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Why is it necessary to consider the legalization of “unethical” actions?

A case study of Voluntary Euthanasia

Nikki Tran

on 7 September 2014

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Transcript of Why is it necessary to consider the legalization of “unethical” actions?

Why is it necessary to consider the legalization of “unethical” actions?

A case study of Voluntary Euthanasia.
What is it?
Where is it legalized?
Why should it legal?
Why should it be illegal?
Passive Euthanasia
Active Euthanasia
Euthanasia can be categorized into 2 types:
Different countries have different regulations regarding euthanasia;
Personal Perspective
Global Perspective
Local Perspective
Dying with Dignity
Freedom of Choice
Relieving of Pain
Animal Equality
Breaking of the Hippocratic Oath
Failed Attempts
Risks of Abuse
Religious Views
Slippery Slope
Lack of Appreciation for Life
"'Those who become vulnerable through illness or disability deserve special care and protection, and that proper end of life care is a much better thing than euthanasia."'
Buddhism, Oppose Euthanasia
State of mind
No harm
Christianity, Mostly oppose euthanasia
Human beings are valuable
"Process" of dying
Respect patient's choice
Hindu, Different views
Teaching of Ahimsa
Act of moral obligation

"The Doctrine Of Double Effect"
Voluntary and Involuntary Euthanasia
State of mind
A human right.
Relieves Pain
Hastens Death

Physician Assisted Suicide
“I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy”.

Modern practices of medicine
Current take on abortion
Why is it necessary to consider the legalization of “unethical” actions?

In 2012, assisted suicide deaths in Switzerland jumped 700 percent in just 11 years.
"I began to see the suicide clinic not as the compassionate place for ending lives but as a money-making killing machine taking advantage of the disabled and terminally ill."
- A former worker for a Dignitas suicide clinic, Soraya Wernli.
Oregon, with a population of 3.8 million, had 16 assisted suicides in 1998, this has steadily increased to 71 in 2011 – a 415% increase.
- Statistics from Oregon Public Health Authority, 2011
There was a study done in Netherlands that showed that when patient’s try to kill themselves with doctor prescribed drugs:
the medication did not work in 16% of the cases
7% of the cases were due to technical issues/ unexpected side effects.

They say that besides patients who are gravely ill euthanasia is used increasingly on people with depression or
non-terminal conditions.
Deaf twins Marc and Eddy Verbessem, 45, who were granted their wish to die in December 2012 after they learned they would likely to become blind.

Nancy Verhelst, 44, a transsexual, was also killed by euthanasia after doctors botched her sex change operation, leaving her with physical deformities she felt made her look like a ‘monster’.
Katja, 16, Yes
I think it depends, for not all situations which voluntary euthanasia is involved in is ethical.
Nikki, 15, Yes
I think it's necessary to consider legalization, as long as we are able to ensure there is no misuse of the law.
Melody, 15, It depends
I believe that it should be considered, but I'm not sure I believe these "unethical" actions should eventually be legalized because I feel that each case should have a judgement specific to the case.
Misunderstandings about what society things.
Different opinions on the roles in society.
Voluntary Euthanasia is when a patient specifically requests for their life to end with full knowledge of this action.
Involuntary Euthanasia is when the person wants to live but is killed anyway.
Active Euthanasia requires precise steps to deliberately to cause the patient’s death.
Passive Euthanasia involves the patient withdrawing from medical treatment to intentionally die.
Ethical: The principles of morally correct conduct.
Unethical: The principles of morally incorrect conduct.
We chose to discuss this because controversial situations such as voluntary euthanasia, situations which may be considered morally incorrect may also be considered morally correct.
Physician-assisted suicide is an act of suicide by an individual facilitated by means or information (as a gun or indication of the lethal dosage of a drug) provided by someone else aware of the individual's intent.
We chose to put quotations marks around the word “unethical” because we wanted to emphasize the idea that although a particular act such as voluntary euthanasia is considered unethical, it may also have ethical reasons as to why it should be legalized, and by placing the quotation marks in, we are questioning whether or not the act is ethical or not.
It is ethically right to put down an animal when in pain.
Why humans who choose should have the right.
- there is available treatment

- people neglect responsibility
- “the sancity of human life” christianity
- patient wants to die in a way that doesn’t involve feeding tubes, etc.
-Lets people have a better memory of those who pass.
- Avoid and relive the pain
If it is allowable at birth for children with some grave abnormality, what will we say about an equally grave abnormality that is only detectable at three months? And another that is only detectable at six months? And another that is detectable at birth only slightly less serious? And another that is slightly less serious than that one?

- Jonathan Glover, A philosopher known for his studies in ethics.
Euthanasia Tourism
Power for the medical industry
Involuntary Euthanasia
Full transcript