk in each other's heads and are bonding with each other from the first time that they meet, showing the Meeting With the Goddess in the Heroic Journey.
Atonement with the Father
In the book The Maze Runner, Thomas goes through two different jobs in the Glade to find out that the job he really wants to do is to become a Runner. Thomas says that he should be a Runner because of his bravery. On page 166 of The Maze Runner, Thomas says to the Council, "I didn't do anything wrong. All I know is I saw two people struggling to get in these two walls and they couldn't make it. To ignore that because of some stupid rule seemed selfish, cowardly, and ... well, stupid. If you want to throw me in jail for trying to save someone's life, then go ahead. Next time I promise I'll point at them and laugh, then go eat some of Frypan's dinner." The quote shows that Thomas is able to stick up for himself no matter what is thrown back at him, such as if someone makes fun of or somebody showed anger towards Thomas, Thomas would stick up for himself. Thomas not backing down shows Thomas' strength. The quote also shows that Thomas is brave enough to be a Runner in the Maze because of how he saved Alby and Minho the other night. Bravery and strength are two things that Runners need, therefore making Thomas a worthy candidate to be a Runner. Thomas had also done amazing things that night, as discussed in the Gathering. On page 154, Zart, a member of the Council, said about Thomas, "...he's changed things. Now we know that we can survive out there, and that we can beat the Grievers." What Zart says shows how pivotal it was when Thomas stepped out into the Maze with Minho and Alby. The Gladers received valuable information that night because nobody has ever survived a night in the Maze. The Gladers now found out that survival at night is possible. What Thomas did opened many new opportunities for success in the Glade and more ways to possibly find a solution to the Maze. The steps Thomas took and the courage it took to take those steps signifies, again, bravery, strength and courage which Runners need to run in the Maze. Therefore, due to the steps Thomas took and the bravery it took to take those steps, Thomas did everything he could to convince the Council to let him be a Runner and not spend time in the Slammer for breaking the number one rule of the Glade, never going out into the Maze at night. Thomas tried to convince the ultimate power in his life, which is the Council, to become a Runner. Thomas eventually becomes a Runner and begins a new chapter of his life in the Glade trying to find a solution or exit to the Maze, signifying the Heroic Journey step of Atonement with the Father. The beliefs of Thomas and the Council were compatible with one another, agreeing about Thomas becoming a Runner.
The Ultimate Boon
In The Maze Runner, the Gladers make an attempt to escape the Maze because they all have nothing to live for anymore in the "shut down" Glade. The Gladers decide that it is better for them to die fighting than to be waiting in the Glade for the Grievers to come and eat one boy each night. To achieve freedom from the Maze, all of the Gladers must fight the Grievers. The plan is to get Thomas and Theresa into the Griever Hole, which is off of the cliff, so that they can plug in a code that they discovered and press the button that turns off the Grievers and the Maze. It will allow the surviving Gladers to escape. In this part of the book, Thomas achieves survival and escapes from the Maze, which was his overall goal since coming to the Glade. Readers know that the goal has been achieved when Theresa and Thomas are plugging a code to solve the Maze into a computer. On page 346, the author says, "She (Theresa) pushed the button and everything went perfectly silent. Then, from somewhere down the dark tunnel, came the sound of a door sliding open." This event is important because it shows the goal of Thomas' quest has been reached. The quote also represents the two years of trying to solve the Maze which is now over because the Maze is shut down. Another quote is on page 347, the next page, that says, "Almost at once the Grievers shut down completely, their instruments sucked back through their blubber skin, their lights turned off, their inside machines dead quiet. And that door... Thomas fell to the floor after being released by his captor's claws, and despite the pain of several lacerations across the back and shoulders, elation surged through him so strongly he didn't know how to react. He gasped, then laughed, then choked on a sob before laughing again." The text on page 347 shows the readers how Thomas feels. The text lets the readers experience Thomas' feelings. He is because the Gladers beat the Maze. It took two years, but they all finally did it! The event also shows, in terms of the Heroic Journey, the end of the Initiation stage and the beginning of the Return stage. Shutting down the Maze and the door down the corridor opening represents The Ultimate Boon, or when the hero achieves the goal of his quest.
