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Transcript of Beethoven
1770-1827 Symphony No. 9
written in 1823
Performed on May 7, 1824
Beethoven was deaf but still conducted The audience applauded after a portion of the symphony. Beethoven didn't acknowledge it because he could not hear it. A solosit tugged at his sleeve to get his attention.
Beethoven then turned around and noticed the applause and took a bow. Beethoven had thoughts of setting
Schiller's Ode to Joy as early as 1792.
But it was 30 years before he decided to
work it into his 9th Symphony. Beethoven was the first composer to include the human voice at the same level as the instruments Beethoven's influence on Brahms Beethoven's 5th vs. Brahms' 4th Symphony The use of thirds and sixths by Brahms in the introduction of his symphony is a feature Beethoven popularized especially in his 5th Symphony. “falling thirds” Both composers use the clarinet in virtually the same place during the melody. The two themes are also similar in time signature. Beethoven's is in 2/4 and Brahms' is in cut time. In both symphonies there is a "struggle" to get to C major at the end of the finale. Beethoven's influence on Chopin It has been said that Chopin found Beethoven's music "distasteful," but he could not escape his influence. Chopin also proved to like a handful of Beethoven's pieces. He used Beethoven’s op. 26 as an instructional piece to his students. Chopin tried to resist the influence of Beethoven by not publishing his Fantaisie-Impromptu, which is supposed to be directly modeled after Beethoven's "Moonlight" Sonata. Chopin didn't think that his Fantaisie was orginal enough to be published, but it was published after his death. Beethoven's influence on Liszt Liszt idolized Beethoven when he was a child. When asked who he wanted to emulate when he matured, he pointed to a painting of Beethoven hanging on a nearby wall. It seemed natural for Liszt to latch onto a role model like this due to the absense of his father. The influence of Beethoven as a father figure was evident in the early life of Liszt more than the musical influence of Beethoven. Beethoven's influence on Schubert Schubert wanted to "emulate Beethoven's career," but he later asked, "But who can do anything after Beethoven?" Beethoven himself praised Schubert for his works and in return for the favor, Schubert composed op. 10 to pay homage to Beethoven. Many people thought this dedication a strange one in that it did not emulate Beethoven stylistically. In order for Schubert to become successful, he had to deviate from the style of Beethoven because he was losing popularity. But when Beethoven became popular again, Schubert's attitude changed to acceptance. Schubert became influenced by the idea of challenging Beethoven. Though he tried to escape the influence, he was not able to do so. Beethoven's influence on Schumann Schumann greatly admired Beethoven's work and called one of his string quartets "simply heavenly." Schumann contributed to a new monument of Beethoven by composing his Fantasie, Op. 17. Later on, Schumann decided to put his emphisis on the string quartet in the style of Beethoven. Beethoven's influence on Wagner Wagner admired Beethoven for his symphonies. Wagner's family moved back to Leipzig in 1827 where he first heard Beethoven's 7th symphony in January. 2 months later in March, Wagner heard Beethoven's 9th Symphony performed in the Gewandhaus. Beethoven became Wagner's inspiration and he wrote a piano transcription of his 9th Symphony. http://220.127.116.11/files/imglnks/usimg/0/0c/IMSLP52624-PMLP01586-Beethoven_Werke_Breitkopf_Serie_1_No_5_Op_67.pdf http://erato.uvt.nl/files/imglnks/usimg/9/9a/IMSLP23141-PMLP01617-BraWV__S._404.pdf Beethoven set the Song of the Flea in 1809 written by Faust. Wagner took up the challenge of setting the same piece when he was 18 years old. It is interesting to compare the two.