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Transcript of Body Image
& Sukhpreet BODY IMAGE & SEXISM How media can harm body image Focuses on the different parts of the body Females: more focused on thighs, butt, and hips concerned with being over weight want to be tall/short focus on having a thin waist and big breasts Males: focus on being strong "buff"
narrow through waist and hips
concerned with being over weight and under weight
height(want to be tall) Body image is a person's perception of his or her own physical appearance. What is body image ? What is a positive body image? A positive body image is when a person has a real awareness of their body and are comfortable with it. What is a negative body image? Refers to an unrealistic view of how people see their own body Examples: The "Ideal" Male Need to be tall : 6' Broad shoulders
Narrow waist & hips
muscular Average Male Model:
--> Height: 6'1
--> Weight: 145 Average Male:
--> Height: 5'8.5
--> Weight: 182 pounds Negative body images are not something we are born with, it's something we learn. SEXISM What is sexism? --> Sexism is a form of prejudice or discrimination based on sex (gender) or attitudes and values that support stereotypical thoughts/views. These views are mostly negative and restricting to the gender.
Generally towards women, but men are affected as well.
Extreme hate of women = Misogyny Stereotypes --> These are widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or ideas of a particular type of person or thing.
-->It’s an assumption we make of a general group based on repetitive things we have seen by members from that group. Ex:
Women are bad drivers
All Asians are good at math
In general, stereotypes reinforce sexism people over use stereotypes to a degree where they believe the stereotype truly states how things should be/are. Sexism & Women
Almost all media depicts images of women in a degraded form
Sexism & Men
Strong/tough, muscular, smart, independent = MAN
The above are all good things, but when not met, a man’s life becomes difficult
Sexism & Children
Children are taught gender roles early in their life (preschool)
Forces children into conforming into roles they are supposed to follow, something they might not want
Children learn gender stereotypes as early as they begin to identify gender identity
Boys wear blue, play with cars and have action figures not “dolls”.
Girls wear pink, play with make-up and kitchen sets and have dolls. 1900's 1920's 1930's 1940's 1950's 1960's 1970's 1980's 1990's Today's Where does Sexism occur? The workplace:
Less qualified males are being hired or promoted over more qualified female workers
Womens incomes are 61% of mens, according to Statistics Canada Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID
Women are judged on their appearance rather than their intelligence
Nationally, women make up 22.1 per cent of federal Members of Parliament in Canada’s House of Commons, putting us at 51st in the world in terms of women’s legislative representation, behind countries such as Pakistan, Mexico, most countries in Europe and several in Africa.
Women in countries such as Asia, are pressured to stay at home and are often times deprived of education (outside the home)
Men are the "money makers" they provide for the family
Women should take care of the children, clean and cook Why Is This An Issue? If left ignored, sexism can reach high extremes such as violence (sexual assault)
Girls experience sexual assault at much higher rates than boys—82% of all victims under the age of 18 are female.
1.5% of boys said they forced girls to engage in sexual activities with them in elementary school, 2.3%of high school boys said the same.
Survey showed that between 23% - 51% of women had been sexually harassed in the work place Why is this an issue? --> concerns about body image can affect the society both positively and negatively
Positively (for media) :
--> corporations gain large amounts of money by selling beauty enhancing products (makeup, clothing, heels, gym equipment, plastic surgeries)
Negative (for society):
--> Large amount of women and men experience mental issues such as depression, low self-esteem, anxiety and eating disorders
--> According to a 2002 survey, 1.5% of Canadian women aged 15 – 24 years had an eating disorder.
-->In a survey of adolescents in grades 7-12, 30% of girls and 25% of boys reported teasing by peers about their weight. Such teasing has been found to persist in the home as well - 29% of girls and 16% of boys reported having been teased by a family member about their weight Females tend to see pictures of extremely thin women and males see a very muscular men in the media and think that, that's how they should appear as.
jealous of a friends body or even someone in the media or a celebrity
they feel ashamed, self-conscious, and apprehensive about their body
feel uncomfortable and awkward about how they appear NGO's The Taylor Hooton Foundation Corseted, hour-glass
full low chest and curvy hips Flat-chested
androgynous Full-bodied, with emphasis on legs
heavy calf Full bodied, with emphasis on legs
rounded shoulder Hour-glass body Skinny
slim waist skinny body
tall Slim waist
small breasts You are happy about the way you look and feel good about your body
you may realize your looks do not match what is presented in the media or what family members might say
you carry yourself with pride
no urge to become thinner or taller or to change any of your physical features
wearing clothes that are comfortable
speaks positively about their own self
they don't put others down
not trying to change his/her body to be bigger or smaller than its natural size
loves all food and eats without feeling guilty People with a negative body image feel that their looks do not measure up to what society, family, friends and media except
feeling of "lacking" when they compare themselves to others
when looking in the mirror, people see parts of their body in a distorted and unreal way
women who engage in fat talk tend to have more of a negative body image Body Image- Males believe it or not males are more insecure about their body image than woman. For years, society has put a label on woman that they are insecure due to famous celebrities and models. Though now that is the same case for men as well
Insecure about size such as muscle building/weight loss and penis enlargement The "IDEAL" Female The average female model:
Weight: 137 pounds The average female:
Weight: 153 pounds Slim waist
tall Body Image- Females females are often influenced by models and famous Hollywood celebrities
women and teenage girls all want to look and feel their best
this is not always easy considering the busy lifestyle that women have in today's world
Schools, marriage, relationship and also stress, it can be tough to have the time for exercise and to eat right
often women feel pressured to look and feel a certain way. Most of the time they compare themselves to figures that are not even natural.
For example: models that are shown in magazine Body Image - Children Young girls are encouraged to act in sexual ways like: beauty pagents
5-8 year old girls in Texas were training as cheerleaders (dressed more as adults)
beauty pageants girls are pressured to wear fake teeth, makeup and hair extensions
When children tend to play with toys, or a collection figures and get the message of being like them
young girls try to follow the Victoria secret model fashion Canadian Women's Health Network THE END Media Influence
Media plays a large role in how people see masculine male body image
People magazine have an award for "sexist man alive and "186 Men we love"
Awards set standards for what ideal male body should be
People magazine sells 6.5 million copies
Companies want to attract males to their product
The "perfect" men
The ideal man is something that causes men in the real world to feel that they should be better than themselves.