Woman as the Temptress
After the fight against the Grievers, the 21 surviving Gladers make their way out of the Maze. The 18 that did not die in the fight make their way through the Griever Hole and join Theresa, Chuck, and Thomas. Next, the Gladers need to go on their journey home, which may or may not be an easy task. The book shows that the return may not be easy because on page 349, when the Gladers are walking through a long tunnel to the door that Thomas heard open earlier, the author described the setting as dark because, "Even the flashlights seemed to get swallowed by the darkness." By the author saying that, he creates an uncomfortable mood for the story at that point because the mood becomes suspicious. By using this line, James Dashner uses a suspicious mood to keep the intensity and the story going in order to keep the reader's attention. The suspense leads up to a scare for Thomas and the Gladers. The author says later on page 349, "...he heard a shriek from ahead, followed by another, then another. Their cries faded as if they were falling..." This line in the text allows the suspense to rise because Thomas and the readers do not know what is beyond the fall up ahead. There are many possibilities to what is beyond the slide. It could even be a fall to the death. The mood goes on in this part of the story as suspenseful and potential danger up ahead. Thomas is escaping the Maze in an adventurous or dangerous way, showing the heroic Journey step of the Magical Flight.
Rescue from Without
After the Gladers escape and go through their journey back to the real world, they all end up in a chamber together where they were greeted by a lady from the WICKED program. After a crazy turn of events where Gally, under WICKED control, tries to kill Thomas but ends up killing Chuck, Thomas' friend from the Glade, some men and women barge into the chamber and shoot the lady from WICKED. The murder would cause enough chaos to allow the Gladers to escape. One of the men says to the Gladers before they leave the chamber, "We don't have time to explain. Just follow me and run like your life depends on it. Because it does." (361) What the man says and the actions he and his group take to break the Gladers out of the chamber shows that the men and women have a very negative conflict with WICKED. WICKED is the group that put the Gladers in the Maze. It is good for the Gladers that the men and women took these steps because they saved the Gladers by breaking them out of the chamber. WICKED trained Gally to try and kill Thomas, so it was possible that there could have been a plot to kill more, if not all, of the Gladers. When the Gladers ran out of the corridor and eventually outside, the "rescuers" were protecting the Gladers. As they ran, James Dashner described, "...some of the men and women leading from ahead, some yelling encouragment from behind..." The quote shows that the "rescuers", as Thomas had called them on page 361, are not turning on them. Unlike the people from WICKED, it looks as if these people are trying to protect the Gladers and not kill them. The rescuers are bringing the Gladers into their new reality of everyday life by breaking them out of WICKED's control because they are bringing the Gladers away from the only things that they know because of their memory loss and are guiding them on their return, showing the Heroic Journey step of Rescue from Without.
Freedom to Live
When Thomas and the surviving Gladers got off of the bus, they arrived at a building that they all saw as a type of stronghold. A place where they all can rest for a while after just getting out of the Maze. On page 368 of The Maze Runner, the building is described as being, "...full of color. Bright yellow paint, red blankets, green curtains." The description shows that this new building looks bright and colorful, which signals happiness. Especially after all of the time that the boys and Theresa spent in the dull looking Glade, having color is a nice change in events because the Gladers feel like they are now comfortable and safe in the stronghold building. The Gladers also got a sense of normalcy, as described on page 368, "Seeing it all, seeing the beds and the dressers, all made up and fresh-the sense of normalcy was almost overwhelming. Too good to be true. Minho said it best on entering their new world: 'I've been shucked and gone to heaven.'" When the Gladers saw the beds and dressers, they got even more comfortable with the stronghold and "rescuers" because they were reminded of their lives before the Glade. The Gladers entering their "new world" felt like they were in heaven compared to the Glade, as explained by Minho. The Gladers were returning to normalcy and entering a new, more comfortable world than the Glade, therefore representing the Heroic Journey step of Freedom to Live.
Master of the Two Worlds
Thomas becomes a master of two worlds in The Maze Runner. First, Thomas conquers the made up world of the Maze. Thomas and Theresa plugged the code that they found through their hard work of studying the Runner's maps. Thomas, with the help of Theresa, punched the code into a special computer and pressed the button that said "Kill the Maze." According to page 347, "Almost at once the Grievers had shut down completely..." The quote shows that the Grievers have been defeated and the escape from the Maze is within reach. The Grievers, or predators of the Gladers, are turned off and the Maze is now "killed", showing that one world has been conquered through resilience and hard work. Thomas went through a few different attempts to find out the code to the Maze and he had failed before getting the right answer, showing resilience. Now, Thomas' next step is to conquer the real world. As readers find out, a disease called The Flare has taken over the real world. The human race is in panic with people always getting sick. When Thomas is is being saved by the rescuers, Thomas is brought to the ground by the old lady. She says to Thomas on page 362, "Gonna save us from the Flare!" By the lady saying that to Thomas, it shows that the real world already knows who he is. Seeing Thomas out in the street, out of the Maze, probably gave the old lady hope that Thomas could help the world somehow in the future because he was smart enough to figure out the Maze. So, now Thomas can apply what he learned in the Glade and apply that to the real world. Thomas conquering the Maze and learning how to conquer the real world shows the Heroic Journey step of Master of the Two Worlds.
