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Xinjiang Presentation

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Matthew Fairbank

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of Xinjiang Presentation

Xinjiang September 11th, 2001 September 11, 2001, China has raised international awareness of Uighur-related terrorism and linked its actions to the Bush administration's so-called war on terror. What is a Uighur? Reasons for Conflict
Cultural Suppression
Religious Oppression
Han Migration Cultural Suppression
Tolerant Integration Vs. Assimilation
Income Disparity
Passport Restrictions Religious Oppression
Islam - Post 9/11 Negative Connotation
Hanifi - Most open/tolerant of Islamic thought
Ramadan & Mecca Han Migation
1949 - 5% Han Chinese in Xinjiang
2007 - 46%
Economic Incentives After 9/11 China and the U.N. Labeled Uighur Groups as Terrorists
East Turkestan Islamic Movement
Peaceful Protests Vs. Violent Uprisings
"The Chinese Government does not clearly differentiate between ethnic groups peacefully expressing disatisfaction with the Party and terroritst groups commiting violent acts in protest of Party policies" - George W Bush
Fall of the Soviet Union
Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan
China has responded by promoting Han migration into the Xinjiang region, strengthening economic ties with the area, and cutting off potential sources of separatist support from neighboring states that are linguistically and ethnically linked with Uighurs U.S. Uighur Problem
2001 Invasion of Afghanistan
Guantanamo Bay
U.S. State Department
U.S. Department of Justice
Convention against Torture
China - Sanctions against receiving nations Effects of the War on Terror
Pre-9/11 Separatist Groups
Post 9/11 Terrorist Groups
Legitimizing China's Campaign against Uighurs Three Forces
Religious Extremism Criticisms of Chinese Policy
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Chinese policy in Xinjiang was “like a genocide” and that China should “abandon its policy of assimilation”
Unless the government addresses the root causes of ethnic tensions and ends its systemic human rights violations, the chances of more violence will remain high
Amnesty International said recently that the Uighurs’ identity and well-being are being “systematically eroded” by government policies that limit the use of the Uighur language, restrict religious practices and foster job discrimination. It accused Beijing of arresting thousands of Uighurs on bogus terrorism charges.
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