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A Family Starting Fresh

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by

Jill Peterson

on 5 December 2014

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Transcript of A Family Starting Fresh

A Family's Fresh Start
How one family decided to move across the world
October 2013:
New Delhi, India
Countries of Consideration:
Asia
1. Beijing, China
2. New Delhi, India
Europe
3. Berlin, Germany
4. Paris, France
North America
5. Ottawa, Canada
6. Washington D.C., USA
Mid-/South Americas
7. Mexico City, Mexico
8. Buenos Aires, Argentina
Africa
9. Kumasi, Ghana
10. Cairo, Egypt
Indicators Under Investigation:
Health
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Education
Duration of Compulsory Education
Quality of Life
Net Income per Capita (Gross)
Economic Health
Unemployment Rate
September 2013:

Beijing, China
November 2013:

Berlin, Germany
December 2013:
Paris, France
January 2014:

Ottawa, Canada
February 2014:

Washington D.C., USA
March 2014:

Mexico City, Mexico
May 2014:

Kumasi, Ghana
April 2014:
Buenos Aires, Argentina
June 2014:

Cairo, Egypt
July 2014:

Sydney, Australia
August 2013:

Moscow, Russia
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Duration of Compulsory Education
An overview of Sheila’s research:
China
Dimitri’s research at a glance:
China
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
The House of Health presents to you the story of a multicultural couple’s quest to find the perfect country to start a family in...

Sheila, a 29-year-old Australian geography teacher, met the love of her life during a study abroad exchange year in Moscow, Russia back in 2006. Dimitri, her now 31-year-old Russian husband, had just started working as a consultant for Solutions Consulting Group (SCG) in his hometown of Moscow when he met Sheila on a blind date a friend had set up for him.

It's now 2013, and the couple has been married for five years. They are planning to try for a baby this September, but they are not sure where they want to raise their children...

Dimitri is still working as a consultant for SCG and has the opportunity to relocate to any of the company's 10 different country offices. Because their baby will need lots of attention and care in future, Sheila and Dimitri will use the next 10 months to travel to each country, assess important living factors, and decide on a new place to call home. Come along on their journey!


"Well, we better get to our boarding gate!" -Dimitri
An overview of Sheila’s research:
India
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Duration of Compulsory Education
Dimitri’s research at a glance:
India
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
An overview of Sheila’s research:
Germany
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Duration of Compulsory Education

Dimitri’s research at a glance:
Germany
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
An overview of Sheila’s research:
France
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Duration of Compulsory Education
Dimitri’s research at a glance:
France
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
An overview of Sheila’s research:
Canada
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Duration of Compulsory Education
Dimitri’s research at a glance:
Canada
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
An overview of Sheila’s research:
USA
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Duration of Compulsory Education
*For each of the ten countries, Sheila & Dimitri collected data for years 1995 to 2012 from the World Data Bank
The percentage of GDP that China spends on health has been quite stable over the years from 1995 to 2012
In 2012, China spent 5.41 % of their GDP on health
From recent data (2011), the compulsory time in school was 9 years

"Do you think 5.41 % of GDP spent on health is a lot? Let's see..."
References
The net income over the last 18 years has increased more than 10 times to $5,720
Unemployment has been constant around the current 4.5% of total labor
force (2012)

"Wow! I can see that the net income is rising really fast. That's a good sign."
World Data Bank. (2014). [electronic].
Retrieved from http://databank.worldbank.org/
Dimitri’s research at a glance:
USA
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
An overview of Sheila’s research:
Argentina
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
An overview of Sheila’s research:
Mexico
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Duration of Compulsory Education
Duration of Compulsory Education
Dimitri’s research at a glance:
Mexico
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
Dimitri’s research at a glance:
Argentina
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
An overview of Sheila’s research:
Ghana
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Duration of Compulsory Education
Dimitri’s research at a glance:
Ghana
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
An overview of Sheila’s research:
Egypt
Health Expenditure (as % of GDP)
Duration of Compulsory Education
Dimitri’s research at a glance:
Egypt
Net Income per Capita
Unemployment Rate
Germany spent 11.28% of their GDP in 2012 on health
The amount has been around this for the recent years
Compulsory education duration in 2011 was 13 years

“So, Germany spends almost double as much as India or China on health. This might be an advantage in raising a child.”
Germany had their lowest net income in 2002 with $22,850 and $45,170 as their highest in 2012
Unemployment has the lowest rate since recent years with 5.4%

“Ok, the unemployment is higher than in China and India, but look at the difference in net income. Germany has a dramatically higher average here.”

“Did you hear that chinese people are always very busy? They work a lot!” -Dimitri
“Yeah, that’s an interesting fact. Do you know how they are doing in education?” -Sheila
"Aw, Dimitri, look at our brand new baby boy..." -Sheila "Welcome to the world, little guy!" -Dimitri
In 2012, the USA spent almost 18% of their GDP on health, making it the highest country expenditure so far
Since 1995, health expenditure has witnesses a growth rate of 28.5%
Duration of compulsory education in 2011 was 12 years, the second highest just 1 year less than in Germany

“The USA spends almost 20% of their GDP on health. That seems incredibly high and might represent a very good health infrastructure.”

Of all the countries examined thus far, the USA has the highest current net income of $52,350, which is slightly higher than that of Canada
Over the past 18 years, the unemployment rate fluctuated frequently
At 8.1% in 2012, the USA's unemployment rate was more than double that of India, and was also the second highest amongst all visited countries

“If I want to make a lot of money for us, maybe the United States would be suitable. However, high unemployment might show a low supply of jobs available.”