Refusal of the Return
After the Maze has been "killed", Minho and other Gladers come through the Griever Hole. When only half of the Gladers showed, Thomas had many thoughts go through his head because he knew that the rest had been killed by the Grievers in the Glader's fight to escape. James Dashner describes Thomas' thoughts on page 348 as, "His joy dribbled away, turned into a deep mourning for the twenty people who'd lost their lives." Thomas stopped to think about what he has done here. Twenty people have died so that Thomas can live on and now Thomas feels bad and because he feels bad hesitates to sprint down the tunnel to the door leading out of the Maze. Readers know that Thomas' excitement of finding an escape diminishes because the quote states that Thomas' "joy dribbled away". Readers also see that Thomas is hesitant to go home when, on page 349, when James Dashner says, "He tried to push away the ache of it all-the horrors of the battle they'd just won. The losses. He pushed it away, knowing they were nowhere near safe yet." Here, Thomas pushes away his fears, showing that he had fears about going home. Thomas re-considers the costs of winning the battle and the sacrafices made. Thomas is lucky to be alive, but at the cost of his peers. Thomas needs to get over his losses in order to continue his journey. Thomas hesitates with making the decision to go back home or not, representing the Heroic Journey step of Refusal of the Call.
In the Maze Runner, by James Dashner, the doors to the Maze have not closed and the Grievers are attacking the Glade. All of a sudden, a boy comes into Homestead, where the Gladers are hiding. The boy was Gally, who the Gladers thought was dead. Gally tries to get Thomas to abandon his quest on page 257 by saying, "[The Maze] can't be solved,' he said, his voice now quiet and and distant, spooky. 'The shucking Maze'll kill all you shanks... The Grievers'll kill you...one every night till it's over...I...It's better this way..." Gally says that the Maze cannot be solved, which brings down everybody's confidence, not just Thomas'. Gally thinks that it will be better to sit and wait for the Grievers to come and eat one boy a night because Gally thinks that there is no way out of the Maze, so all of the Gladers will die anyway. After Gally says that there is no escape, Newt confronts Gally and tells Gally to be quiet. In return, Gally says coldly to Newt, "You don't get it, Newt. You're too stupid-you've always been too stupid. There's no way out-there's no way to win! They're gonna kill you, all of you-one by one!" (257) Thomas, hearing Gally say that there is no way out, must make him think for a second that Gally could be right. Whatever happened to Gally after he had been banished from the Glade must have made him realize, somehow, there was no solution to the Maze. Gally coming back to the Glade and telling the Gladers that they will all die distracts Thomas from his quest, to get out of the Maze. Though he is not a woman, Gally tempts Thomas with his words to give up on his quest, showing the Heroic Journey step of Woman as the Temptress.
The Crossing of the Return Threshold
After Thomas and the Gladers escape from WICKED's control, the "rescuers" bring them all onto a bus. On the bus, the Gladers find out what is happening in the real world now from the bus driver. On page 366, the bus driver said, "As the ecosystem fell apart, it became impossible to control the sickness-even to keep it in South America. The jungles were gone, but the insects weren't. People call it the Flare now. It's a horrible, horrible thing. Only the richest can be treated, no one can be cured." The Flare can be compared to what happened in the Glade. In the Glade, the ecosystem also failed, causing the sun to disappear, supplies to stop coming up from the Box, and causing the walls of the Maze to stop moving. The quote from page 366 says that the "...jungles were gone, but the insects weren't." The insects represent the Grievers in the Maze and the jungles are the insect's habitat, which in the case of the Glade is represented by the Maze and its walls because they are the Griever's habitat. The bus driver also says to the Gladers on page 366, "They tested thousands, chose you for the big one.The ultimate test. Everything you lived through was calculated and thought through. Catalysts study your reactions, your brain waves, your thoughts. All in an attempt to find those capable of helping us find a way to beat the Flare." Here, the readers and the Gladers find out the purpose of the Maze. The Creators created the Maze to simulate how to survive the Flare and to see if any of the test subjects (the Gladers) can give the real world ideas on how to beat the sickness. Therefore, because the Glade was a simulation of the Flare, the Gladers need to apply what they learned in the Glade to a serious real world situation before it is too late for mankind, representing the Heroic Journey step of The Crossing of the Return Threshold.
A few days after Gally went crazy and told the Gladers that one of them would die each day due to the Grievers, Thomas made a plan in his head. Thomas realized that to piece together his plan, he needed memories from his life before the Glade to figure out the missing pieces of the Maze. The only way for Thomas to get his memories back is to get stung by a Griever and go through "The Changing". So, the night that Thomas had the idea, Thomas ran straight at the Grievers on purpose when they attacked the Glade in order for the Grievers to sting him. James Dashner described how Thomas felt after he got stung on page 295. Dashner said, "Thomas felt the world swimming around him, felt delirious, nauseated. Someone, he couldn't tell who, obeyed Newt's order; he was being carried across the courtyard, through the front door of Homestead, down the shattered hall, into a room, placed on a couch. The world continued to twist and pitch." Thomas' feelings are not very pleasant to go through. Thomas' feelings are uncomfortable and the feelings described are just part of the beginning stage of the Changing. The Changing, as readers see throughout the next few pages of the book and did see through Alby and Ben when they went through the phase, only gets worse. After the Changing, Thomas comes away with new memories. After Thomas wakes up on page 298, "Everything came crashing back into [Thomas'] mind. The Glade, the Grievers, the needle, the Changing. Memories. The Maze couldn't be solved. Their only way out was something they'd never expected. Something terrifying. He was crushed with despair." Thomas comes out of the Changing with exactly what he wanted, new information. The information t Thomas received will be critical to escaping the Maze toward the end of the story. Thomas went through the Changing where he felt like he was dying, but awoke with new information that will help the Gladers vitally. Therefore, this part of The maze Runner represents the Apotheosis.
The Road of Trials occurs in The Maze Runner when Thomas is trying to figure out the code to the Maze. Before Thomas came to the Glade, the Runners went out every day and searched as much of the Maze as they could before the doors to the Glade closed. The Runners then went back to Homestead and drew a map of the Maze for the day. The Runners then compared that day's map to other day's maps. When Minho showed Thomas the Map Room, Thomas found out another strategy the Runners use to figure out the Maze. On page 208, "We figured out the walls were moving right at the beginning. As soon as we did, we started keeping track. We've always thought that comparing these day to day, week to week, would help us figure out a pattern. And we did-the mazes basically repeat themselves every month. But we've yet to see an exit open up that will lead us out of the square. Never been an exit." The Runners have been using the same strategy since they first came to the Maze. After two years, no Runner or Glader has ever found an exit to the Maze and nobody ever thought different of the strategy used. Except for Thomas and Theresa, the newbies. Theresa tells Thomas earlier in the book, when she wakes up, that the Maze is a code. The problem was she was losing her memory and had no idea why or how she knew that the Maze was a code. On page 264, Theresa and Thomas are talking and Thomas says, "What if [the Runners] are supposed to compare the maps to other sections..." Theresa responds by saying, "The first thing the word code makes me think of is letters. Letters in the alphabet. Maybe the Maze is trying to spell something." Thomas, then put together the maps that were shown to him in the Map Room and what he and Theresa said to come up with a new strategy to escape the Maze. Readers find out that this strategy will work, as later in the book Thomas and Theresa find the exit to the Maze. Thomas and the Gladers went through the first strategy and failed, but Thomas and Theresa found a new strategy that eventually worked and they find the Maze's exit. These events in the book show the Heroic Journey step of The Road of Trials.
Call to Adventure
Refusal of the Call
The Crossing of the Thershold
The Belly of the Whale
Atonement with the Father
The Meeting with the Goddess
The Road of Trials
Woman as the Temptress
The Ultimate Boon
The Return steps occur in the Heroic Journey after the hero achieves the goal of the quest. The Return steps are:
The Refusal of the Return
The Magical Flight
Master of the Two Worlds
Rescue from Without
The Crossing of the Return Threshold
Freedom to Live