Aside from a peak of 7% in 2002, Ghana spent an average of 5.3% GDP on health over the examined18-year timespan. The most recent rate was 5% in 2012.
Compared to other visited countries, Ghana had a mediocre compulsory education duration of 11 years in 2011

“Ghana's health expenditure and compulsory education durations are similar to those found in China and India. What about income and employment, Dimitri?”

The net income of $1,580 in 2012 is almost the same as that of India
Moreover, the net income has increased by more than 400% since 1995
Unemployment reached its peak in 2000 (10.4%) but since then has been decreasing and in 2012, ranked second-lowest among all visited countries

“The income is still very low besides the low unemployment rate. Maybe, it would be difficult to live here.”

“Sheila, have you seen the fancy cars on the streets?“ -Dimitri
“Yes, it seems like they are all living good lives here.” -Sheila
“Dimitri, do you remember that documentary we watched yesterday? What was the employment rate in France?” -Sheila
“I can't remember it exactly, but I think that it was very low compared to other European countries.” -Dimitri
“Ghana might have the highest per capita income in the whole subregion of western Africa.” -Dimitri
“That could be true, but they could also have lower wages compared to other surrounding countries” -Sheila
Compared to Ghana, Egypt spends a similar percentage of GDP on health--and was low at 5% in 2012
With a compulsory education duration of only 9 years in 2011, Egypt requires less education time than most other visited countries

“Egypt also has similar figures to those of China and India--even for education. Let’s look at income and employment…”

From 1995 to 2006, Egypt's net income remained relatively static at approximately $1,000 until it began to rise and was almost $3,000 in 2012
While some countries, such as Argentina, witnessed an overall decreased rate of unemployment at the end of the 18-year timespan, data from 2012 show Egypt as having the highest unemployment rate of 11.9%

“The income is higher than some countries, but still low in absolute. And I don’t like the high unemployment rate...”

"Sheila, we don't have to be worried
about having health issues in the U.S. I think they already spend enough on it"
-Dimitri
"Dimitri, why do you say that Canada is so attractive for business people?" -Sheila
"I have heard that the net income is very high, so it could be very attractive for us as well!" -Dimitri
“Sheila, do you know how many universities would hire you in Buenos Aires?” -Dimitri

“No, but I have been wondering how many years the kids here spend in school.”
-Sheila
Since 1995, there has been no visibly significant change in health expenditure (as % of GDP)
Mexico spends about 6% of GDP on health
The Duration of Compulsory Education for Mexico is similar to France and Canada and lower than the one for United States and Germany

"Mexico's health spendings are slightly higher than in China and India. What about living here concerning income and employment?"
Across the18-year timespan, net income per capita saw a general, slight increase and appears to be continually on the rise
Between 2008 and 2012, the unemployment rate in Mexico has stayed relatively stable between 4.9% and 5.3%

"The unemployment rate looks really low, but I am unsure if the average net income would suit our family lifestyle."
"Sheila, could you imagine yourself working here?" -Dimitri
"I suppose I could, but are there many job opportunities?" -Sheila
“All these people look so busy here!”
-Sheila

”I agree, that may be a result of their low unemployment rate.” -Dimitri
"Do you think we could earn enough money here to support the goals we have for our future?"
-Sheila

"I'm not sure, we may struggle with that if we stay here." -Dimitri
Health expenditure in India is currently only about 4% of GDP
It's similar to China and has been stable over the years
The years of education is also 9 like in China

"I am happy to see the children here study just as long as in China, but the lower health expenditure worries me."

Net income is increasing slowly over the years
Since 2008, the unemployment rate has been declining

"With unemployment at less than 6%, finding work here may not be too challenging for Sheila!"
Between 2008 and 2009, there is an significant increase in health expenditure (as % of GDP) from 10% to 12%
At 11 years, the duration of compulsory education in France is higher than in India and China but less than Germany

"France seems to be very similar to Germany."

In 2002, the net income per capita in France increased dramatically until 2008 when it began to level off
In the same time frame, the unemployment rate was at its lowest level and also leveled off in 2008
After that, the unemployment rate increased around 3% over the next 4 years until 2012


Between 2008 and 2009, the health expenditure increased from 10% to 11% of GDP
The duration of compulsory education for Canada is lower than that in Germany, but it's similar to France

"I am happy to see that Canada's expenditure on health is similar to those in Europe. That puts Canada in the top three countries thus far."
The health expenditure (as % of GDP) of Argentina in 2012 is half the amount spent in the USA
The duration of compulsory education in Argentina is the same as in Germany (13 years), and so far, that is the longest amount of time for all visited countries

"Argentina could be an interesting deal. Health and education seem really balanced."
The average GNI of Canada has risen above more than $50,000 per year (2012)
In 2012, the unemployment rate was higher than of Germany, India and China
There is a significant spike in unemployment between the years 2008 and 2009

"In comparison to all of the other countries we've visited so far, it has the highest net income per capita, and it's still increasing. That's something to keep in mind!"
From 1995 until 2001, Argentina had a higher net income per capita than Mexico, but between 2001 and 2006, their roles were reversed
The unemployment rate in Argentina over the past 18 years has been extremely volatile

"I find it troubling that Argentina hasn't publicized its net income per capita data since 2006. Also, the unemployment looks somehow unpredictable."
After Sheila and Dimitri reviewed all the data that they had collected over their 10-month trip around the world, they concluded that Canada, France, and Germany all had similar and desireable health, education, working, and living conditions. Since all of the countries could provide a high quality of life for their family, it all came down to one factor, and luckily they had both studied German in college!
"The rising unemployment rate concerns me, and I worry that Sheila might have trouble findng work."
Making the final decision:
Full transcript